Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences

Guangzhou, China

Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences

Guangzhou, China
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Yuan Y.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Ahmed J.,Konkuk University | Kim S.,Konkuk University
Journal of Power Sources | Year: 2011

Polyaniline/carbon black (PANI/C) composite-supported iron phthalocyanine (FePc) (PANI/C/FePc) has been investigated as a catalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in an air-cathode microbial fuel cell (MFC). The electrocatalytic activity of the PANI/C/FePc toward the ORR is evaluated using cyclic voltammogram and linear scan voltammogram methods. In comparison with that of carbon-supported FePc electrode, the peak potential of the ORR at the PANI/C/FePc electrode shifts toward positive potential, and the peak current is greatly increased, suggesting the enhanced activity of FePc absorbed onto PANI/C. Additionally, the results of the MFC experiments show that PANI/C/FePc is well suitable to be the cathode material for MFCs. The maximum power density of 630.5 mW m-2 with the PANI/C/FePc cathode is higher than that of 336.6 mW m-2 with the C/FePc cathode, and even higher that that of 575.6 mW m-2 with a Pt cathode. Meanwhile, the power per cost of the PANI/C/FePc cathode is 7.5 times greater than that of the Pt cathode. Thus, the PANI/C/FePc can be a potential alternative to Pt in MFCs. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.


Wen J.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Zhou S.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Yuan Y.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2014

The genus Shewanella is ubiquitous in environment and has been extensively studied for their applications in bioremediation. A novel immunoassay for ultrasensitive detection of Shewanella oneidensis was presented based on graphene oxide (GO) as nanogold carrier with silver enhancement strategy. The enhanced sensitivity was achieved by employing conjugate-featuring gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and antibodies (Ab) assembled on bovine serum albumin (BSA)-modified GO (Ab/AuNPs/BSA/GO). After a sandwich-type antigen-antibody reaction, Ab/AuNPs/BSA/GO conjugate binding on the target analyte produced an enhanced immune-recognition response by the reduction of silver ion in the present of hydroquinone. The deposited silver metal was dissolved with nitric acid and subsequently quantified by anodic stripping voltammetry. The high AuNPs loading capacity of GO and the obvious signal amplification by gold-catalyzed silver deposition offer an excellent detection method with a wide range of linear relationship between 7.0×101 and 7.0×107cfu/mL. Furthermore, the immunoassay developed in this work exhibited high sensitivity, acceptable stability and reproducibility. This simple and sensitive assay method has promising application in various fields for rapid detection of bacteria, protein and DNA. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.


Chen J.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Zhou S.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Wen J.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2014

A disposable strip biosensor for the visual detection of Hg2+ in aqueous solution has been constructed on the basis of Hg2+-triggered toehold binding and exonuclease III (Exo III)-assisted signal amplification. Thymine-thymine (T-T) mismatches in the toehold domains can serve as specific recognition elements for Hg2+ binding with the help of T-Hg 2+-T base pairs to initiate toehold-mediated strand displacement reaction. Exo III-catalyzed target recycling strategy is introduced to improve the sensitivity. Using gold nanoparticles as a tracer, the output signals can be directly observed by the naked eye. The assay is ultrasensitive, enabling the visual detection of trace amounts of Hg2+ as low as 1 pM without instrumentation. This sensing system also displays remarkable specificity to Hg2+ against other possible competing ions. This sensor is robust and can be applied to the reliable monitoring of spiked Hg2+ in environmental water samples with good recovery and accuracy. With the advantages of cost-effectiveness, simplicity, portability, and convenience, the disposable strip biosensor will be a promising candidate for point-of-use monitoring of Hg2+ in environmental and biological samples. © 2014 American Chemical Society.


Yuan Y.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Zhou S.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Zhuang L.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences
Journal of Power Sources | Year: 2010

A polypyrrole/carbon black (Ppy/C) composite has been employed as an electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in an air-cathode microbial fuel cell (MFC). The electrocatalytic activity of the Ppy/C is evaluated toward the oxygen reduction using cyclic voltammogram and linear sweep voltammogram methods. In comparison with that at the carbon black electrode, the peak potential of the ORR at the Pp/C electrode shifts by approximate 260 mV towards positive potential, demonstrating the electrocatalytic activity of Ppy toward ORR. Additionally, the results of the MFC experiments show that the Ppy/C is well suitable to fully substitute the traditional cathode materials in MFCs. The maximum power density of 401.8 mW m -2 obtained from the MFC with a Ppy/C cathode is higher than that of 90.9 mW m -2 with a carbon black cathode and 336.6 mW m -2 with a non-pyrolysed FePc cathode. Although the power output with a Ppy/C cathode is lower than that with a commercial Pt cathode, the power per cost of a Ppy/C cathode is 15 times greater than that of a Pt cathode. Thus, the Ppy/C can be a good alternative to Pt in MFCs due to the economic advantage. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Chen J.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Zhou S.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Wen J.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences
Angewandte Chemie - International Edition | Year: 2015

Concatenated logic circuits operating as a biocomputing keypad-lock security system with an automatic reset function have been successfully constructed on the basis of toehold-mediated strand displacement and three-way-DNA-junction architecture. In comparison with previously reported keypad locks, the distinctive advantage of the proposed security system is that it can be reset and cycled spontaneously a large number of times without an external stimulus, thus making practical applications possible. By the use of a split-G-quadruplex DNA zyme as the signal reporter, the output of the keypad lock can be recognized readily by the naked eye. The "lock" is opened only when the inputs are introduced in an exact order. This requirement provides defense against illegal invasion to protect information at the molecular scale. © 2015 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.


