Munoz-Ubeda M.,Grupo Quimica Coloidal y Supramolecular |
Misra S.K.,Indian Institute of Science |
Barran-Berdon A.L.,Grupo Quimica Coloidal y Supramolecular |
Aicart-Ramos C.,Complutense University of Madrid |
And 6 more authors.
Journal of the American Chemical Society | Year: 2011
The most important objective of the present study was to explain why cationic lipid (CL)-mediated delivery of plasmid DNA (pDNA) is better than that of linear DNA in gene therapy, a question that, until now, has remained unanswered. Herein for the first time we experimentally show that for different types of CLs, pDNA, in contrast to linear DNA, is compacted with a large amount of its counterions, yielding a lower effective negative charge. This feature has been confirmed through a number of physicochemical and biochemical investigations. This is significant for both in vitro and in vivo transfection studies. For an effective DNA transfection, the lower the amount of the CL, the lower is the cytotoxicity. The study also points out that it is absolutely necessary to consider both effective charge ratios between CL and pDNA and effective pDNA charges, which can be determined from physicochemical experiments. © 2011 American Chemical Society.