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Hou G.-M.,Sun Yat Sen University | Hou G.-M.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory for High Performance Polymer Based Composites | Huang Y.-F.,Sun Yat Sen University | Huang Y.-F.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory for High Performance Polymer Based Composites | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry

In the developing of wearable electronics and smart textiles, thin, lightweight, and flexible energy storage supercapacitor with high energy density has attracted the attention of many researchers in recent years. In this work, we prepared gel nano-composite electrolyte with the hypergrafted poly (amine-ester) nano-silica (HBPAE-SiO2) as inclusion. The electrochemical properties of the supercapacitor with the alkaline polymer electrolyte were evaluated by cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge–discharge behavior, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. It was found that the incorporated HBPAE-SiO2 can greatly increase the specific capacitance of the supercapacitor, which was due to the enhanced ionic conductivity of gel electrolyte as well as good electrode–electrolyte contact. It is pointed out that the electroactivity of the inclusion may be also one reason. The best specific capacitance with 30 wt% HBPAE-SiO2 reached 160 F g−1, which was increased by 36.5 % compared with that of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)-KOH system. Moreover, the capacity retention of solid-state supercapacitor can be 88 % after 10,000 cycles. The hypergrafted nano-silica modified polymer gel electrolyte is promising for the application of solid-state supercapacitor. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg Source

Li M.,Sun Yat Sen University | Li M.,Key Laboratory for Polymeric Composite and Functional Materials | Li M.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory for High Performance Polymer Based Composites | Li G.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 14 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Polymer Science (English Edition)

To enhance the ultraviolet resistance of ZnO based polymer materials, ZnO-supported mesoporous zeolite (M-ZnO) was prepared and characterized by atomic absorption spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The ultraviolet resistance, crystallization behavior and melting characteristics of ZnO and M-ZnO filled PPR composites were compared by FTIR spectra and differential scanning calorimetry. The ultraviolet resistance of M-ZnO filled PPR composites is higher than that of ZnO filled PPR composites, indicating higher ultraviolet resistance of M-ZnO than that of ZnO. The crystallization temperatures of mesoporous zeolite filled PPR were higher than those of M-ZnO and decreased with increasing UV-irradiation time. But the crystallization temperatures of M-ZnO filled PPR composites were not influenced by UV-irradiation time. The ZnO supported on the surface of zeolite is effective in enhancing the ultraviolet resistance of ZnO based polymer materials. © 2015, Chinese Chemical Society, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

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