Guangdong Academy of Medical science

Guangzhou, China

Guangdong Academy of Medical science

Guangzhou, China
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Luo D.L.,Guangdong Academy of Medical science
Zhonghua xin xue guan bing za zhi | Year: 2017

目的: 研究血尿酸水平对肺高血压严重程度及其预后的预测价值。 方法: 选取2010年1月至2015年12月在广东省人民医院住院行左、右心导管确诊为肺高血压的患者[静息状态下右心导管监测的肺动脉平均压≥25 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)]作为肺高血压组,共173例。另选取因其他疾病行左、右心导管并排除肺高血压的患者作为对照组,共51例。收集入选者的基线资料并进行随访,随访中位数时间为24个月(6~71个月),定义心力衰竭死亡、心脏移植为终点事件。检测所有入选者的血尿酸、N末端B型利钠肽原(NT-proBNP)、血肌酐、血红蛋白等实验室检查指标。将患者的血尿酸水平及其他实验室指标与右心导管结果进行相关性分析。比较对照组及不同严重程度的肺高血压患者的血尿酸水平。分析尿酸作为疾病严重程度预测因子的敏感度和特异度,并将该临界值作为随访分析的分组指标,分析两组预后的差异。 结果: (1)实验室指标与右心导管指标的相关性分析结果:肺高血压组患者血尿酸与肺血管阻力、体循环阻力和右心房平均压呈正相关(r分别为0.398、0.244和0.26,P均<0.01),与心脏指数和混合静脉血氧饱和度呈负相关(r分别为-0.278和-0.322,P均<0.01)。肺高血压组患者血尿酸水平高于对照组(P<0.05),且重度肺高血压组高于轻中度肺高压组(P<0.05)。经ROC曲线计算发现,当血尿酸高于425.5 μmol/L时预测肺高血压患者预后敏感度和特异度较好(敏感度50%,特异度72%, ROC曲线下面积=0.617, 95%CI 0.532~0.703)。(2)肺高压患者血尿酸水平与预后的关系:以425.5 μmol/L为分界点,将肺高血压组患者分为高尿酸组(血尿酸>425.5 μmol/L,n=66)及低尿酸组(血尿酸≤425.5 μmol/L, n=107)。结果发现,高尿酸组较低尿酸组患者预后差(P=0.027)。且高尿酸组患者心脏指数和混合静脉血氧饱和度均较低尿酸组低(P均<0.01),NT-proBNP、右心房平均压、肺血管阻力和体循环阻力则均较低尿酸高(P<0.01或0.05)。 结论: 血尿酸水平与肺高血压严重程度具有明显的相关性,对肺高血压患者预后具有预测价值。.Objective: The growing body of literature showed a link between uric acid and pulmonary hypertension (PH), but the impact of hyperuremia on outcome of patients with PH has not been well defined. Therefore, the present study was performed to analyze the impact of uric acid on outcome of PH patients. Methods: One hundred seventy-three PH patients (112 females, mean age 38 years old), who were hospitalized in our department between January 2010 and December 2015, were included in our study, the PH diagnosis was made based on right heart catheterization examination result (mean pulmonary artery pressure≥25 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)). PH patients were divided into mild to moderate PH group (Rp/Rs≤0.6, n=97) and severe PH group (Rp/Rs>0.6, n=76). Fifty-one patients (33 females, mean age 45 years old) without PH based on right heart catheterization were included as control subjects. All participants were followed up for a median of 24 months(6-71 months). Clinical endpoints were defined as cardiogenic death or heart-and-lung transplantation. Results: Uric acid was positively correlated with pulmonary vascular resistance(r=0.398, P<0.01), systemic vascular resistance(r=0.244, P<0.01) and mean right atrial pressure (r=0.26, P<0.01), and was negatively correlated with cardiac index(r=-0.278, P<0.01)and mixed venous oxygen saturation (r=-0.322, P<0.01)in PH patients. Serum uric acid level was significantly higher in patients with severe PH than in patients with mild-to-moderate PH and the control subjects (both P<0.05). According to the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC), 425.5 μmol/L was found to be the best cut-off value of serum uric acid level to predict the outcome of PH patients (sensitivity 50%, specificity 72%). During follow-up, patients with higher level of uric acid (>425.5 μmol/L) were linked with poorer clinical outcome compared to patients with uric acid <425.5 μmol/L(P=0.027). Conclusion: Our findings suggests that uric acid is associated with the severity of PH and higher uric acid level serves as an important predictor for poor clinical outcome of PH patients.

