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« US Shale Is Immune To An Oil Price Crash In 2017 | Main | ICCT: European cities driving diesel out of the market » The Volkswagen Group will pay $225 million, including $66 million to California, for harm resulting from the sale of its 3.0-liter diesel passenger cars that included emissions control “defeat devices,” under partial Consent Decrees (earlier post) approved by a Federal court. In addition, VW will contribute to California’s ZEV market by introducing two new ZEV models, plus the electric e-Golf, or its replacement, by 2019. One of those new vehicles must be an electric SUV. The company will also introduce a second SUV by 2020. It must collectively sell at least 35,000 of these various ZEV models between 2019 and 2025. US District Court Judge Charles Breyer signed the agreements between the automaker, the California Air Resources Board (CARB), the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) and the US Department of Justice (US DOJ). One decree is a national agreement; the second is California-specific. California will receive $41 million from the national agreement and $25 million under the California agreement. VW admitted to CARB engineers in November 2015 that it installed “defeat devices” that altered the operation of emissions control equipment in light-duty, 3.0-liter passenger vehicles manufactured and sold between model years 2009 and 2016. There are approximately 87,000 of these vehicles in the US and about 17,000 of them (20%) in California. This is a separate partial consent decree from one approved earlier for harm from VW’s 2.0-liter diesel cars with a similar defeat device. California will receive about $41 million from the national mitigation trust for the environmental damage caused by VW’s deception. This money will be spent on projects to reduce smog-producing pollution, such as incentivizing clean, heavy-duty vehicles and equipment in disadvantaged communities. In a separate California decree, an additional $25 million dollars will be invested to advance availability of cleaner vehicles in California’s disadvantaged communities. The state will undertake a public process to allow members of the Legislature and the public to provide input and comments on potential mitigation projects to be funded by the settlement. VW also agreed to place a second Green City project in California. This could include such features as zero-emission vehicle (ZEV) ridesharing projects or ZEV transit and freight applications. The selected city must have a population of about 500,000 and consist primarily of disadvantaged communities. A first Green City was called out in the Consent Decree for the 2.0 liter vehicles. No city has yet been named. Background. Following publication of a report indicating high emissions from Volkswagen vehicles in over-the-road testing, CARB conducted a focused investigation which ultimately led to Volkswagen’s admission in September 2015 that the company had installed defeat devices in all of its 2.0 liter diesel vehicles manufactured between model years 2009 and 2015. This was followed in November 2015 by an admission by Audi engineers that 3.0 liter diesel passenger cars manufactured by VW, Audi and Porsche in model years 2009-2016 also contain defeat devices. VW owns all three manufacturers. As a result of the 2.0 liter and 3.0 liter Consent Decrees, California is expected to be allocated a total of about $423 million from an Environmental Mitigation Trust, explained in the first Consent Decree. (Earlier post.) That money is to mitigate the lifetime excess NO emissions of the VW vehicles with the defeat device. Under the terms of the Consent Decree VW must invest $800 million for zero-emission vehicle projects in California over a 10-year period.


"We're so committed to this idea that we also host a GCG-run garden program at our corporate headquarters in Newton" says Andrew Gallinaro, Senior Vice President of Asset Management at National Development. "Every week, a group of our staff meets with the GCG team to learn about our garden, how the plants are progressing and how to best take care of them so the garden succeeds. It's been incredibly well-received at home base as well as several of our other properties." For GCG, clients like National Development mean greater social impact. "Our message is simple: find unused spaces and transform them into productive, engaging places to grow produce," says Banhazl. "Because of our relationship with National Development, this message can reach many more people than we could alone." About Green City Growers: Green City Growers (GCG) is the Northeast's premier urban farming business. GCG transforms unused space into thriving urban farms, providing immediate access to nutritious produce while revitalizing city landscapes and inspiring self-sufficiency through garden education programs. GCG's clients include Whole Foods Market, Boys and Girls Clubs of Boston, athenahealth, and Fenway Farms at Fenway Park. Green City Growers was founded in 2008. About National Development For over 25 years, National Development has been one of the most active development firms in Massachusetts. Specializing in mixed-use, retail, multi-family, commercial and senior housing projects, National Development and its affiliates have developed over 28 million square feet of space, manage over 9 million square feet and over 2,400 residential units. For more information, visit www.natdev.com or follow @nationaldevelop To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/green-city-growers-and-national-development-team-up-to-expand-urban-agriculture-reach-and-impact-300459869.html