Chen J.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Zhou S.,Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences
Biosensors and Bioelectronics | Year: 2016

A label-free DNA Y junction sensing platform for the amplified detection of bisphenol A (BPA) has been constructed by the ingenious combination of toehold-mediated strand displacement and exonuclease III (Exo III)-based signal protection strategy. Three hairpin probes were utilized as the building blocks to fabricate the DNA Y junction with cascaded signal amplification via a series of toehold-mediated strand displacement reactions. Exo III was employed as a protecting agent for the first time to keep the Y-shaped molecular architecture intact, thereby greatly enhancing the fluorescence intensity of DNA intercalator SYBR Green I. The resulting biosensor exhibits ultrasensitivity towards BPA at low concentration (5. fM) without any labeling, modification, immobilization, or washing procedure. Our proposed sensing system also displays remarkable specificity to BPA against other possible interference molecules. Moreover, this DNA junction biosensor is robust and can be applied to the reliable monitoring of spiked BPA in environmental water samples with good recovery and accuracy. With the successful demonstration for BPA detection, the label-free DNA Y junction can be readily expanded to monitor other analytes in a simple, cost-effective, and ultrasensitive way by substituting the target-specific aptamer sequence. © 2015 Elsevier B.V..


Patent
Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Date: 2012-10-17

A method for recovering lead from lead-containing discarded electronic waste cathode ray tube glass includes the steps of taking a sample of cathode ray tube lead-containing funnel glass, crushing to obtain CRT glass powder, then uniformly mixing zero-valent iron powder with the CRT glass powder according to the mass ratio of 0.1-1.5:1, performing heat preservation at a temperature of 610-960 C. for 3-180 min, and further cooling to extract the metallic lead from a SiO_(2 )reticular glass structure of the CRT glass. This can be applied to pretreatment of the lead-containing waste CRT glass, and the metallic lead is extracted from the reticular silicate structure of the lead-containing waste CRT glass by adding the zero-valent iron in the thermal treatment process so that disposal rate of electronic wastes is improved and ecological safety is ensured. This method has important environmental, social and economic significance and broad application prospects.


Patent
Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Date: 2010-07-16

A method for in-situ treatment of sediment simultaneous with microbial electricity generation is provided, comprising steps of constructing a microbial fuel cell, placing the microbial fuel cell in the sediment, forming a cell circuit, and cultivating microorganisms to generate electrical power. The method overcomes shortcomings found in the prior art and uses organics in the sediment as fuels to in-situ treat the sediment with simultaneous electricity generation. A device for implementing the method is also provided, which can be expanded in different directions as needed and is easy to maintain during long-term operation. The device has many advantages including compact structure, easy operation, low cost, high output power density, significant reduction in sediment COD, no influence on water flow, and environment-friendly


Patent
Guangdong Institute of Eco environmental and Soil Sciences | Date: 2010-08-03

The present invention is related to the field of environmental protection, more specifically, to a foliage silicon fertilizer and a method for production of the fertilizer, which is a molybdenum-silica compound sol used for reducing heavy metal and nitrates in vegetables. The fertilizer, which is a molybdenum-silica compound sol, comprises 10-25 wt % silica, 0.05-5.5 wt % molybdenum ions. More preferably, the fertilize, which is a rare earth-molybdenum-silica compound sol, comprises 10-25 wt % silica, 0.05-5.5 wt % molybdenum ions and 0.1-7.5 wt % rare earth ions. By the combination of silica with molybdenum in the present invention, it is effective for preventing the absorption/accumulation of nitrates in vegetables. In addition, by the further combination with rare earth element, the prevention ability of the fertilizer from absorbing heavy metal and nitrates into vegetables is even enhanced. With a preparation method with normal pressure and relatively, low temperature, that is, with mild condition, simple process and high operability, large scale production of the present invention may be readily executed.


The present invention discloses a selenium-doped nano-silica sol capable of both inhibiting the absorption and accumulation of heavy metal in rice and producing a selenium-rich rice, and a preparation method thereof. The selenium-doped nano-silica sol of the present invention is prepared mainly by using a nano-silica sol as a carrier, sodium selenite and the like as a raw material, vitamin C and the like as a reducing agent, and polyvinylpyrrolidone and the like as an emulsifier, and doping and dispersing selenium in a specific ratio in a silica sol so as to form a selenium-doped nano-silica sol with a special structure and function. The selenium-doped nano-silica sol prepared according to the invention has high stability and high concentration, and is uniform and transparent, and has a silica content of up to 20% or more, a selenium content of up to 1% or more, and low impurity content. The selenium-doped nano-silica sol of the present invention has a pH close to neutral, wherein selenium, in a nano particle form, is dispersed in colloidal silica, with a particle size of less than 50 nm; and after the foliar application, it can significantly promote the growth of crops, inhibit the absorption and accumulation of arsenic and cadmium in crops, and increase the selenium content in crops, and has no toxic and side effects on crops, and is safe to application.

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