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News Article
Site: http://www.greencarcongress.com/

« Researchers generate methane from CO2 in one light-driven step using engineered bacteria | Main | Technip signs agreement with BTG Bioliquids to design and build pyrolysis plants for biomass-to-oil production » In Europe, the new Volkswagen Tiguan can now be ordered with two new top engines: the new 2.0 TDI biturbo diesel with 176 KW / 240 PS; and the 2.0 TSI engine with output of 162 kW / 220 PS familiar from the Golf GTI. Both engines come with 4Motion all-wheel drive and a 7-speed dual-clutch gearbox (DSG) as standard. With the new biturbo, a four-cylinder turbodiesel direct-injection engine, Volkswagen offers the most powerful diesel in the segment. The way the Tiguan 2.0 TDI delivers its power is not only dynamic, but also efficient. For the sprint from 0 to 100 km/h the Tiguan biturbo needs no more than 6.5 seconds and it can reach a top speed of 228 km/h (142 mph); maximum torque is 500 N·m, available between 1,750 and 2,500 rpm. The top TDI consumes an average of just 6.4 l/100 km (37 mpg US), with corresponding CO emissions of 167 g/km. The 2.0 TSI gasoline engine with 162 kW / 220 PS also promises increased dynamic performance. With this engine the Tiguan accelerates from 0 to 100 km/h in 6.5 seconds and reaches a top speed of 220 km/h (137 mph). The maximum torque of 350 N·m is available between 1,500 and 4,000 rpm.


« Ricardo and GTI partner on new lower-emissions medium- and heavy-duty natural gas engine technologies for California | Main | Audi Brussels to produce exclusively e-tron quattro SUV, battery packs; A1 production moving to Spain » DuPont Industrial Biosciences (DuPont) and Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) have developed a new breakthrough process for the production of furan dicarboxylic methyl ester (FDME) from fructose. FDME is a high-purity derivative of furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA)—one of the 12 building blocks identified by the US Department of Energy that can be converted into a number of high-value, bio-based chemicals or materials that can deliver high performance in a number of applications. FDME has long been sought-after and researched, but has not yet been available at commercial scale and at reasonable cost. The new FDME technology is a more efficient and simple process than traditional conversion approaches and results in higher yields, lower energy usage and lower capital expenditures. This partnership brings together ADM’s expertise in fructose production and carbohydrate chemistry with DuPont’s biotechnology, chemistry, materials and applications expertise, all backed by a strong joint intellectual-property portfolio. One of the first polymers under development utilizing FDME is polytrimethylene furandicarboxylate (PTF), a novel polyester also made from DuPont’s proprietary Bio-PDO (1,3-propanediol). PTF is a 100-percent renewable and recyclable polymer that, when used to make bottles and other beverage packages, substantially improves gas-barrier properties compared to other polyesters. This makes PTF a good choice for customers in the beverage packaging industry looking to improve the shelf life of their products. ADM and DuPont are taking the initial step in the process of bringing FDME to market by moving forward on the scale-up phase of the project. The two companies are planning to build an integrated 60 ton-per-year demonstration plant in Decatur, Ill., which will provide potential customers with sufficient product quantities for testing and research.


News Article
Site: http://www.cemag.us/rss-feeds/all/rss.xml/all

Gerflor USA offers its Mipolam Bio-Control and BioControl Performance cleanroom flooring. The flooring, which is ISO 4 and ISO 3 certified, has been tested to measure impact on production environments, and for resistance to common cleanroom damage. Other flooring options include GTI, a highly durable tile available in an interlocking format and heat welded format for applications that require water tightness; and the Mipolam SPM Wall system, which allows for a water-tight installation from the wall to the floor. Gerflor USA will be exhibiting at   in New York, at Booth #1771.  ​Gerflor USA