Liang J.,Surgery Academy | Ji Q.,Nanjing University | Ji W.,Guangdong Academy of Medical science
Neuroscience Letters | Year: 2011

Noxious cold reduces pruritus and transient receptor potential ankyrin subfamily member 1 (TRPA1), a non-selective cation channel, is known as a noxious cold-activated ion channel. Recent findings implicated the involvement of TRPA1 in pain induced by endothelin-1 (ET-1). Therefore, we evaluated its potential role in pruritus induced by ET-1. We found that ruthenium red (RR; a nonselective TRP inhibitor) and AP18 (a TRPA1 antagonist) significantly increased scratching bouts caused by ET-1, while capsazepine (a TRPV1 antagonist) and morphine showed no effects in the ET-1-induced scratching response. However, RR and capsazepine significantly reduced scratching bouts caused by histamine. Our results suggested that activation of TRPA1 could suppress itch induced by ET-1 and this is not related to pain induced by ET-1. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Huang J.,Guangdong Academy of Medical science
Zhonghua gan zang bing za zhi = Zhonghua ganzangbing zazhi = Chinese journal of hepatology | Year: 2011

To investigate the efficacy of Telbivudine and Entecavir for therapy of HBeAg positive chronic hepatitis B for 52 weeks. In this random and control study, the efficacy of Telbivudine and Entecavir treatments were compared in 180 patients with HBeAg positive chronic hepatitis B.The patients were randomly assigned to a daily 600 mg Telbivudine treatment group or daily 0.5 mg Entecavir group for 52 weeks. At week 52, HBV DNA undetectable rate was better in the Entecavir-treated group than in the Telbivudine-treated group, but didn't reach statistical significance. The viral breakthrough rates were significantly lower in the Entecavir-treated group than in the Telbivudine-treated group (x2 = 4.09, P <0.05). The clearance and seroconversion of HBeAg and the mean reductions of HBeAg from baseline at week 52 were significantly greater in the telbivudine-treated group than in the entecavir-treated group (x(2) clearance = 4.63, x(2) seroconversion = 4.80, (t-mean) reductions = 2.02; P < 0.05). The HBeAg seroconversion rates were not associated with both baseline ALT and baseline HBV DNA in both groups (P more than 0.05). In Telbivudine-treated group, the HBeAg decline is more than 2 log at week 24, HBeAg decline is more than 1 log at week 12 and the HBeAg baseline were independent factors correlated to HBeAg seroconversion rates at week 52 by Binary Logistic analysis, and also in entecavir-treated group the HBeAg decline is more than 2 log at week 24, HBeAg decline is more than 2 log at week 36 and the HBeAg decline is more than 2 log at week 12 were independent factors correlated to HBeAg seroconversion rates at week 52. Significant difference of HBeAg seroconversion rates at week 52 existed between Telbivudine-treated group and Entecavir-treated group. Entecavir is significantly superior to Telbivudine with less resistance to nucleosides. HBeAg decline is more than 2 log at week 24 is the best predicting factor for HBeAg seroconversion at week 52.

