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Allard M.A.,Groupe Hospitalier Of Hopitaux Universitaires Paris Sud | Allard M.A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Allard M.A.,Groupe Hospitalier Of Hopitaux Universitaires Paris Sud | Saffroy R.,Groupe Hospitalier Of Hopitaux Universitaires Paris Sud | And 23 more authors.
Targeted Oncology | Year: 2015

Recent data showed that metastatic colorectal (mCRC) tumors exhibiting extended RAS-BRAF mutations were resistant to anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) monoclonal antibodies, making these drugs suitable for the so-called “super” wild-type (WT) patients only. This study aimed to compare the extended RAS-BRAF mutation frequency and characteristics according to location of tumor sampling. All consecutive mCRC specimens (N = 1659) referred to our institution from January 2008 till June 2014 were included in the analysis. Tumor genotyping (first for KRAS exon 2, then for BRAF exon 15, and later for KRAS exons 2, 3, and 4 and NRAS exons 2, 3, and 4) was performed with high-resolution melting analysis or allelic discrimination. The factors predicting for the presence of mutation were explored using multivariate binary logistic regression. Overall, the prevalence of KRAS exon 2 was 36.8 %, and it was lower in liver metastases (N = 138/490; 28.2 %) in comparison with primary tumors (N = 442/1086; 40.7 %), lung metastases (16/32; 50 %), or other metastatic sites (15/51; 29.4 %; P < 0.0001). Similarly, in the 1428 samples analyzed, BRAF mutations were less often found in liver metastases (N = 9/396; 2.3 %) as compared to primary tumors (N = 79/959; 8.2 %), lung metastases (N = 2/29; 6.9 %), or other metastatic locations (N = 2/44; 4.5 %; P < 0.0002). Overall occurrence of extended RAS mutation was 51.7 %. Of the 503 samples tested, the prevalence of extended RAS-BRAF mutations was twice as low in liver metastases (N = 53/151; 34.2 %) as compared to primary tumors (N = 191/322; 59.3 %, P < 0.0001). Univariate analysis identified age ≤65 years, male gender, and liver localization as predictors of super WT status. At multivariate analysis, only liver metastases were retained (RR 2.85 [95 % CI 1.91–4.30]). Colorectal liver metastases are twice as likely to exhibit a super WT genotype as compared to other tumor locations independently from other factors. This molecular feature has the potential to influence therapeutic strategy in mCRC patients. © 2014, Springer International Publishing Switzerland. Source

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