News Article | September 4, 2016
Site: http://cleantechnica.com

Media, both social and antisocial, has been full of articles and first-person accounts with people raving about how much they love the experience of driving their electric cars. They talk about how wonderful it is to wake up to a full gas tank, how quiet it is, the instant and no-fuss torque, and how cheap electric cars are to operate. But what do electric car drivers miss about owning and driving gasoline cars? That’s an empty space, a void, a yawning chasm. This article tries to add some words to that side of the scale. This is one man’s personal and subjective list of things he regrets about the transition. That pleasurable and lengthy period of anticipation between when you slam your foot to the floor and actual acceleration commences. There’s just no buildup in electric cars, so all of the anticipation dwindles. Personally, I’m a creature of delayed gratification, so this really rankles. The smell of gasoline baked into hot tarmac at gas stations. Like the odour of diesel emissions, unfiltered Camel cigarettes, or the smell of hot tar being melted onto roofs, this really hits a nostalgic spot in my nostrils, even as my lungs collapse into hacking coughs. Sometimes I drive to gas stations to pump up my tires when they don’t need it just to inhale deeply of that intoxicating aroma. Slow warmth in the winter from waste heat. Like acceleration, the slow and gradual warming of a car as the engine throws off 70% of the energy in the fuel as waste heat is just part of the attraction. Instant-on heating with electrics just doesn’t have the same sensation. And trying to get the calibration right when you are basically just pushing cold air past a big, inefficient, thumping block of metal? There’s nothing like slowly and painfully learning the quirks of each car. Brakes that just get hot. This is like all of the waste heat that engines throw off, in that braking used to be something that was done solely by rubbing pads against rotors of various types, heating them up and making them warp when driven through water or cleaned. They used to do nothing else, and certainly not generate fuel. That exotic single purpose plus attendant waste was a delicious thing. The faux outrage at the expense of all of the repairs and maintenance. When I saw a muffler bill for hundreds of dollars, I could get red, stamp my feet and shout at the schlub behind the counter. It was all to no avail, but it made me feel good. Now, with electric cars, the opportunities to feel outraged, superior, and vent have diminished substantially! No brake jobs. No oil jobs, 17 point or otherwise. No muffler jobs. Thankfully, I have to replace the tires a bit more often due to all of that instant acceleration. Mysterious visits to the sales manager. Oh, the joys of sitting in a dealership waiting for a salesman to return with news about whether my latest bargaining ploy was accepted, rejected, or spun to their advantage. For that matter, add in all of the pleasant hours spent in dealerships trying to get past the thickets of upsells and the like. Barriers make eventual success all the sweeter, and one of the biggest barriers to owning a new car is the sales process. So sadly missed, now that Tesla has cruelly eliminated dealerships and allows me to pick exactly and only what I want, without fuss, muss, or haggling. Worrying about running out of battery. Accidentally leaving the lights or radio on used to mean a lengthy wait for the AAA truck. That was a deep learning experience, and a rite of passage for young people learning to drive. Now you can camp overnight in a Tesla with the air conditioning running all night and the battery barely budges. What’s the fun in that? Where’s the teachable moment? The health threats. Like smoking, it used to be that cars emitted nasty nitrous oxides, hydrocarbons, and particulate matter that could be smelt as they decreased my health and the health of my kids, family, and neighbours. It was my own little “fuck you” to the world and its namby pamby political correctness. Now my car emits nothing. It’s such a letdown. Although, it’s nice to be breathing better I guess. And yes, the noise. There’s nothing like the shame in coming home late at night after being disreputable and having the growl of your engine make your neighbours’ dogs bark and children cry. Being a faux rebel used to have consequences, and being antisocial used to be audible. Now, the cars and bikes just roll quietly along the street and into the driveway without disturbing a soul. Frankly, I secretly hate my neighbours, but don’t have the guts to just honk the horn loudly at 2:00 AM. My engine used to do that for me and I could pretend to be a good neighbour despite that. My passive aggressive streak has no outlet now. My attachment to obsolete brands. I used to love BMWs. I used to make fun of Porsches but secretly want one. I used to look at futuristic wedge-shaped Lamborghinis and Ferraris and drool. I used to care that Subaru’s were quirky, and think secretly that I should get one for that reason even though I loved my BMWs. Heck, the VW GTI used to make me interested, especially with its dual-clutch transmission. There are so many fewer interesting cars and manufacturers in the world. They are so obviously waiting out their death sentences with their noisy, inefficient, and sluggish drivetrains and their high centres of gravity. I just can’t get excited about them any more and while away the hours looking at car videos and magazines. Thankfully, there are Rimac and Tesla drag racing videos, but like all pornography, the clips are stale after they’ve been watched once. I really miss a lot of things about internal combustion cars. What do you miss about them? Share in the comments. 30 Reasons Your Next Car Should Be Electric   Drive an electric car? Complete one of our short surveys for our next electric car report.   Keep up to date with all the hottest cleantech news by subscribing to our (free) cleantech newsletter, or keep an eye on sector-specific news by getting our (also free) solar energy newsletter, electric vehicle newsletter, or wind energy newsletter.  


