Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Laboratory Animals

Guangzhou, China

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Laboratory Animals

Guangzhou, China
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Xu F.,Guangdong Laboratory Animals Monitoring Institute | Xu F.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Laboratory Animals | Yuan W.,Guangdong Laboratory Animals Monitoring Institute | Zhang T.,U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Virological Methods | Year: 2017

There are currently four rat parvoviruses including Kilham rat virus (KRV), Toolans H-1 parvovirus (H-1virus), rat parvovirus type 1a (RPV-1a) and rat minute virus (RMV). Virus detection methods are commonly based on conventional PCR – agarose gel electrophoresis or serological assay methods These methods are both time-consuming and lack specificity. In this study, we developed a bead array xTAG assay for the simultaneous detection and discrimination of four rat parvoviruses. The detection limits ranged from 100 to 1000 copies/μL of input purified plasmid DNA. We examined 50 clinical specimens and 15 facal samples by xTAG assay and conventional PCR. The results showed a high consistency except for several weak positive infections. It demonstrated that the xTAG-multiplex PCR method is specific, sensitive and suitable for high throughput platforms for rat parvovirus screening of clinical samples and contaminated biological materials. © 2017


Min F.,Guangdong Laboratory Animals Monitoring Institute | Min F.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Laboratory Animals | Pan J.,Guangdong Laboratory Animals Monitoring Institute | Pan J.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Laboratory Animals | And 8 more authors.
Experimental Animals | Year: 2016

Recent evidence indicates that the prevalence of diseases caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) has been increasing in both human and animals. In this study, antibody profiles of NTM in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) were determined and compared with those of monkeys infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC). Antibodies against 10 M. tuberculosis proteins, purified protein derivative (PPD), and mammalian old tuberculin (MOT) were detected in 14 monkeys naturally infected with NTM by indirect ELISA. Sera from 10 monkeys infected with MTBC and 10 healthy monkeys were set as controls. All antigens showed high serological reactivities to MTBC infections and low reactivities in healthy monkeys. NTM infections showed strong antibody responses to MOT and PPD; moderate antibody responses to 16kDa, U1, MPT64L, 14kDa, and TB16.3; and low antibody responses to 38kDa, Ag85b, CFP10, ESAT-6, and CFP10-ESAT-6. According to the criteria of MTBC, only CFP10, ESAT-6, and CFP10-ESAT-6 showed negative antibody responses in all NTM infections. Taken together, these results suggest that positive results of a PPD/MOT-based ELISA in combination with results of antibodies to M. tuberculosis-specific antigens, such as CFP10 and ESAT-6, could discriminate NTM and MTBC infections. Two positive results indicate an MTBC infection, and a negative result for an M. tuberculosis-specific antigen may preliminarily predict an NTM infection. © 2016 Japanese Association for Laboratory Animal Science.

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