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Vergara D.M.B.,Grupo de Investigacion en Genetica | Vergara D.M.B.,National University of Colombia | Munoz M.F.C.,Grupo de Investigacion en Genetica | Munoz M.F.C.,University of Antioquia | And 4 more authors.
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias | Year: 2012

Objective: to estimate genetic parameters of weaning weight (WW) and weights at 12 (W12), 18 (W18), and 24 (W24) months of age, in buffalo populations of the Colombian tropical lowlands. Methods: both single-trait and multitrait animal models were used for (WW) and weights at various ages. The models included fixed effects for sex, parity, and contemporary groups (farm, season, and year), with the age of calves at weaning as a covariate. Random effects included direct and maternal genetics, permanent environment, and residual effects. Results: direct, maternal, and total heritabilities for WW were 0.45 ± 0.054, 0.28 ± 0.070 and 0.33. The genetic correlation between direct and maternal effects was -0.48 ± 0.089, suggesting there is a negative correlation between genes for growth and genes for maternity. Heritabilities for W12, W18, and W24 were 0.42, 0.42, and 0.41, respectively, showing high positive correlations among the three characteristics. Conclusion: estimated heritabilities suggest that selection for pre and postweaning growth is feasible in this population.

Angel-Marin P.A.,Grupo de Investigacion en Genetica | Angel-Marin P.A.,University of Antioquia | Cardona H.,Grupo de Investigacion en Genetica | Cardona H.,University of Antioquia | And 3 more authors.
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias | Year: 2010

Estimates of genetic diversity provide useful information on the genetic structure of animal populations, useful for the design of improvement strategies to impact traits of economic interest. They can also be used for implementing conservation and restoration policies regarding the sustainable use of genetic resources. The aim of this study was to characterize the genetic structure of buffalo population (Bubalus bubalis) in the most representative Colombian provinces by using 10 microsatellite markers. A total of 588 individuals were sampled from 12 buffalo herds. The MGTG7 and ETH225 microsatellites were monomorphic. Eighty seven alleles were observed for all the loci. The average number of alleles was 10.9 ± 3.6 and the effective average number of alleles was 3.9 ± 1.4. The PIC values ranged between 0.5 and 0.8, and the probability of exclusion over all loci was over 99.99%. The highest value for the Ho population was 0.68, and the lowest was 0.60. The GST value for the total loci was 0.062, indicating a very low level of genetic structure among subpopulations. Values for genetic distance between populations and racial groups were very low, suggesting there is still a genetic mix within buffalo herds in the analyzed population.

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