Huang W.H.,Guangdong Academy of Medical science
Zhonghua yi xue za zhi | Year: 2011

To compare the safety, efficacy and their impact on stent graft positioning between rapid artificial cardiac pacing induced hypotension and sodium nitroprusside induced hypotension during thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). From September 2007 to February 2009, a randomized controlled trial as approved by the Ethics Committee of our hospital was conducted in 197 patients undergoing elective thoracic endovascular aortic repair of thoracic aortic dissection (n = 175) or aneurysm (n = 22). The patients were randomized into sodium nitroprusside group (n = 98) and rapid artificial cardiac pacing group (n = 99). During the localization and deployment of stent graft, hypotension was induced by intravenous sodium nitroprusside or rapid artificial cardiac pacing. Hemodynamics, landing precision (deviation from planned placement site), duration of procedure, renal function, neurocognitive function, incidence of endoleaks and paraplegia/hemiplegia were compared. Rapid artificial cardiac pacing was conducted without technical difficulty in all 99 patients. The level of hypotension (mm Hg, 1 mm Hg = 0.133 kPa) was most pronounced in the rapid artificial cardiac pacing group (47 ± 5 vs 82 ± 7, P = 0.003. Once rapid pacing ceased, blood pressure recovered more quickly to the preparing levels in the rapid artificial cardiac pacing group [(9 ± 2) s vs (481 ± 107) s, P < 0.01]. And the duration of procedure was also shorter in the rapid artificial cardiac pacing group [(94 ± 16) min vs (103 ± 24) min, P < 0.01]. Moreover, precise positioning and deployment was observed in rapid artificial cardiac pacing group versus to the sodium nitroprusside group (P < 0.01). There was no difference in renal function and neurocognitive function before and after the procedure in both groups. There was no difference in the incidences of endoleaks and paraplegia/hemiplegia between different groups (P > 0.05). As compared with sodium nitroprusside, rapid artificial cardiac pacing is safer in thoracic endovascular aortic repair. It shortens the endovascular procedure and enables more precise positioning and deployment of stent graft.

Liu Y.,Guangdong Academy of Medical science
Beijing da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Peking University. Health sciences | Year: 2011

To investigate distribution of CYP2C9, CYP3A4, VKORC1 and GGCX gene polymorphisms in the Han population of Guangdong. The subjects included were 970 Chinese Han patients who received long-term warfarin anticoagulant therapy orally after valve replacement in Guangdong General Hospital between 2000 and 2008. By selecting and analyzing the 12 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) loci, rs12572351 G>A, rs9332146 G>A, rs4917639 G>T, rs1057910 A>C (CYP2C9*3), rs1934967 G>T, rs1934968 G>A, rs2242480 T>C, rs2246709 G>A, rs9923231 C>T (VKORC1-1639 G>A), rs2359612 G>A (VKORC1*2), rs10871454 C>T, and rs699664 T>C, in 4 genes including CYP2C9, CYP3A4, VKORC1 and GGCX that were possibly correlated with warfarin pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics through literature retrieval, the distribution of mutation frequencies of the 12 SNPs loci in Chinese Han population were obtained systematically. SNaPshot technique was used to detect gene SNPs, Hardy-Weinberg genetic equilibrium test was used to test population representativeness. The allelic mutation frequency at CYP2C9 gene rs12572351 G>A, rs9332146 G>A, rs4917639 C>A, rs1057910 A>C (*3), rs1934967 G>T and rs1934968 G>A loci was 32.53%, 2.16%, 8.25%, 3.61%, 19.18% and 37.37%, respectively; the allelic mutation frequency at CYP3A4 gene rs2242480 T>C and rs2246709 G>A loci was 29.07% and 40.41%, respectively; the allelic mutation frequency at VKORC1 gene rs9923231 C>T, rs2359612 G>A and rs10871454 C>T SNPs loci was 87.99%, 87.94% and 91.34%, respectively; the allelic mutation frequency at GGCX gene rs699664 T>C locus was 31.86%. It is of important clinical significance in individualized warfarin therapy to systematically study distribution of mutation frequencies at 12 polymorphisms loci in 4 genes including CYP2C9, CYP3A4 , VKORC1 and GGCX related to warfarin pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics in the Chinese Han population receiving valve replacement.

