Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation

Laboratory of, South Korea

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation

Laboratory of, South Korea
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Ding L.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation | Ding L.,Sun Yat Sen University | Li Q.-J.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation | You K.-Y.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation | And 4 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2016

Apatinib is a novel tyrosine kinase inhibitor targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2, which has been proved to be effective and safe in treating heavily pretreated patients with gastric cancer. The aim of the study was to explore the use of apatinib in treatment of nonsmall cell lung cancer and its side effects. We report 2 patients presented with advanced nonsmall-cell lung cancer, who received apatinib after failure in the first-or third-line chemotherapy. They are treated with apatinib in daily dose of 850mg, 28 days per cycle. Favorable oncologic outcomes were achieved in the 2 cases after the treatment of apatinib. Patient I's progression-free-survival has increased to 4.6 months after palliative therapy of apatinib, whereas Patient II nearly 6 months. The common side effects of apatinib were hypertension and hand-foot syndrome; however, the toxicity of apatinib was controllable and tolerable. Apatinib may be an option for advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer after failure of chemotherapy or other targeted therapy. But that still warrants further investigation in the prospective study. © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.


Wen X.,Guangzhou University | Huang A.,Sun Yat Sen University | Hu J.,Sun Yat Sen University | Zhong Z.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 5 more authors.
Neuroscience | Year: 2015

Oxidative stress (OS) mediated the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Astaxanthin (ATX) has been reported to exert antioxidant activities as well as neuroprotective effects in vivo and in vitro. But it is still unknown whether the Akt/glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) signaling mediated the neuroprotective effect of ATX in HT22 cells. Flow cytometric analysis was used to evaluate reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Caspase and PARP activity was measured. The expressions of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), Bcl-2, Bax, apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF), cytochrome-c (Cyto-c), p-Akt and p-GSK-3β were evaluated to elucidate the underlying mechanism. Our results showed that ATX significantly attenuated glutamate-induced cell viability loss and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, decreased the expression of caspase-3/8/9 activity and cleaved PARP, and suppressed the intracellular accumulation of ROS in HT22 cells after exposure to glutamate. ATX also increased the mitochondrial expression of AIF, Cyto-c as well as Bax while decreased Bcl-2. Moreover, ATX also induced the HO-1 expression in a dose and time-dependent manner, increased the antioxidant-responsive element (ARE) activity and nuclear Nrf2 expression. Furthermore, treatment with ATX restored the p-Akt and p-GSK-3β (Ser9) as well as HO-1 expression reduced by glutamate. This protective effect was partially blocked by the inhibitors lithium chloride treatment in HT22, indicating the involvement of Akt/GSK-3β inactivation during the neuroprotective effect of ATX. Our results provide the first evidence that ATX can protect glutamate-induced cytotoxicity in HT22 via attenuating caspase activation and mitochondrial dysfunction and modulating the Akt/GSK-3β signaling, indicating ATX may be useful for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders such as AD. © 2015 IBRO.


Zhang R.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation | Shi X.-D.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation | Zeng H.,Sun Yat Sen University | Cai Z.-X.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 4 more authors.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2015

Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a rare type of chronic pancreatitis that is often misdiagnosed as pancreatic cancer (PaC). This study was undertaken to investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of AIP, in order to improve the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Among the 271 patients with PaC who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy between January 2003 and December 2012 at the Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, chronic pancreatitis was identified and tissue samples obtained from 16 patients. The clinicopathological and imaging characteristics of 16 of the patients with chronic pancreatitis were analyzed retrospectively. The expression of immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4) in the pancreas tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry. Immunohistochemistry showed that IgG4 was highly expressed in 12 out of the 16 patients, and those 12 patients were diagnosed with AIP. Among those 12 patients, 6 presented with emaciation and 7 with jaundice and abdominal pain, respectively. Among the 16 included patients, 12 had an elevated level of serum γ-glutamyltransferase and 9 had an elevated level of serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9. The imaging features were as follows: Pancreatic enlargement in 11 patients (particularly pancreatic head enlargement), pancreatic miniature in 1, ‘sausage-like’ pancreatic changes in 4 and ‘halo’ sign pancreatic changes in 5. Massive plasma cell infiltration (11/12) and parenchymal fibrosis (8/12) were observed in the pancreatic tissues through pathology. These results suggest that combining imaging with IgG4 expression for the purpose of diagnosis can enhance the preoperative diagnostic value and reduce the rate of AIP misdiagnosis. © 2015, Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.


