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Durisi G.,Chalmers University of Technology | Koch T.,Charles III University of Madrid | Koch T.,Gregorio Maranon Health Research Institute | Ostman J.,Chalmers University of Technology | And 2 more authors.
IEEE Transactions on Communications | Year: 2016

Motivated by the current interest in ultra-reliable, low-latency, machine-type communication systems, we investigate the tradeoff between reliability, throughput, and latency in the transmission of information over multiple-antenna Rayleigh block-fading channels. Specifically, we obtain finite-blocklength, finite-SNR upper and lower bounds on the maximum coding rate achievable over such channels for a given constraint on the packet error probability. Numerical evidence suggests that our bounds delimit tightly the maximum coding rate already for short blocklengths (packets of about 100 symbols). Furthermore, our bounds reveal the existence of a tradeoff between the rate gain obtainable by spreading each codeword over all available time-frequency-spatial degrees of freedom, and the rate loss caused by the need of estimating the fading coefficients over these degrees of freedom. In particular, our bounds allow us to determine the optimal number of transmit antennas and the optimal number of time-frequency diversity branches that maximize the rate. Finally, we show that infinite-blocklength performance metrics such as the ergodic capacity and the outage capacity yield inaccurate throughput estimates. © 2015 IEEE.

Song Y.,University of Paderborn | Schreier P.J.,University of Paderborn | Ramirez D.,Charles III University of Madrid | Ramirez D.,Gregorio Maranon Health Research Institute | Hasija T.,University of Paderborn
Signal Processing | Year: 2016

This paper is concerned with the analysis of correlation between two high-dimensional data sets when there are only few correlated signal components but the number of samples is very small, possibly much smaller than the dimensions of the data. In such a scenario, a principal component analysis (PCA) rank-reduction preprocessing step is commonly performed before applying canonical correlation analysis (CCA). We present simple, yet very effective, approaches to the joint model-order selection of the number of dimensions that should be retained through the PCA step and the number of correlated signals. These approaches are based on reduced-rank versions of the Bartlett-Lawley hypothesis test and the minimum description length information-theoretic criterion. Simulation results show that the techniques perform well for very small sample sizes even in colored noise. © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Guzman B.G.,Charles III University of Madrid | Serrano A.L.,Charles III University of Madrid | Serrano A.L.,Gregorio Maranon Health Research Institute | Gil Jimenez V.P.,Charles III University of Madrid
IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics | Year: 2015

In this paper, a novel cooperative transmission and reception scheme in Visible Light Communications (VLC) is proposed and evaluated. This new scheme provides improvements and reliability in large indoor scenarios, such as corridors, laboratories, shops or conference rooms, where the coverage needs to be obtained by using different access points when VLC is used. The main idea behind the proposal is a simple cooperative transmission scheme where the receiver terminal will obtain the signal from different access points at the same time. This proposal outperforms traditional VLC schemes, especially in Non-Line-of-Sight reception where around 3 dB of gain, with respect to traditional schemes, can be obtained for unoptimized parameters, and larger than 3 dB could easily be achieved. The cooperation is studied in terms of the percentage of light coming from the main access point and a parameter called sidelobes' amplitude level. The performance is evaluated according to the location within the atto-cell. © 2015 IEEE.

Stinner M.,TU Munich | Olmos P.M.,Charles III University of Madrid | Olmos P.M.,Gregorio Maranon Health Research Institute
IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications | Year: 2016

An analysis of spatially coupled low-density parity-check (SC-LDPC) codes constructed from protographs is proposed. Given the protograph used to generate the SC-LDPC code ensemble, a set of scaling parameters to characterize the average finite-length performance in the waterfall region is computed. The error performance of structured SC-LDPC code ensembles is shown to follow a scaling law similar to that of unstructured randomly constructed SC-LDPC codes. Under a finite-length perspective, some of the most relevant SC-LDPC protograph structures proposed to date are compared. The analysis reveals significant differences in their finite-length scaling behavior, which is corroborated by simulation. Spatially coupled repeat-accumulate codes present excellent finite-length performance, as they outperform in the waterfall region SC-LDPC codes of the same rate and better asymptotic thresholds. © 2015 IEEE.

Pries A.,University of Paderborn | Ramirez D.,Charles III University of Madrid | Ramirez D.,Gregorio Maranon Health Research Institute | Schreier P.J.,University of Paderborn
ICASSP, IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing - Proceedings | Year: 2016

One approach to spectrum sensing for cognitive radio is the detection of cyclostationarity. We extend an existing multi-antenna detector for cyclostationarity proposed by Ramírez et al. [1], which makes no assumptions about the noise beyond being (temporally) wide-sense stationary. In special cases, the noise could be uncorrelated among antennas, or it could be temporally white. The performance of a general detector can be improved by making use of a priori structural information. We do not, however, require knowledge of the exact values of the temporal or spatial noise covariances. We develop an asymptotic generalized likelihood ratio test and evaluate the performance by simulations. © 2016 IEEE.

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