Saint-Pierre-Église, France
Saint-Pierre-Église, France

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Van Franeker J.A.,Wageningen University | Danielsen J.,Noruri i Sundum 7 | Fairclough K.,Fairclough Ecological Orkney FEO Viewforth | Gollan J.,Kermouroux | And 10 more authors.
Environmental Pollution | Year: 2011

The abundance of plastics in stomachs of northern fulmars from the North Sea is used in the OSPAR Ecological Quality Objective (EcoQO) for marine litter. The preliminary EcoQO defines acceptable ecological quality as the situation where no more than 10% of fulmars exceed a critical level of 0.1 g of plastic in the stomach. During 2003-2007, 95% of 1295 fulmars sampled in the North Sea had plastic in the stomach (on average 35 pieces weighing 0.31 g) and the critical level of 0.1 g of plastic was exceeded by 58% of birds, with regional variations ranging from 48 to 78%. Long term data for the Netherlands since the 1980s show a decrease of industrial, but an increase of user plastics, with shipping and fisheries as the main sources. The EcoQO is now also used as an indicator for Good Environmental Status in the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive. © 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd.


Provost S.,Groupe Ornithologique Normand | Fournier J.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Fournier J.,French Natural History Museum | Begeot C.,University of Franche Comte
Alauda | Year: 2012

The Chiffchaff regularly visits the flower of several tree and shrub species to prey on insects. Therefore feathers at the base of bill and the forehead catch pollen. The feathers tend to coalesce and to form small balls called "pollen horns". Such pollen horns were collected during the prenuptial passage (15 March-May 1 st) in 2009 at a ringing station located at Carolles (Manche) in northwestern France. Among the captured individuals 28.7% (n = 303) were carrying pollen, but many of them carried pollen in too small amount to be collected. The analysis of pollen horns of 30 birds showed that Eucalyptus spp. represents 91.8% of the pollen present throughout the sampling period. It indicates that the Iberian Peninsula, known for its large plantations of Eucalyptus trees, provides important stopover sites for the spring migration of the Chiffchaff where the species complements its insectivorous diet with nectar.


A project to set up a wind farm in the French territory should take into consideration the risks the latter may pose to the avifauna, and this all the more so when it is situated in a priority area, a so-called ZPS. Once this park is fully operating, a pertinent thing to do is to verify whether the sensed risks are factual or not. Cap Fagnet is situated on a major postnuptial migratory route used by the Nordic passerines. The observation of the birds' behaviour when they are migrating during the day has revealed that the main flow of these migratory birds always positioned itself facing the park. The birds never anticipated the presence of the windmills, in spite of the fact that the latter were visible from a great distance. Their disoriented trajectories mean that the blades' movements are only perceived upon arrival at the park. When the machines are running, almost all the birds will clearly deviate from their itinerary and fly around the park; when they are stopped, half of them will cross the park. The search for possible dead birds lying next to the windmills has led us to devise simple and efficient procedures that are easily applicable to other parks. Only three bodies of dead birds belonging to different species were discovered, two of them being mainly nocturnal migratory birds. Considering the great number of birds passing through, their mortality rates in this park appear to be relatively low. However, should the number of wind farms constructed along narrow migratory routes increase, birds flying around them will suffer added stress and consumption of reserves. The accumulation of these hazards may compromise the full completion of their migration. Therefore impact studies should take account of all the projects situated along each particular migratory path.


A pair of Spoonbill and one of Glossy Ibis were found breeding for the first time at the Tourbiere de Baupte in Normandy in 2014. These two pairs nested among a mixed colony of herons (Grey Heron, Little Egret, Cattle Egret, Great Egret) located in a willow plantation of a flooded peat bog. A five-week old Spoonbill was recorded on 19 June. The nest of the Glossy Ibis has not been located. In 2015 the Spoonbill nested again but the Glossy Ibis has not been recorded.


The chalky cliffs of the Seine-Maritime coast is an unique breeding site for seabirds in France. In 2009 a new census on this coast was carried out. The results in 2009 are compared to those carried out in previous times by the Groupe Ornithologique Normand. Results are discussed according to species' biology, habitat characteristis and morphological features of the cliffs. In 2009 seven species have been found breeding: Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis, Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis, Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus, Herring Gull Larus argentatus, Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus and Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla. The general trend in species is decreasing. The most striking feature is that gulls have increasingly shifted their breeding sites to coastal cities since 1980.


The chalky cliffs of the Seine-Maritime coast is an unique breeding site for seabirds in France. In 2009 a new census on this coast was carried out. The results in 2009 are compared to those carried out in previous times by the Groupe Ornithologique Normand. Results are discussed according to species' biology, habitat characteristis and morphological features of the cliffs. In 2009 seven species have been found breeding: Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis, Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo, European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis, Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus, Herring Gull Larus argentatus, Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus and Black-legged Kittiwake Rissatridactyla. The general trend in species is decreasing. The most striking feature is that gulls have increasingly shifted their breeding sites to coastal cities since 1980.


The stafus of the Roseate Tern in France is that of a species in "critical danger of extinction". Breeding records were hitherto only known in Brittany. In Normandy the species is exceptional and was never seen breeding before. The discovery in 2011 of several nests in the ornithological reserve of Chausey was thus an event. An exceptional spatial shift of birds from Brittany is likely. Does this breeding record announce a settlement inNormandy?

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