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Yan J.,Southern Medical University | Liu X.-L.,Southern Medical University | Xiao G.,Southern Medical University | Li N.-L.,Southern Medical University | And 6 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Background and Aims: An immune imbalance in the cytokine profile exerts a profound influence on the progression of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present study evaluated the immune status of T helper (Th) 17 and Th1 cells in patients with HBV-related and non-HBV-related HCC. Methods: We randomly enrolled 150 patients with HCC. Blood samples and tissue samples were obtained. The distributions and phenotypic features of Th17 and Th1 cells were determined by flow cytometry and/or immunohistochemistry. Results: Compared to corresponding non-tumor regions, the levels of Th17 and Th1 cells were significantly increased in tumors of patients with HCC (P<0.001). The intratumoral densities of IL-17-producing cells and IFN-γ-producing cells were associated with overall survival (OS, P = 0.001) and disease-free survival (DFS, P = 0.001) of patients with HCC. The ratio of Th17 to Th1 in HBV-related HCC was higher than in non-HBV-related HCC. A multivariate Cox analysis revealed that the Th17 to Th1 ratio was an independent prognostic factor for OS (HR = 2.651, P = 0.007) and DFS (HR = 2.456, P = 0.002). Conclusions: HBV infections can lead to an imbalance in immune status in patients with HCC. An elevated Th17 to Th1 ratio may promote tumor progression. The Th17 to Th1 ratio could serve as a potential prognostic marker for scoring the severity of HCC. © 2014 Yan et al.

Yan J.,Southern Medical University | Liu X.-L.,Southern Medical University | Han L.-Z.,Southern Medical University | Xiao G.,Southern Medical University | And 9 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015

The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of the transcription factor Ki-67, ER, PR, Her2/neu, p21, EGFR, and TOP II-α in the tumor tissue of patients with invasive ductal carcinoma(IDC); in addition, we examined correlations between these markers. Two hundred and sixteen IDC patients, who were not previously been treated with chemo- or radiotherapy, were included in the study. All tumors were grade I-III. Expression of molecular markers was determined by immunohistochemical analysis on paraffin-embedded tissue sections. Follow-up data were collected for 3 months to 10 years and analyzed for tumor recurrence, survival time, and prognostic risk factors. We determined Ki-67 expression correlates with the expression of ER, PR, HER-2, EGFR, and TOP-α, as well as lymph node involvement, high tumor grade, lymphovascular invasion, high tumor stage, and high TNM stage in IDC. Positive Ki-67 expression was a risk factor for rapid tumor recurrence and may help tumor progression, leading to poor prognosis in IDC. Ki-67 was directly correlated with EGFR, TOP II-α, lymph node involvement, high tumor grade, lymphovascular invasion, high tumor stage, and high TNM stage in the hormone receptor subtypes of breast cancer. In triple negative breast cancer, Ki-67 correlated with TOP II-α. Expression of Ki-67 correlated with that of ER, PR, HER-2, EGFR, TOP II-α, and p21. In addition, the biomarker Ki-67 has a role as a prognostic factor and indicates a poor prognosis in IDC.

Jia C.-C.,Sun Yat Sen University | Jia C.-C.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Liver Disease Research | Wang T.-T.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Liver Disease Research | Wang T.-T.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 17 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are reported to support tumorigenesis by stimulating angiogenesis, cancer cell proliferation, and invasion in most solid tumors. However, the roles of CAFs in the liver cancer microenvironment have not been thoroughly studied. In our previous study, we successfully isolated CAFs from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (H-CAFs) and proved that H-CAFs suppressed the activation of NK cells and thereby created favorable conditions for HCC progression. In our present study, we found that the proliferation of MHCC97L and Hep3B cells was significantly promoted by treatment with conditioned medium from H-CAFs. Pathological analysis also revealed that H-CAFs increased the proportion of Ki-67 (+) malignant cells and prevented them from undergoing necrosis. Moreover, the concentration of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) cytokine in the conditioned medium of H-CAFs was higher than conditioned medium from normal skin fibroblasts (NSFs). Anti-HGF significantly reduced the proliferation-promoting capability of H-CAFs. In addition, we found that the abundance of H-CAFs correlated positively with tumor size. These results indicate that H-CAFs are an important factor for promoting the growth of HCC in vitro and in vivo, and that HGF plays a key role in HCC proliferation induced by H-CAFs. © 2013 Jia et al.

Li T.,Sun Yat Sen University | Li T.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Liver Disease Research | Li T.,Southern Medical University | Yi S.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 11 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2013

Substantial evidence indicates that cancerassociated fibroblasts (CAFs) are critical components in the process of cancer progression. However, the role of CAFs in the immunopathogenesis of human cancer remains elusive. In this study, we demonstrate that purified colorectal carcinoma-derived fibroblasts exhibit activated phenotypes characterized by substantial α-smooth muscle actin expression. These CAFs sharply suppress natural killer (NK) cell functions in co-culture experiments. In contrast, normal skin fibroblasts had only a minimal effect on NK cell phenotype and function. Moreover, we demonstrated that prostaglandin E2(PGE2) was released by fibroblasts in co-culture experiments. Thus, the functional modulation of NK cells by CAFs may represent a novel mechanism linking the pro-inflammatory response to immune tolerance within the tumor milieu. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013.

Wang G.-Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Yang Y.,Sun Yat Sen University | Li H.,Sun Yat Sen University | Zhang J.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 4 more authors.
Hepatology Research | Year: 2012

Aim: To determine whether donor immature dendritic cells (imDCs) combined with a short postoperative course of rapamycin (Rapa) has the ability to expand the CD4 +CD25 +Foxp3 + regulatory T (Treg) cells and prolong liver allograft survival. Methods: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) was performed from Lewis rats to Brown Norway recipients. Three days before transplantation, animals were injected intravenously with 2×10 6 donor bone marrow-derived imDCs. Recipient rats (the combined treated group) also received Rapa for 7 d after liver transplantation. Additional groups received either imDCs alone, Rapa alone, or saline alone. Every six recipients from each group were killed at 14days, 28days after OLT. The changes of CD4 +CD25 +Foxp3 + Treg cells in peripheral blood and spleen, histological changes of liver grafts, and serum cytokine levels were investigated. The other six recipients were left in each group to observe the animal survival. Results: Donor imDCs followed by a short postoperative course of Rapa induced long-term allograft survival. The percentage of CD4 +CD25 +Foxp3 + Treg cells in CD4 + T cells in the combination treatment group were significantly higher compared with the acute rejection group. Moreover, within the CD4 +CD25 + T cell population the combination treatment recipients maintained a higher incidence of Foxp3 + T cells compared with the other groups. Despite the lower serum levels of interleukin (IL)-2, IL-12, and interferon-γ in the combined treated group, the cytokine levels in the combined treated group at 7days after OLT was nearly twice that at 3days after OLT but decreased significantly compared with the other groups at 28days after OLT. Serum IL-10 level in the combined treated group was higher than the other groups. Conclusions: A single imDC infusion followed by a short postoperative course of Rapa prolongs liver allograft survival and enhances the expansion of Treg cells. This optimal protocol may be a promising administration protocol for the peritransplant tolerance induction. © 2011 The Japan Society of Hepatology.

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