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Yongin, South Korea

Oh H.-M.,Seoul National University | Oh H.-M.,Inha University | Cho Y.-J.,Seoul National University | Kim B.K.,Seoul National University | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Bacteriology | Year: 2010

Leuconostoc kimchii IMSNU 11154, isolated from kimchi, a traditional Korean fermented food, is known to be an important antimicrobial lactic acid bacterium with probiotic potential. Here we announce the complete genome sequence of L. kimchii IMSNU 11154 consisting of a 2,101,787-bp chromosome and five plasmids. The strain has genes for dextran formation from sucrose and for mannitol formation from fructose. Antimicrobial and antioxidative functions of L. kimchii IMSNU 11154 could be attributed to a leucosin B-like peptide and multiple enzymes to reduce hydrogen peroxide and oxidized thiols, respectively. Copyright © 2010, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved. Source


Abbasi N.,Myongji University | Kim H.B.,Myongji University | Park N.-I.,Myongji University | Kim H.-S.,Myongji University | And 3 more authors.
Plant Journal | Year: 2010

Pumilio, an RNA-binding protein that contains tandemly repeated Puf domains, is known to repress translational activity in early embryogenesis and polarized cells of non-plant species. Although Pumilio proteins have been characterized in many eukaryotes, their role in plants is unknown. In the present study, we characterized an Arabidopsis Pumilio-encoding gene, APUM23. APUM23 is constitutively expressed, with higher levels in metabolically active tissues, and its expression is up-regulated in the presence of either glucose or sucrose. The T-DNA insertion mutants apum23-1 and apum23-2 showed slow growth, with serrated and scrunched leaves, an abnormal venation pattern, and distorted organization of the palisade parenchyma cells - a phenotype that is reminiscent of nucleolin and ribosomal protein gene mutants. Intracellular localization studies indicate that APUM23 predominantly localizes to the nucleolus. Based on this localization, rRNA processing was examined. In apum23, 35S pre-rRNA, and unprocessed 18S and 5.8S poly(A) rRNAs, accumulated without affecting the steady-state levels of mature rRNAs, indicating that APUM23 is involved in the processing and/or degradation of 35S pre-rRNA and rRNA maturation by-products. The apum23 mutant showed increased levels of 18S rRNA biogenesis-related U3 and U14 small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) and accumulated RNAs within the nucleolus. Our data suggest that APUM23 plays an important role in plant development via rRNA processing. © 2010 The Authors. The Plant Journal © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source


Dong X.,Chungnam National University | Kim W.K.,Woori Seed Co. | Lim Y.-P.,Chungnam National University | Kim Y.-K.,GreenGene BioTech Inc. | Hur Y.,Chungnam National University
Plant Science | Year: 2013

We investigated the mechanism regulating cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in Brassica rapa ssp. pekinensis using floral bud transcriptome analyses of Ogura-CMS Chinese cabbage and its maintainer line in B. rapa 300-K oligomeric probe (Br300K) microarrays. Ogura-CMS Chinese cabbage produced few and infertile pollen grains on indehiscent anthers. Compared to the maintainer line, CMS plants had shorter filaments and plant growth, and delayed flowering and pollen development. In microarray analysis, 4646 genes showed different expression, depending on floral bud size, between Ogura-CMS and its maintainer line. We found 108 and 62 genes specifically expressed in Ogura-CMS and its maintainer line, respectively. Ogura-CMS line-specific genes included stress-related, redox-related, and B. rapa novel genes. In the maintainer line, genes related to pollen coat and germination were specifically expressed in floral buds longer than 3. mm, suggesting insufficient expression of these genes in Ogura-CMS is directly related to dysfunctional pollen. In addition, many nuclear genes associated with auxin response, ATP synthesis, pollen development and stress response had delayed expression in Ogura-CMS plants compared to the maintainer line, which is consistent with the delay in growth and development of Ogura-CMS plants. Delayed expression may reduce pollen grain production and/or cause sterility, implying that mitochondrial, retrograde signaling delays nuclear gene expression. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. Source


Joo J.,Myongji University | Choi H.J.,Myongji University | Lee Y.H.,Myongji University | Kim Y.-K.,GreenGene BioTech Inc. | Song S.I.,Myongji University
Planta | Year: 2013

Plant-specific ethylene response factors (ERFs) play important roles in abiotic and biotic stress responses in plants. Using a transgenic approach, we identified two rice ERF genes, OsERF4a and OsERF10a, which conferred drought stress tolerance. In particular, OsERF4a contains a conserved ERF-associated amphiphilic repression (EAR) motif in its C-terminal region that has been shown to function as a transcriptional repression domain. Expression profiling of transgenic rice plants over-expressing OsERF4a using either a constitutively active or an ABA-inducible promoter identified 45 down-regulated and 79 up-regulated genes in common. The increased stress tolerance by over-expression of the EAR domain-containing protein OsERF4a could result from suppression of a repressor of the defense response. Expression of the putative silent information regulator 2 (Sir2) repressor protein was repressed, and expression of several stress-response genes were induced by OsERF4a over-expression. The Sir2 and 7 out of 9 genes that were down-regulated by OsERF4a over-expression were induced by high salinity and drought treatments in non-transgenic control plants. Genes that were down- and up-regulated by OsERF4a over-expression were highly biased toward chromosome 11. Rice chromosome 11 has several large clusters of disease-resistance and defense-response genes. Taken together, our results suggest that OsERF4a is a positive regulator of shoot growth and water-stress tolerance in rice during early growth stages. We propose that OsERF4a could work by suppressing a repressor of the defense responses and/or by controlling the expression of a large number of genes located on chromosome 11. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source


Park S.-H.,Myongji University | Chung P.J.,Myongji University | Chung P.J.,Rockefeller University | Juntawong P.,University of California at Riverside | And 8 more authors.
Plant Physiology | Year: 2012

Abiotic stress, including drought, salinity, and temperature extremes, regulates gene expression at the transcriptional and posttranscriptional levels Expression profiling of total messenger RNAs (mRNAs) from rice (Oryza sativa) leaves grown under stress conditions revealed that the transcript levels of photosynthetic genes are reduced more rapidly than others, a phenomenon referred to as stress-induced mRNA decay (SMD). By comparing RNA polymerase II engagement with the steady-state mRNA level, we show here that SMD is a posttranscriptional event The SMD of photosynthetic genes was further verified by measuring the half-lives of the small subunit of Rubisco (RbcS1) and Chlorophyll a/b-Binding Protein1 (Cab1) mRNAs during stress conditions in the presence of the transcription inhibitor cordycepin To discern any correlation between SMD and the process of translation, changes in total and polysome-associated mRNA levels after stress were measured Total and polysome-associated mRNA levels of two photosynthetic (RbcS1 and Cab1) and two stress-inducible (Dehydration Stress-Inducible Protein1 and Salt-Induced Protein) genes were found to be markedly similar This demonstrated the importance of polysome association for transcript stability under stress conditions Microarray experiments performed on total and polysomal mRNAs indicate that approximately half of all mRNAs that undergo SMD remain polysome associated during stress treatments To delineate the functional determinant(s) of mRNAs responsible for SMD, the RbcS1 and Cab1 transcripts were dissected into several components The expressions of different combinations of the mRNA components were analyzed under stress conditions, revealing that both 3′ and 5′ untranslated regions are necessary for SMD Our results, therefore, suggest that the posttranscriptional control of photosynthetic mRNA decay under stress conditions requires both 3′ and 5′ untranslated regions and correlates with differential polysome association. © 2012 American Society of Plant Biologists. All Rights Reserved. Source

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