« Stanford team devises new bio-inspired strategy for using CO2 to produce multi-carbon compounds such as plastics and fuels | Main | How Ford’s autonomous research vehicles drive in the snow » The California Energy Commission awarded the Gas Technology Institute (GTI) a $1-million grant to demonstrate a production-intent advanced version of the Cummins Westport Inc. (CWI) ISB6.7 G natural gas engine. The advanced version engine meets the 2018 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Heavy-Duty On-Board Diagnostics (HD-OBD) requirements and will continue to meet California Air Resources Board’s (CARB’s) Optional Low NO 0.1 g/bhp-hr emissions level. This project lays the foundation for follow-on work to further reduce the NO emissions from the current 0.1 g/bhp-hr level by 90% to 0.02 g/bhp-hr, the lowest of the CARB Optional Low NO standards. The Energy Commission earlier funded CWI to develop a 6.7-liter stoichiometric spark ignited (SI) natural gas engine now referred to as the ISB6.7 G. This engine is scheduled for full production in April of 2016 and is suited for Class 5 through 7 commercial vehicle markets including pickup and delivery trucks, utility trucks, school buses, shuttle buses, yard tractors, and specialized municipal works vehicles such as street sweepers. The production launch of the ISB6.7 G will start with Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) partner Thomas Built Bus in the C2 school bus platform. Further integration work is required to expand the vehicle OEM offerings of this engine in the Medium-Heavy Duty market. US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and California Air Resource Board (CARB) require On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) to be implemented in heavy-duty alternative fueled vehicles for the 2018 model year. Heavy-duty diesel vehicles were required to implement OBD for model year 2013 vehicles while implementation in alternative fueled heavy duty vehicles was delayed till 2018 due to the development burden of this new level of diagnostics and the comparatively small volume of heavy-duty alternative fueled vehicles being manufactured. The OBD system monitors all emissions impacting components on the vehicle to ensure the vehicle remains below pre-determined emissions thresholds throughout the life of the vehicle. OBD also aides with the diagnosis of emissions related faults and repair of emissions equipment. This in turn protects the environment from excess emissions due to engine issues and prevents costly progressive engine damage. If an issue is detected by the OBD system, the operator is notified through a “Check Engine” warning on the vehicle dash and the operator is expected to bring the vehicle in for repair. The OBD system stores information about the fault and relays this information to a technician when connected to the engine control unit. This allows for more efficient troubleshooting and quicker and more accurate repairs. Development of HD-OBD to meet 2018 EPA & CARB regulations for alternative fueled heavy duty vehicles is required for continued sales and market expansion from 1 January 2018 and beyond. GTI and its subcontractor CWI will use the production model year 2016 ISB6.7 G SI natural gas engine and further develop an advanced version of this engine with HD-OBD to meet 2018 EPA & CARB regulations for alternative fueled heavy duty vehicles. A number of tasks will be completed to address integration issues currently preventing the ISB6.7 G from being utilized in vehicle OEM models such as street sweepers and shuttle buses. These tasks will further expand available engine options such as a remote mounted engine control unit (ECU) which allows the ISB6.7 G to work within existing vehicle chassis and also the compatibility with a hydrostatic drive which was utilized in street sweeper applications. This engine will then be deployed in a number of vehicles in multiple applications including street sweeper, shuttle bus and school bus in California where the development tasks conducted will be utilized in real world operation and validated over a variety of duty cycles applicable to those vehicles (i.e. Shuttle Bus, Sweeper, and School Bus) with the performance measured and assessed. CWI will be targeting existing end-users of CWI ISB6.7 G engines and also those that may currently be utilizing ISB6.7 diesel engines and wanting to convert their fleet to natural gas. The California Energy Commission also awarded GTI two grants totaling nearly $2 million to demonstrate new waste heat recovery systems for industrial furnaces and steam boilers. Joseph Gallo Farms received a $1-million grant to demonstrate a waste heat recovery system using advanced absorption chiller technology, and ergSol Inc. received a $1-million grant to demonstrate an integrated high-efficient solar thermal system in the Central Valley. The City of Petaluma received a $3 million grant to design and operate an anaerobic digestion system to produce 150,000 gasoline gallon equivalents of renewable natural gas from food and beverage waste and use the gas to fuel refuse trucks. The goal is to recycle waste and reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

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