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Grenoble, France

Grenoble Graduate School of Business is an educational institution within Grenoble Ecole de Management; it is internationally focused, and is the English language division of the business school. It is situated in the Europole area, next to the World Trade Center of Grenoble. Grenoble Ecole de Management is one of the few business schools to possess the three accreditations that distinguish the leading international business schools: European Quality Improvement System , The Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business and The Association of MBAs .Its international programs in particular have been well ranked by the international business press. It garners its international reputation mainly from the prestigious Master of International Business program which has been ranked 13th Best Master in Management in the world by the Financial Times in 2012 and the Master of Science in Finance which has been ranked 7th worldwide in the Financial Times' 2012 Masters in Finance pre-experience ranking. It has affiliations with the Management Development Institute of Singapore and the London School of Business and Finance. Wikipedia.

Mangematin V.,Grenoble Graduate School of Business | Walsh S.,University of New Mexico

Nanotechnology is the first major worldwide research initiative of the 21st century. Nanotechnologies are applied to cross industrial problems and are a general purpose technology that acts as both a basis for technology solutions or at the convergence of other enabling technologies, like biotechnologies, computational sciences, physical sciences, communication technologies, cognitive sciences, social psychology and other social sciences. Nanotechnologies are pervasive solution vectors in our economic environment. It is necessary to develop new methods to assess nanotechnologies development to better understand nanotechnology based innovation. As general purpose and enabling technologies, nanotechnologies reveal commercialization processes, from start-ups to large firms in collaboration with public sector research, and which lead to changing patterns of industrial organization which influence public policy initiatives to foster their development. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Bohnsack R.,University of Amsterdam | Pinkse J.,Grenoble Graduate School of Business | Kolk A.,University of Amsterdam
Research Policy

Sustainable technologies challenge prevailing business practices, especially in industries that depend heavily on the use of fossil fuels. Firms are therefore in need of business models that transform the specific characteristics of sustainable technologies into new ways to create economic value and overcome the barriers that stand in the way of their market penetration. A key issue is the respective impact of incumbent and entrepreneurial firms' path-dependent behaviour on the development of such new business models. Embedded in the literature on business models, this paper explores how incumbent and entrepreneurial firms' path dependencies have affected the evolution of business models for electric vehicles. Based on a qualitative analysis of electric vehicle projects of key industry players over a five-year period (2006-2010), the paper identifies four business model archetypes and traces their evolution over time. Findings suggest that incumbent and entrepreneurial firms approach business model innovation in distinctive ways. Business model evolution shows a series of incremental changes that introduce service-based components, which were initially developed by entrepreneurial firms, to the product. Over time there seems to be some convergence in the business models of incumbents and entrepreneurs in the direction of delivering economy multi-purpose vehicles. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Pinkse J.,Grenoble Graduate School of Business | Bohnsack R.,University of Amsterdam | Kolk A.,University of Amsterdam
Journal of Product Innovation Management

In the automotive industry, the need to move toward more sustainable trajectories of innovation has received much attention. Car manufacturers have started to develop lower emission alternatives for the internal combustion engine, particularly electric, hybrid, and fuel-cell vehicles. They face the challenge, however, of how to make a potentially disruptive, systemic, and societally embedded technology such as a low-emission vehicle attractive to mainstream customers. While literature has suggested that companies can empower the initial stages of disruptive innovation by creating protected spaces themselves and/or by taking advantage of such spaces created by public actors, the specific role of these different types of protection levers - private and/or public - has remained unclear. This article therefore investigates to what extent and how private and public protection levers affect firm-level strategies to increase the attractiveness of disruptive and systemic innovations to mainstream customers. This is explored empirically through a multiple case study of the emergence of low-emission vehicles within three car manufacturers - Daimler, General Motors, and Toyota - in the context of European, Japanese, and U.S. policies. The empirical analysis is conducted on a data set consisting of more than 9000 articles from two trade magazines, a car magazine and a financial newspaper for the period of 1997-2010. As main findings, the article identifies regulation, tax incentives, and public-private partnerships as the public protection levers that impose or stimulate "new" performance metrics such as fuel economy and vehicle emissions. It also finds that resource allocation, niche occupation, and collaboration-integration act as the main private protection levers. In addition, two protection levers emerge from the data that are rather prominent in this context: the use of regulation imposing large-scale commercialization of low-emission vehicles and dumping of products in the market below cost price. The article concludes with two different protection trajectories - a public protection trajectory and a private protection trajectory - which explain how car manufacturers leverage the various protection levers to deal with disruptive technology. The main implication of the two trajectories is that while the public protection trajectory stalled due to the systemic, socially embedded technological impediments of electric vehicles and fuel-cell vehicles, the private protection trajectory picked up the remains of the public protection trajectory and has gained momentum, continuing until today. © 2013 Product Development & Management Association. Source

Oshri I.,Center for Global Sourcing and Services | Kotlarsky J.,Aston University | Gerbasi A.,Grenoble Graduate School of Business
Journal of Strategic Information Systems

There is growing evidence that client firms expect outsourcing suppliers to transform their business. Indeed, most outsourcing suppliers have delivered IT operational and business process innovation to client firms; however, achieving strategic innovation through outsourcing has been perceived to be far more challenging. Building on the growing interest in the IS outsourcing literature, this paper seeks to advance our understanding of the role that relational and contractual governance plays in achieving strategic innovation through outsourcing. We hypothesized and tested empirically the relationship between the quality of client-supplier relationships and the likelihood of achieving strategic innovation, and the interaction effect of different contract types, such as fixed-price, time and materials, partnership and their combinations. Results from a pan-European survey of 248 large firms suggest that high-quality relationships between clients and suppliers may indeed help achieve strategic innovation through outsourcing. However, within the spectrum of various outsourcing contracts, only the partnership contract, when included in the client contract portfolio alongside either fixed-price, time and materials or their combination, presents a significant positive effect on relational governance and is likely to strengthen the positive effect of the quality of client-supplier relationships on strategic innovation. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Source

Lager T.,Grenoble Graduate School of Business | Storm P.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology
R and D Management

The process industries span several industrial sectors such as minerals and metals, pulp and paper, food and beverages, chemicals and petrochemicals, utilities and generic pharmaceuticals, and thus constitute a considerable part of all manufacturing industry. Application development, as an institutionalised function in process industry firms, focuses on bridging the gap between a product supplier's knowledge of the product's performance scope and the customer's knowledge of its own production process requirements. In an exploratory survey of major process firms in the Swedish process industries, the importance of application development to firms was judged to be very high, but there also seemed to be a window of opportunity for improvements. The most important driver was 'an opportunity to establish long-term sustainable customer relationships and to secure future product sales'. Expected customer outcomes differed substantially between firms. As extremes, one firm expected 80% of application development to give the customers improved products, while the other extreme expected only improved customer process technology. Because most of the firms in the study population had customers on a global market, it is argued that the research findings may be relevant and of value also to the larger worldwide population of interest. © 2013 The Authors. R&D Management © 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Source

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