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O'Brien S.,University of Houston | Rizzieri D.A.,Duke University | Vey N.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | Ravandi F.,University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center | And 9 more authors.
British Journal of Haematology | Year: 2012

Elacytarabine is a novel cytotoxic nucleoside analogue, independent of nucleoside transporters (e.g. human Equilibrative Nucleoside Transporter 1 [hENT1]) for cell uptake, and mechanisms of action similar to those of cytarabine. This Phase II study assessed the efficacy and safety of elacytarabine in patients with advanced stage acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Patients received 2000 mg/m 2 per d continuously i.v. during days 1-5 every 3 weeks. Patients were matched by six risk factors with historical controls; remission rate (assessed after 1 or 2 cycles) and 6-month survival were compared. Sixty-one patients, median age 58 years, were enrolled; 52% had five or six risk factors. The remission rate was 18% (95% confidence interval: 9-30%) vs. 4% in controls (P < 0·0001), 6-month survival rate was 43%, median overall survival was 5·3 months (vs. 1·5 months); 10 patients (16%) were referred for stem cell transplantation after treatment. Side effects were predictable and manageable. The most common grade 3/4 non-haematological adverse events were febrile neutropenia, hypokalemia, fatigue, hyponatraemia, dyspnoea and pyrexia. Thirty-day all-cause mortality, after start of treatment, was 13% vs. 25% in controls. Elacytarabine has monotherapy activity in patients with advanced AML. This study provides proof-of-concept that lipid esterification of nucleoside analogues is clinically relevant. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Khellaf M.,University Paris Est Creteil | Viallard J.-F.,CHU Haut Leveque | Hamidou M.,Nantes University Hospital Center | Cheze S.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | And 16 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2013

Romiplostim and eltrombopag, the first thrombopoietic receptor-agonists with demonstrated efficacy against immune thrombocytopenia in prospective controlled studies, were recently authorized in most countries for adults with chronic immune thrombocytopenia. So far, no data are available about the potential contribution of switching from romiplostim to eltrombopag or vice versa in terms of efficacy or tolerance. Efficacies and tolerance profiles were evaluated for 46 patients who sequentially received both drugs, switching from one to the other. The reasons for switching were: lack of efficacy for 23 patients, platelet-count fluctuations for 11, side effects for 4, and 8 patients' preferences. For 50-80% of the patients, switching from romiplostim to eltrombopag or eltrombopag to romiplostim effectively impacted the platelet count, with fluctuations disappearing in 54% and side effects resolved in 100%. In 80% of the patients, the 2 thrombopoietic receptor-agonists achieved similar response patterns. Our results confirmed that switching from one thrombopoietic receptor-agonist to the other could be beneficial in clinical practice for patients with severe chronic immune thrombopenia who failed to respond or experienced adverse events to the first. © 2013 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

Le Bras F.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | Sebert M.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | Kelaidi C.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | Lamy T.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | And 27 more authors.
Leukemia Research | Year: 2011

We treated 95 RBC transfusion dependent lower risk MDS with del 5q with Lenalidomide (10 mg/day, 3 weeks/4 weeks). Median age was 70.4, median interval from diagnosis 29 months. IPSS was low in 31% and intermediate-1 in 69% patients. Del 5q was isolated, with 1 additional and >1 additional abnormality in 79%, 14%, and 6% patients, respectively. 62 (65%) patients achieved transfusion independence (TI). The only significant factor predicting TI was baseline platelet count >150. G/L and platelet decrease by at least 50% during the first weeks of treatment (p= 0.001). Grade III-IV neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were seen in 74% and 37.9% of the cases, respectively, and 3 deaths were attributed to cytopenias. Eight (8%) patients developed deep venous thrombosis (DVT). Platelet decrease by less than 50% predicted a higher risk of DVT. Only 6 patients (6.3%) patients progressed to AML, but median follow-up time was short (18 months). We confirm the high rate of TI with Lenalidomide in lower risk MDS with del 5q. Very close patient monitoring for cytopenias and DVT is mandatory, especially during the first weeks of treatment. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Kelaidi C.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | Stamatoullas A.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | Beyne-Rauzy O.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | Raffoux E.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | And 16 more authors.
Haematologica | Year: 2010

Background: There is little published information on the everyday clinical management of myelodysplastic syndromes in real world practice. Design and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of all patients with myelodysplastic syndromes attending 74 French centers in a 1-week period for inpatient admission, day-hospital care or outpatient visits. Results: Nine hundred and seven patients were included; 67.3% had lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (International Prognostic Scoring System: low or intermediate-1). Karyotype had been analyzed in 82.5% of the cases and was more often of intermediate or poor risk in patients under 65 years old compared with those who were older. Red blood cell transfusions accounted for as many as 31.4% of the admissions. Endogenous erythropoietin level was less than 500 IU/L in 88% of the patients tested. Erythroid stimulating agents had been or were being used in 36.8% of the lower risk patients, iron chelation in 31% of lower risk patients requiring red blood cell transfusions and lenalidomide in 41% of lower risk patients with del 5q. High-dose chemotherapy, hypomethylating agents, low dose cytarabine and allogeneic stem cell transplantation had been or were being used in 14.8%, 31.1%, 8.8% and 5.1%, respectively, of higher-risk patients. Conclusions: Karyotype is now assessed in most patients with myelodysplastic syndromes, and patients under 65 years old may have more aggressive disease. Apart from erythroid-stimulating agents and, in higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes, hypomethylating agents, specific treatments are used in a minority of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes and red blood cell transfusions still represent the major reason for hospital admission. © 2010 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

Kelaidi C.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | Park S.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | Sapena R.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | Beyne-Rauzy O.,Groupe Francophone des Myelodysplasies GFM | And 16 more authors.
Leukemia | Year: 2013

A large proportion of lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) respond to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA), but most responses are transient. We updated a previously reported cohort of lower-risk MDS patients treated with ESA and analyzed outcomes after ESA failure. In 120 patients with primary resistance and 66 patients with relapse after an initial response to ESA, the 5-year cumulative incidence of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after failure was 18.9% and 11.6%, respectively (P=0.20). Median overall survival (OS) after failure was 40.1 and 44.9 months (P=0.35), respectively. We further categorized patients as 'early failures' (including resistance and relapse after <6 months of response), or 'later failures' (that is, relapse after ≥6 months). The 5-year cumulative incidence of AML and median OS after failure in early and later failure were 21.6% and 9% (P=0.02) and 36.7 and 54.3 months (P=0.02), respectively. Early failure to ESA and a baseline diagnosis of refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB)-1 were independent prognostic factors for AML progression and, along with trisomy 8, for shorter OS. Median OS from treatment onset was 40, 90.7 and 65.8 months in early failure, later failure and no relapse, respectively (P=0.001). Lower-risk MDS with early failure to ESA have a relatively unfavorable outcome, and should be offered alternative treatments. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

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