The Innovative Bread Bags are Durable and Reusable LOS ANGELES, CA / ACCESSWIRE / May 8, 2017 / Kathy Rohret, founder of Green City Living and an entrepreneur with a passion for saving the environment, is pleased to announce the upcoming launch of the EcoBaguette Bread Bags: saving bread and the environment. To watch a short video about the EcoBaguette Bread Bags and learn more about the innovative, attractive and durable bags, please check out https://goo.gl/4ADVA9. As a spokesperson for Green City Living noted, most people who purchase a loaf of fresh bakery bread will leave the store with the bread in a paper bag. If it stays in the paper bag overnight, the shopper will be left with a hard loaf of bread in no time, and if it's put into a plastic bag, the plastic and paper will end up in the landfill and/or recycling center. This knowledge inspired Rohret to create the EcoBaguette Bread Bags. The system is made up of a lightweight liner and a heavier cover sleeve that will be sold separately. The liners will work well for bringing the fresh bakery bread home and will store the bread for up to 3 days. "They are composed of specially food safe and laminated nylon fabric and will be available in three sizes/shapes: standard loaf, French loaf and round loaf," the spokesperson noted, adding that the liners will also be washable and can be placed in the dryer with other laundry. "The EcoBaguette Bread Sleeve is made of polyurethane laminated cotton. The laminate is free of BPA, Phthalates, lead and PVC. The coating on the inside prevents drying of contents." Rohret is planning on launching the bags in a variety of fun fabrics and said they will keep bread fresh for 5 to 7 days when used in conjunction with the liners. In order to help pay for the production and staffing costs associated with bringing the EcoBaguette Bread sleeves and liners to the public, Rohret and Green City Living recently launched a fundraiser on Kickstarter. There, they hope to raise $32,000 through crowdfunding and help people keep their bakery bread soft and tasty for days, one loaf at a time. EcoBaguette Bread sleeves and liners are the latest innovation from Green City Living, a company that is building a strong reputation for improving the quality and workability of everyday reusable items. The bags are durable, reusable and will keep bread nice and fresh for days. For more information, please visit https://goo.gl/4ADVA9.


As a spokesperson for Green City Living noted, most people who purchase a loaf of fresh bakery bread will leave the store with the bread in a paper bag. If it stays in the paper bag overnight, the shopper will be left with a hard loaf of bread in no time, and if it's put into a plastic bag, the plastic and paper will end up in the landfill and/or recycling center. This knowledge inspired Rohret to create the EcoBaguette Bread Bags. The system is made up of a lightweight liner and a heavier cover sleeve that will be sold separately. The liners will work well for bringing the fresh bakery bread home and will store the bread for up to 3 days. "They are composed of specially food safe and laminated nylon fabric and will be available in three sizes/shapes: standard loaf, French loaf and round loaf," the spokesperson noted, adding that the liners will also be washable and can be placed in the dryer with other laundry. "The EcoBaguette Bread Sleeve is made of polyurethane laminated cotton. The laminate is free of BPA, Phthalates, lead and PVC. The coating on the inside prevents drying of contents." Rohret is planning on launching the bags in a variety of fun fabrics and said they will keep bread fresh for 5 to 7 days when used in conjunction with the liners. In order to help pay for the production and staffing costs associated with bringing the EcoBaguette Bread sleeves and liners to the public, Rohret and Green City Living recently launched a fundraiser on Kickstarter. There, they hope to raise $32,000 through crowdfunding and help people keep their bakery bread soft and tasty for days, one loaf at a time. EcoBaguette Bread sleeves and liners are the latest innovation from Green City Living, a company that is building a strong reputation for improving the quality and workability of everyday reusable items. The bags are durable, reusable and will keep bread nice and fresh for days. For more information, please visit https://goo.gl/4ADVA9.


News Article | April 21, 2017
Site: www.treehugger.com

Umdenken. In German, the word means more than just rethinking; it implies changing the way you think, a philosophical re-evaluation. For people committed to sustainability and protection of a thriving environment, the news full of headlines about budget cuts for the Environmental Protection Agency while money gets rerouted into building infrastructure sounds like a losing proposition. But it's a perfect opportunity for umdenken. It is almost a foregone conclusion that whoever is left in the EPA will revisit and weaken the CAFE standards, rules requiring automobile manufactures to sell less polluting cars and trucks. This has consequences more imminent than the fuzzy shadow of global warming. In the EU, where environmental standards are higher than in the US, estimates put the number of deaths from air pollution at 400,000 per year, with uncounted more succumbing to respiratory and cardiovascular diseases -- owing not to "carbon" but to the fine particulate matter (PM) (dust small enough to get deep into the lungs) and NOx (nitrogen oxides). So we cannot count on healthier air from better regulations. Time to think about it from the other end of the problem. Entrepreneurs in Germany are winning kudos for integrating the internet of things (IoT) technology with good old-fashioned plant biology to create a living wall, covered in hardy moss and succulents that are highly efficient at absorbing NOx and particulates from the air. They established a company, Green City Solutions, to bring their low maintenance living walls to the market. The happiest country in the world was the first international project for Green City Solutions -- you can draw what conclusions you will from this fact. Oslo bought two units of the free-standing "city tree", a short wall with public seating at its base. "City trees" are now popping up all over the place, less as air quality fixes than as ambassadors of hope. The technology caught the eye of city officials in Stuttgart, home of heavy traffic on the Neckartor, where creative solutions (ranging from spraying roads with chemicals intended to absorb particulates to posting interactive speed limit signs to advise drivers of the speed at which they can pass through all the traffic control lights without stopping) have not yet achieved air quality limits established as safe. Already in 2015, the investment of 400K€ ($420K) for a 100-meter long moss wall on the Neckartor was debated. Now the vision will become reality. Stuttgart will build the moss wall between the 71,000 cars that drive by daily and the sensitive lungs of its citizens. The wall will not only improve air quality, but moss serves better at dampening the road noise, and studies indicate that the wall can reduce temperatures nearby up to 5 degrees (centigrade, so 9 degrees Fahrenheit) on warm days as water evaporates from the moist moss. But how much effort is required to keep a living wall alive? Not as much as you would think: the wall has an automated watering system and uses the Internet of Things technology to send an email when it needs attention. Many eyes will be on this moss wall experiment. If successful, what better way to divert regulatory budgets into infrastructure improvements than in solutions that make everyone a winner?


