Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Agro Animal Genomics and Molecular Breeding and Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics

Guangzhou, China

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Agro Animal Genomics and Molecular Breeding and Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics

Guangzhou, China
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Jia X.,South China Agricultural University | Ouyang H.,South China Agricultural University | Abdalla B.A.,South China Agricultural University | Xu H.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Agro Animal Genomics and Molecular Breeding and Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics | And 2 more authors.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Regulatory Mechanisms | Year: 2016

Myogenesis mainly involves several steps including myoblast proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis and fusion. Except for muscle specific regulators, few miRNAs were proved to coordinate this complex process. Here, we reported that miR-16 inhibited myoblast proliferation and promoted myoblast apoptosis by directly targeting Bcl2 and FOXO1. The expression level of miR-16 was significantly decreased in the hypertrophic pectoral muscle compared to the normal pectoral muscle in chicken. In vitro, elevating miR-16 significantly inhibited myoblast proliferation and promoted myoblast apoptosis, resulting in about 11.2% cells arrested in G1 phase and 12.3% apoptotic cells in the early stage. Bioinformatic and biochemical analyses revealed Bcl2 and FOXO1 as direct targets of miR-16. Consist to the effect of miR-16 on myogenesis, specific inhibition of Bcl2 or FOXO1 significantly suppressed myoblast proliferation and induced myoblast apoptosis, indicating that both Bcl2 and FOXO1 contributed to miR-16 regulatory function in myogenesis. Interestingly, FOXO1, as the core target, mediated multiple growth-related pathways induced by miR-16 such as PI3K-AKT-MAPK and PI3K-AKT-mTOR. Chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq) revealed that 234 annotated genes bound by FOXO1 in the early-differentiated myoblasts, which were significantly enriched in myogenic proliferation, death and hypotrophy. Altogether, we proposed that miR-16 acted as a coordinated mediator to suppress myogenesis in avian through the control of myoblast proliferation and apoptosis. These findings have provided a novel mechanism whereby miR-16 represses Bcl2 and FOXO1 expression to maintain myoblast growth and skeletal muscle mass. © 2017 The Author(s).


Li X.,South China Agricultural University | Li X.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Agro Animal Genomics and Molecular Breeding and Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics | Lin W.,South China Agricultural University | Lin W.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Agro Animal Genomics and Molecular Breeding and Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics | And 20 more authors.
Archives of Virology | Year: 2016

Avian leukosis virus (ALV) causes high mortality associated with tumor formation and decreased fertility, and results in major economic losses in the poultry industry worldwide. Recently, a putative novel ALV subgroup virus named ALV-K was observed in Chinese local chickens. In this study, a novel ALV strain named GD14LZ was isolated from a Chinese local yellow broiler in 2014. The proviral genome was sequenced and phylogenetically analyzed. The replication ability and pathogenicity of this virus were also evaluated. The complete proviral genome sequence of GD14LZ was 7482 nt in length, with a genetic organization typical of replication-competent type C retroviruses lacking viral oncogenes. Sequence analysis showed that the gag, pol and gp37 genes of GD14LZ have high sequence similarity to those of other ALV strains (A–E subgroups), especially to those of ALV-E. The gp85 gene of the GD14LZ isolate showed a low sequence similarity to those other ALV strains (A–E subgroups) but showed high similarity to strains previously described as ALV-K. Phylogenetic analysis of gp85 also suggested that the GD14LZ isolate was related to ALV-K strains. Further study showed that this isolate replicated more slowly and was less pathogenic than other ALV strains. These results indicate that the GD14LZ isolate belongs to the novel subgroup ALV-K and probably arose by recombination of ALV-K with endogenous viruses with low replication and pathogenicity. This virus might have existed in local Chinese chickens for a long time. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Wien.


PubMed | Wens Nanfang Poultry Breeding Co. and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Agro Animal Genomics and Molecular Breeding and Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics
Type: | Journal: BMC genomics | Year: 2016

Residual feed intake (RFI) is a powerful indicator for energy utilization efficiency and responds to selection. Low RFI selection enables a reduction in feed intake without affecting growth performance. However, the effective variants or major genes dedicated to phenotypic differences in RFI in quality chickens are unclear. Therefore, a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and RNA sequencing were performed on RFI to identify genetic variants and potential candidate genes associated with energy improvement.A lower average daily feed intake was found in low-RFI birds compared to high-RFI birds. The heritability of RFI measured from 44 to 83 d of age was 0.35. GWAS showed that 32 of the significant single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the RFI (P<10(-4)) accounted for 53.01% of the additive genetic variance. More than half of the effective SNPs were located in a 1Mb region (16.3-17.3Mb) of chicken (Gallus gallus) chromosome (GGA) 12. Thus, focusing on this region should enable a deeper understanding of energy utilization. RNA sequencing was performed to profile the liver transcriptomes of four male chickens selected from the high and low tails of the RFI. One hundred and sixteen unique genes were identified as differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Some of these genes were relevant to appetite, cell activities, and fat metabolism, such as CCKAR, HSP90B1, and PCK1. Some potential genes within the 500 Kb flanking region of the significant RFI-related SNPs detected in GWAS (i.e., MGP, HIST1H110, HIST1H2A4L3, OC3, NR0B2, PER2, ST6GALNAC2, and G0S2) were also identified as DEGs in chickens with divergent RFIs.The GWAS findings showed that the 1Mb narrow region of GGA12 should be important because it contained genes involved in energy-consuming processes, such as lipogenesis, social behavior, and immunity. Similar results were obtained in the transcriptome sequencing experiments. In general, low-RFI birds seemed to optimize energy employment by reducing energy expenditure in cell activities, immune responses, and physical activity compared to eating.


Chen B.,South China Agricultural University | Chen B.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Agro Animal Genomics and Molecular Breeding and Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics | Pan W.,South China Agricultural University | Pan W.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Agro Animal Genomics and Molecular Breeding and Key Laboratory of Chicken Genetics | And 10 more authors.
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2014

As a kind of binding protein, the type 1 Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE1) is a receptor for the highly pathogenic Avian leukosis viruses-J subgroup (ALV-J) in chicken. In order to investigate the potential effect of chicken NHE1 gene on leukosis, we compared its expression between ALV-J-affected and -unaffected chicken, screened variations across the whole gene, and then performed association analysis with ALV-J affected/unaffected trait in three un-related chicken populations. We found that the NHE1 gene expressed in four immune tissues including spleen, bursa fabricius, liver, and thymus, and its expression was significantly up-regulated in liver and thymus of ALV-J-affected chickens (with leukosis phenotype) compared to -unaffected ones (ALV-J-negative controls). Thirty-six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) were identified in a 6,105 bp region of the chicken NHE1 gene, giving rise to every 170 bp per SNP. Two SNP of g.4405A>G and g.5886C>G were genotyped with PCR-RFLP method. Results showed that g.4405A>G was significantly associated (P < 0.05) with ALV-J infection in all of the three chicken populations, including White Recessive Rock (WRR), Dwarf Yellow (DY) and Shiki Yellow (SY), while g.5886C>G was significantly associated (P < 0.05) with ALV-J infection in SY. These results indicated that the NHE1 gene was related to ALV-J infection in chicken. © 2014, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

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