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Yang Y.,Guangdong Institute of Microbiology | Yang Y.,Guangdong Academy of science | Guo J.,Guangdong Academy of science | Sun G.,Guangdong Institute of Microbiology | And 5 more authors.
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2013

Microbial electrochemical snorkel (MES) reactor is a simplified bioreactor based on microbial fuel cells (MFCs) and has been suggested to be a promising approach to solve many environmental problems. However, the microbial processes in MES reactors have not yet been characterized. This study shows that Shewanella decolorationis S12 can use the conductive snorkel as direct electron acceptor for respiration and growth. Similar with current-generating biofilms, cellular viability in MES biofilms decreased with the distance from snorkel. MES reactors showed more rapid cell growth and substrate consumption than MFCs. Although the biomass density of MES biofilm was higher than that of anode biofilms, the current-generating capacity and electrochemical activity of MES biofilm were lower, which could be attributed to the lower cytochrome c expression in MES biofilm caused by the higher redox potential of MES. These microbiological and electrochemical properties are essential for the further development of MES reactors. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

Li J.,South China University of Technology | Li J.,Guangdong Institute of Microbiology | Li J.,Guangdong Open Laboratory of Applied Microbiology | Li J.,State Key Laboratory of Applied Microbiology Ministry Guangdong Province Jointly Breeding Base | And 10 more authors.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2012

Two identical biotrickling filters named BTFa and BTFb were run in parallel to examine their performances in removing hydrogen sulfide. BTFa was filled with ceramic granules, and BTFb was filled with volcanic rocks. The results showed that BTFb was more robust than BTFa under acidic conditions. At empty bed residence times (EBRTs) of 20 and 15 s, the removal efficiency of BTFa was close to 100%. At EBRTs of 10 and 5 s, the removal efficiency of BTFa slightly decreased. The removal efficiencies of BTFa decreased by different degrees at the end of each stage, dropping to 94%, 81%, 60%, and 71%, respectively. However, the H2S removal efficiency in BTFb consistently reached 99% throughout the experiment. Pyrosequencing analyses indicated that members of Thiomonas dominated in both BTFs, but the relative abundance of Acidithiobacillus was higher in BTFb than in BTFa. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

Yang Y.,South China University of Technology | Yang Y.,Guangdong Institute of Microbiology | Yang Y.,Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Microbial Culture Collection and Application | Yang Y.,Guangdong Open Laboratory of Applied Microbiology | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology | Year: 2011

OVERVIEW: Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are an emerging technology which directly converts chemical energy stored in organic matter to electricity. Driven by the increasing concern over the energy-climate crisis and environment pollution, MFCs have been developed rapidly in the past decade. Currently, MFCs are making the challenging step from laboratory to practical application. This paper focuses on MFC patents and the applications of MFCs. IMPACT: MFCs make it possible to directly exploit bio-electricity from organic wastes with a higher energy transforming efficiency than other traditional technologies. The wide application of MFCs will significantly reduce the energy dependence on fossil fuel as well as the relative problems of climate and environmental pollution. APPLICATIONS: MFCs have been deployed in various practical environments, such as wastewater treatment plants, seafloor, etc. The electricity generated by MFCs has been used to charge low power devices. More applications have been funded or are to be undertaken. The successful pilot applications of MFCs promise a bright future for this technology. © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry.

Pan T.,South China University of Technology | Pan T.,Guangdong Institute of Microbiology | Pan T.,Guangdong Open Laboratory of Applied Microbiology | Pan T.,State Key Laboratory of Applied Microbiology Ministry Guangdong Province Jointly Breeding Base | And 12 more authors.
Separation Science and Technology (Philadelphia) | Year: 2013

A method for removing four triphenylmethane dyes from wastewater by cloud point extraction with the nonionic surfactant Triton X-114 (TX-114) was developed. The triphenylmethane dyes were crystal violet, ethyl violet, malachite green and brilliant green. The cloud point of TX-114 generally increased in the presence of any of the four dyes. In the cloud point system, these dyes were solubilized into a coacervate phase that left a color-free dilute phase. The extraction efficiency of the dyes increased with the temperature, TX-114 concentration, and salt (NaCl and CaCl2) concentration. More than 97% TX-114 in the dilute phase was recovered by adjusting the volume ratio of dichloromethane to the dilute phase. The Langmuir-type adsorption isotherm was used to describe the dye solubilization. The Langmuir constants m and n were calculated as functions of temperature. The results showed that the solubilization of the triphenylmethane dyes in the cloud point system was related to the partition coefficient and their molecular structures. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Pan T.,Guangdong Institute of Microbiology | Pan T.,South China University of Technology | Pan T.,Guangdong Open Laboratory of Applied Microbiology | Pan T.,State Key Laboratory of Applied Microbiology | And 12 more authors.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2013

The biological treatment of triphenylmethane dyes is an important issue. Most microbes have limited practical application because they cannot completely detoxicate these dyes. In this study, the extractive biodecolorization of triphenylmethane dyes by Aeromonas hydrophila DN322p was carried out by introducing the cloud point system. The cloud point system is composed of a mixture of nonionic surfactants (20 g/L) Brij 30 and Tergitol TMN-3 in equal proportions. After the decolorization of crystal violet, a higher wet cell weight was obtained in the cloud point system than that of the control system. Based on the results of thin-layer chromatography, the residual crystal violet and its decolorized product, leuco crystal violet, preferred to partition into the coacervate phase. Therefore, the detoxification of the dilute phase was achieved, which indicated that the dilute phase could be discharged without causing dye pollution. The extractive biodecolorization of three other triphenylmethane dyes was also examined in this system. The decolorization of malachite green and brilliant green was similar to that of crystal violet. Only ethyl violet achieved a poor decolorization rate because DN322p decolorized it via adsorption but did not convert it into its leuco form. This study provides potential application of biological treatment in triphenylmethane dye wastewater. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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