Xie Y.B.,Guangdong Academy of Medical science
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University | Year: 2010

To study the status of and the factors contributing to Internet addiction among middle school students in Guangzhou. Cluster sampling method was used to recruit an urban middle school, a rural junior middle school and a rural senior high school to conduct the survey with the stressful life event questionnaire, the trait-oriented coping styles questionnaire and the Internet Addiction Test. The majority of respondents were classified as normal users of the Internet (n=1392, 89.2%), with 158 (10.2%) moderately and 10 (0.6%) severely addicted to the Internet. Fifty-eight students had never used the Internet. There were significant differences in gender, the father's education, the 4 dimensions of the stressful life event questionnaire and the coping styles between students with and without Internet addiction. Binary logistic analysis showed that the factors contributing to Internet addiction included passive coping styles, male gender and stressful life event experienced in family and interpersonal communication. The incidence of Internet addiction is high among middle school students in Guangzhou. Male students with stressful life events in family and interpersonal communication, poor education on the part of the father, and frequent use of negative coping styles are more likely to develop Internet addiction.

Xu D.,Guangdong Academy of Medical science
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University | Year: 2012

To compare the effects of propofol and inhalation anesthesia on the incidence of early postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in elderly patients undergoing noncardiac surgeries. PubMed, Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, Wanfang data and VIP Database (by October 2012) were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing propofol and inhalation anesthesia for their impact on the incidence of early POCD in elderly patients undergoing noncardiac surgeries. After data extraction and quality evaluation, Stata 12.0 software was used for statistical data analysis. Thirteen RCTs, including 2 comparing propofol with xenon, 7 comparing propofol with sevoflurane, and 4 comparing propofol with isoflurane were obtained, involving a total of 753 patients. The odds ratio of early POCD incidence between patients with propofol anesthesia and those with xenon anesthesia, sevoflurane anesthesia, and isoflurane anesthesia were 1.62 (95% CI 0.81-3.23, P=0.533), 0.67 (95% CI 0.39-1.14, P=0.830), and 0.20 (95% CI 0.08-0.50, P=0.925), respectively. Overall, the odds ratio of early POCD incidence between propofol anesthesia and inhalation anesthesia was 0.68 (95% CI 0.47-0.98, P=0.189). Egger's test showed a publication bias of the RCTs retrieved (P=0.011). Compared with inhalation anesthesia, propofol anesthesia is associated with a lower incidence of early POCD in elderly patients, but this conclusion needs to be further verified by more well-designed large-scale RCTs.

YU T.,Guangdong Academy of Medical science
Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University | Year: 2011

To investigate the expression and functional role of the small conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels in human atrial myocytes. We collected the right atrial appendage tissues from 8 patients with congenital heart defect with sinus rhythm undergoing open-heart surgery. Immunohistochemistry was performed to identify the expression of 3 isoforms of SK channel (SK1, SK2 and SK3). Using the classical two-step enzymatic isolation method, perforated patch clamp and conventional voltage-clamp techniques were performed to record the action potentials (APs) and the whole-cell Ca(2+)-activated K(+) current (I(K, Ca)) in the single atrial myocyte. We compared the changes in action potential duration (APD) before and after the application of a specific SK channels blocker apamin (100 nmol/L). Human atrial myocytes showed positivity for all the SK1, SK2 and SK3 isoform channels. Patch-clamp recording confirmed the presence of I(K,Ca), and apamin significantly prolonged APD at 90% repolarization (APD(90)), but produced no obvious effect on APD(50). The three isoforms of SK channels are all expressed in human atrial myocytes. SK channels play a prominent role in the late phase of repolarization in human atrial myocytes, which is distinct from their functional roles in neurons where they mediate the process of afterhyperpolarization following APs.

