Abiteboul D.,Groupe dEtude sur les Risques dExposition des Soignants Aux Agents Infectieux GERES |
Abiteboul D.,Center Hospitalier University Bichat Claude Bernard |
Pellissier G.,Groupe dEtude sur les Risques dExposition des Soignants Aux Agents Infectieux GERES |
Tosini W.,Groupe dEtude sur les Risques dExposition des Soignants Aux Agents Infectieux GERES |
And 2 more authors.
Revue Francophone des Laboratoires | Year: 2010
Hospital and laboratory staff are exposed to a variety of pathogenic microorganisms. Accidental parenteral inoculation is a leading cause of infection in these settings, and hepatitis viruses and HIV are the bloodborne pathogens of greatest concern. Blood sampling carries a significant risk of needlestick injury and infection. This risk is well documented in hospitals, but few data are available on medical laboratory staff. Only one study has focused on this specific activity in medical laboratories, examining the devices used and the degree of risk. Accidental blood exposure appears to be more frequent among medical laboratory staff than hospital nursing staff. Control measures were implemented later in laboratories than in hospital wards, and there is a continuing need for safety programs in all laboratories where potentially infectious materials are handled, with training, safe sharps disposal, blood exposure surveillance, implementation of safer practices based on Standard Precautions, use of protective equipment, and post-exposure management. © 2010 - Elsevier Masson SAS - Tous droits réservés.