Zhou C.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute |
Zhou C.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Marine Biology |
Lin H.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute |
Huang Z.,CAS South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute |
And 3 more authors.
Fish and Shellfish Immunology | Year: 2016
It is well known that lysozymes are key proteins to teleosts in the innate immune system and possess high bactericidal properties. In the present study, a c-type lysozyme gene (To-lysC) was cloned from golden pompano, Trachinotus ovatus. The To-lysC cDNA is composed of 743 bp with a 36 bp of 5'-UTR, 432 bp open reading frame (ORF) and 275 bp 3'-UTR, encoding a polypeptide of 144 amino acids (GenBank accession no: KT935522). Phylogenetic analysis revealed that To-lysC showed highest similarity to Perca flavescens lysC. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis showed that To-lysC had relatively high expression level in the head kidney, gill and brain. After Vibrio harveyi infection, transcripts of To-lysC increased and reached its peak at 12 h p.i. These results indicated that To-lysC may play an important role in innate immune response to bacteria. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Source
Zhou L.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology |
Zhou L.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Marine Biology |
Tan Y.,CAS South China Sea Institute of Oceanology |
Tan Y.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Marine Biology |
And 7 more authors.
Biogeosciences | Year: 2015
To examine seasonal and size-dependent variations in the phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing in oligotrophic tropical waters under the influence of seasonal reversing monsoon, dilution experiments were conducted during the summer of 2009 (21 May to 9 June) and winter 2010 (9 to 18 November) in the southern South China Sea (SSCS). The results showed that environmental variables, phytoplankton biomass, phytoplankton growth rate (μ), microzooplankton grazing rate (m), and correlationship (coupling) between the μ and m, rather than the microzooplankton grazing impact on phytoplankton (m/μ) significantly varied between the two seasons. Higher relative preference index (RPI) for the larger-sized (> 3 μm) phytoplankton than pico-phytoplankton (< 3 μm), indicating significant size-selective grazing by microzooplankton on the larger-sized phytoplankton, were also observed. The μ and m were significantly correlated with seawater salinity and temperature, and phytoplankton biomass, which indicated that salient seasonal variations in the phytoplankton growth and microzooplankton grazing in the SSCS were closely related to the environmental variables under the influence of the East Asian monsoon. We propose that intermittent arrivals of the northeast winter monsoon could lead to the low μ and m, and the decoupling between the μ and m in the SSCS, through influencing nutrient supply to the surface water, and inducing surface seawater salinity decrease. The low m/μ (< 50 % on average) indicates low remineralization of organic matter mediated by microzooplankton and mismatch between the μ and m, and thus probably accounts for part of the high vertical biogenic particle fluxes in the prevailing periods of the monsoons in the SSCS. The size-selective grazing suggests that microzooplankton grazing partially contributes to the pico-phytoplankton dominance in the oligotrophic tropical waters such as that of the SSCS. © Author(s) 2015. CC Attribution 3.0 License. Source