Chen Y.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation | Chen Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Chen S.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation | Chen S.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 11 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2015

Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma (PGIL) is a rare malignant tumor without standard diagnosis and treatment methods. This study is aimed to systematically analyze its clinical characteristics and draw out an appropriate flow chart of diagnosis and treatment process for PGIL in China. This study retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnostic approaches, prognostic factors, and therapeutic modalities in 415 cases of PGIL in Chinese province of Guangdong. A systematic review was conducted in 118 studies containing 5075 patients to further identify clinical manifestations and mortalities of therapeutic modalities. The most common clinical presentations were abdominal pain and bloody stools. Endoscopic biopsy was an important diagnostic means, and usually more than once to make a definite diagnosis. Retrospective multicenter clinical study showed that younger onset age (<60 years), female, one region involved, one lesion, early stage, International Prognostic Index (IPI ≤1), normal lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), normal albumin, and nonemergency operation were significant prognostic factors for B-cell lymphoma; non-B symptom, tumor restricted to gastric or ileocecal region, one lesion, performance status (PS ≤1), normal LDH, and nonsurgery alone were significant prognostic factors for T-cell lymphoma. Site of origin and IPI were independent prognostic factors for B-cell lymphoma; PS was the independent prognostic factor for T-cell lymphoma. And T-cell lymphoma had worse overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) than B-cell lymphoma. Among different therapeutic modalities, chemotherapy alone or combined with surgery showed better OS and PFS than surgery alone for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of stage I/II E and T-cell lymphoma. For DLBCL of stage III E/IV and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, OS and PFS did not differ among different therapeutic groups. In meta-analysis, surgery plus chemotherapy showed lowest mortality. Chemotherapy alone or combined with surgery may be the first-line treatment for DLBCL of stage I/II E and T-cell lymphoma. A flow chart of diagnosis and treatment process for PGIL was approximately drew out.


Chen Y.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation | Chen Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Ou G.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Malignant Tumor Epigenetics and Gene Regulation | Ou G.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 5 more authors.
Medicine (United States) | Year: 2015

Preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) prior to pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) is still controversial; therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the impact of PBD on complications following PD. A meta-Analysis was carried out for all relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs), prospective and retrospective studies published from inception to March 2015 that compared PBD and non-PBD (immediate surgery) for the development of postoperative complications in PD patients. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were estimated using fixed-effect analyses, or randomeffects analyses if there was statistically significant heterogeneity (P<0.05). Eight RCTs, 13 prospective studies, 20 retrospective studies, and 3 Chinese local retrospective studies with 6286 patients were included in this study. In a pooled analysis, there were no significant differences between PBD and non-PBD group in the risks of mortality, morbidity, intra-Abdominal abscess, sepsis, hemorrhage, pancreatic leakage, and biliary leakage. However, subgroup analysis of RCTs yielded a trend toward reduced risk of morbidity in PBD group (OR 0.48, CI 0.24 to 0.97; P=0.04). Compared with non-PBD, PBD was associated with significant increase in the risk of infectious complication (OR 1.52, CI 1.07 to 2.17; P=0.02), wound infection (OR 2.09, CI 1.39 to 3.13; P=0.0004), and delayed gastric emptying (DGE) (OR 1.37, CI 1.08 to 1.73; P=0.009). This meta-Analysis suggests that biliary drainage before PD increased postoperative infectious complication, wound infection, and DGE. In light of the results of the study, PBD probably should not be routinely carried out in PD patients. Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

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