Sun Y.X.,South China Agricultural University |
Yao X.,South China Agricultural University |
Shi S.N.,South China Agricultural University |
Zhang G.J.,Guangdong Dahuanong Animal Health Products Stock Co. |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics | Year: 2015
T-2 toxin, one of the most toxic trichothecene mycotoxins, causes economic losses in animal production. Little information is available on the toxicokinetic parameters of T-2 toxin and its major metabolites (i.e., HT-2 toxin and T-2 triol) in broiler chickens. In this study, toxicokinetics of T-2 toxin and its major metabolites were evaluated in broiler chickens after a single intravenous (0.5 mg/kg b.w.) and multiple oral administrations (2.0 mg/kg b.w., every 12 h for 2 days). Plasma concentration profiles of T-2 toxin and its metabolites were analyzed by a noncompartmental model method. Following intravenous administration, the terminal elimination half-lives (t1/2λz) of T-2 toxin, HT-2 toxin, and T-2 triol were 17.33 ± 1.07 min, 33.62 ± 3.08 min, and 9.60 ± 0.50 min, respectively. Following multiple oral administrations, no plasma levels above the limit of quantification were observed for HT-2 toxin. The t1/2λz of T-2 toxin and T-2 triol was 23.40 ± 2.94 min and 87.60 ± 29.40 min, respectively. Peak plasma concentrations (Cmax) of 53.10 ± 10.42 ng/mL (T-2 toxin) and 47.64 ± 9.19 ng/mL (T-2 triol) were observed at Tmax of 13.20 ± 4.80 min and 38.40 ± 15.00 min, respectively. T-2 toxin had a low absolute oral bioavailability (17.07%). Results showed that the T-2 toxin was rapidly absorbed and most of the T-2 toxin was extensively transformed to metabolites in broiler chickens. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
PubMed | Guangdong Laboratory Animals Monitoring Institute and Guangdong Dahuanong Animal Health Products Stock Co.
Type: | Journal: Journal of animal science and technology | Year: 2015
To meet the increasing demands of specific pathogen free (SPF) minipigs in biomedical researches, 8 pregnant Chinese Wuzhishan minipigs (WZSP) sows with clear background were chosen to obtain SPF WZSP by hysterectomy. At 1112days of the pregnancy, piglets were aseptically taken out from the sows and artificially suckled for 40 to 45days in the positive isolators. Then, the piglets defined as F0 were transferred to barrier environment and fed with standard feeds. The original SPF colony was formed for breeding by selected piglets from F0 group of 6-8 months old. Biological characteristics of SPF WZSP were collected and further compared to those of conventional (CV) WZSP, including growth performance, reproductive performance, hematology and blood biochemistry, and major pathogens detection. As a result, 61F0 piglets were obtained from 8 candidate sows, and 55 out of them survived. After strictly selection, 35F0 piglets were used to form the original SPF colony, which produced 14 litters of SPF piglets defined as F1. Piglet survival rates, growth performance, and reproductive performance of SPF WZSP were similar to CV WZSP. Some hematology and blood biochemistry parameters showed significant differences between SPF and CV WZSP. Eighteen kinds of pathogens were identified to be free in F0 and F1 SPF colony by repeated pathogen detections. In conclusion, we established a satisfied SPF WZSP colony maintaining original characteristics, free of controlled diseases, and being proved to be a suitable laboratory animal.