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Saint-Sauveur-en-Rue, France

Van Franeker J.A.,IMAResearch Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies | Danielsen J.,Noruri i Sundum 7 | Fairclough K.,Fairclough Ecological Orkney FEO Viewforth | Gollan J.,Kermouroux | And 10 more authors.
Environmental Pollution | Year: 2011

The abundance of plastics in stomachs of northern fulmars from the North Sea is used in the OSPAR Ecological Quality Objective (EcoQO) for marine litter. The preliminary EcoQO defines acceptable ecological quality as the situation where no more than 10% of fulmars exceed a critical level of 0.1 g of plastic in the stomach. During 2003-2007, 95% of 1295 fulmars sampled in the North Sea had plastic in the stomach (on average 35 pieces weighing 0.31 g) and the critical level of 0.1 g of plastic was exceeded by 58% of birds, with regional variations ranging from 48 to 78%. Long term data for the Netherlands since the 1980s show a decrease of industrial, but an increase of user plastics, with shipping and fisheries as the main sources. The EcoQO is now also used as an indicator for Good Environmental Status in the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive. © 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd. Source


Provost S.,Groupe Ornithologique Normand | Fournier J.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Fournier J.,French Natural History Museum | Begeot C.,University of Franche Comte
Alauda | Year: 2012

The Chiffchaff regularly visits the flower of several tree and shrub species to prey on insects. Therefore feathers at the base of bill and the forehead catch pollen. The feathers tend to coalesce and to form small balls called "pollen horns". Such pollen horns were collected during the prenuptial passage (15 March-May 1 st) in 2009 at a ringing station located at Carolles (Manche) in northwestern France. Among the captured individuals 28.7% (n = 303) were carrying pollen, but many of them carried pollen in too small amount to be collected. The analysis of pollen horns of 30 birds showed that Eucalyptus spp. represents 91.8% of the pollen present throughout the sampling period. It indicates that the Iberian Peninsula, known for its large plantations of Eucalyptus trees, provides important stopover sites for the spring migration of the Chiffchaff where the species complements its insectivorous diet with nectar. Source


The stafus of the Roseate Tern in France is that of a species in "critical danger of extinction". Breeding records were hitherto only known in Brittany. In Normandy the species is exceptional and was never seen breeding before. The discovery in 2011 of several nests in the ornithological reserve of Chausey was thus an event. An exceptional spatial shift of birds from Brittany is likely. Does this breeding record announce a settlement inNormandy? Source


The chalky cliffs of the Seine-Maritime coast is an unique breeding site for seabirds in France. In 2009 a new census on this coast was carried out. The results in 2009 are compared to those carried out in previous times by the Groupe Ornithologique Normand. Results are discussed according to species' biology, habitat characteristis and morphological features of the cliffs. In 2009 seven species have been found breeding: Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis, Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis, Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus, Herring Gull Larus argentatus, Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus and Black-legged Kittiwake Rissatridactyla. The general trend in species is decreasing. The most striking feature is that gulls have increasingly shifted their breeding sites to coastal cities since 1980. Source


The chalky cliffs of the Seine-Maritime coast is an unique breeding site for seabirds in France. In 2009 a new census on this coast was carried out. The results in 2009 are compared to those carried out in previous times by the Groupe Ornithologique Normand. Results are discussed according to species' biology, habitat characteristis and morphological features of the cliffs. In 2009 seven species have been found breeding: Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis, Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis, Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus, Herring Gull Larus argentatus, Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus and Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla. The general trend in species is decreasing. The most striking feature is that gulls have increasingly shifted their breeding sites to coastal cities since 1980. Source

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