Zhang B.,Guangdong Academy of Medical science
Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association | Year: 2012

The urokinase receptor (uPAR) and its soluble form play a key role in the pathogenesis of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). The modification of uPAR pathological actions on podocytes will become an important task for the development of improved nephroprotective therapeutics. Here we show that podocyte uPAR expression can be reduced using amiloride. Amiloride has a significant role in the reduction of podocyte cell motility in vitro and proteinuria in mice. Amiloride inhibited the induction of uPAR protein and PLAUR messenger RNA (encoding uPAR) and with that it reduced uPAR-mediated β3 integrin activation in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated podocytes. Transwell migration assay and wound healing assay showed that directed and random podocyte motility of LPS-treated podocytes were increased and substantially reduced by amiloride. The off-target effect of amiloride was independent of its function as epithelial sodium channel blocker and different from triamterene. Amiloride was also effective in the LPS mouse model of transient proteinuria (LPS mice) and in the 5/6 nephrectomy rat FSGS model (NTX) by significantly inhibiting podocyte uPAR induction, reducing proteinuria. In addition, amiloride attenuated glomerulosclerosis, as determined by glomerulosclerotic index. Thus, our observations show that amiloride inhibits podocyte uPAR induction and reduces proteinuria in NTX rats and LPS mice. Given the pathological relevance of the uPAR-β3 integrin signaling axis in FSGS, amiloride may be utilized in patients with FSGS.

Li L.,Guangdong Academy of Medical science
Zhonghua er ke za zhi. Chinese journal of pediatrics | Year: 2011

To acquire more knowledge about neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE). Seven cases with neonatal lupus erythematosus who were seen in this hospital from 1990 to 2009 are reported in this paper and 87 cases reported previously from 1980 to now in China were reviewed. The clinical manifestations, serum autoantibodies, treatment and results of long-term follow-up are analyzed and summarized. Totally 94 cases were summarized. Male/female ratio was 48/46; 73 cases had skin rash; 23 had heart abnormality, among whom 13 had cardiac conductive problems including 8 cases of atrioventricular blockage (AVB) (3 degree I, 3 degree II and 2 degree III) and 5 cases of right bundle branch block cases (RBBB). Nine cases had anatomical abnormality including 5 cases of atrial septal defect (ASD), 2 cases of ventricular septal defect (VSD) and 2 cases of atrial enlargements. Forty-four cases had hematological problems including 28 with thrombocytopenia, 11 with leukocytopenia and 34 with anemia. Thirty cases had hepatic abnormality, including 24 liver dysfunction, 22 hepatomegaly, 6 splenomegaly and 3 cholestasis. Three cases had nephropathy; 3 had elevated creatine kinase; 2 had nervous disorder. Among the 94 cases, 86 (91.5%) were positive for anti-SSA, 51 (54.3%) anti-SSB, 16 anti-ds-DNA, 14 anti-U1-RNP, 13 anti-Sm (+), 6 anti-RNP and 4 anti-rRNP(+). Among the corresponding mothers, 39 cases (44.8%) were asymptomatic before pregnancy, 35 had SLE, 5 had SCLE, 3 had Sjogren syndrome, 2 had chilblain, photosensitivity and arthralgia, respectively, 1 had rheumatoid arthritis and 1 had psoriasis. During pregnancy, 8 mothers developed SLE. Totally 48 mothers (51.1%) suffered from LE. Together with 15 mothers who had transient skin rash during the pregnancy, there were 23 mothers (59%) who had new clinical manifestation among the 39 asymptomatic mothers. Twenty NLE cases accepted glucocorticoid treatment, 4 of them were treated with intravenous immunoglobulin. Sixty-eight cases were followed up for up to 12 years, 58 cases were healthy, 5 cases improved and 3 died. Two cases still had grade III AVB without pacemaker. NLE is a rare acquired autoimmune disease. Although nearly half of the mothers were asymptomatic before pregnancy, more than half of them developed LE or other symptoms. The clinical presentations in Chinese cases include a transient rash, cardiac lesion while grade III AVB was rare, hematological changes and liver impairments which were common but not serious. Anti-SSA and/or anti-SSB were the most related autoantibody. Most patients with NLE have relatively good prognosis.

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