Founded by chef and author Abby Mandel who returned to Chicago after visiting European sustainable farmer's markets determined to create a similar market in her own city in 1998. Green City Market was her brainchild and began as a small startup with nine local farmers in the alley next to the Chicago Theatre. The Market quickly outgrew the location and moved to the south end of Lincoln Park where it currently operates May – October. In 2008, the Green City Market became year-round, remaining open November-April, first in the Lincoln Park Zoo and now in The Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum. In 2014, a West Loop location was added. Green City Market's selection, Ripson Communications, is led by Chicago media team of president Lisa Ripson and executive vice president Chris Comes. The president is an Emmy-award winning producer who perfected the art of storytelling at NBC 5 Chicago for over ten years and regularly can be seen advising clients in newsrooms across the city of Chicago on a weekly basis. Ripson also worked at global agency powerhouse Edelman overseeing USAA, Banco Popular and Whirlpool. "We appreciate the support of Green City Market's board of directors and staff in selecting Ripson Communications," said Ripson. "Their story is one that can be told to new audiences both online and in print.  We look forward to helping them in a variety of strategic ways to grow as an organization." Today, the firm serves a variety of clients in the real estate, grocery, restaurant, medical and not-for-profit arena. Most recently, the firm coordinated the communications efforts for the opening day announcement at The Park at Wrigley for Green City Market with HSC and the Chicago Cubs organization. To view the original version on PR Newswire, visit:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/green-city-market-selects-ripson-communications-as-first-public-relations-agency-of-record-300443697.html


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: MG-5.5a-2015 | Award Amount: 19.31M | Year: 2016

The cities of Madrid, Stockholm, Munich, Turku and Ruse have formed the CIVITAS ECCENTRIC consortium to tackle the challenges of mobility in suburban districts and clean, silent and CO2 free city logistics. In many cities, these two important areas have received less attention in urban mobility policies. Though European cities have made significant steps forward in making city centres attractive and liveable urban nodes, there is a remaining conflict between providing high quality public space and meeting the accessibility requirements for freight deliveries. The suburban areas have remained largely unaddressed with a much higher car usage as a consequence. Recent or expected urban growth processes are posing additional pressure to peri-central areas, which face the specific challenges of: Becoming sufficiently appealing to avoid an unnecessary traffic flow towards to the city centre; Providing sustainable and high quality mobility options to enable and encourage car independent lifestyles; and Planning the urban future according to carbon neutral mobility principles. ECCENTRIC will demonstrate and test the potential and replicability of integrated and inclusive urban planning approaches, innovative policies and emerging technologies to reach sustainable urban mobility objectives. The solutions will be implemented in 5 living laboratory areas in the outskirts that face high population growth and an increasing pressure on the existing transport networks. As highlighted in the SUMPs of the ECCENTRIC cities, this action on a wider geographical scale than the city centre is needed in order to meet the targets of the Transport White Paper in terms of air quality, energy use and CO2 emissions, road casualties and wide uptake of clean vehicles. To reach CO2 free city logistics by 2030, ECCENTRIC will test clean vehicles and fuels, formulate new regulations and services and develop consolidation solutions in close partnerships with the private sector.


Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) levels are associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) in healthy individuals and in patients who have had ischemic events. The Long-term Intervention with Pravastatin in Ischemic Disease (LIPID) study randomized 9014 patients with cholesterol levels of 4.0 to 7.0 mmol/L to placebo or pravastatin 3 to 36 months after myocardial infarction or unstable angina and showed a reduction in CHD and total mortality. We assessed the value of baseline and change in Lp-PLA2 activity to predict outcomes over a 6-year follow-up, the effect of pravastatin on Lp-PLA2 levels, and whether pravastatin treatment effect was related to Lp-PLA2 activity change. Lp-PLA2 was measured at randomization and 1 year, and levels were grouped as quartiles. The prespecified end point was CHD death or nonfatal myocardial infarction. Baseline Lp-PLA2 activity was positively associated with CHD events (P < 0.001) but not after adjustment for 23 baseline factors (P = 0.66). In 6518 patients who were event free at 1 year, change in Lp-PLA2 was a significant independent predictor of subsequent CHD events after adjustment for these risk factors, including LDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol changes (P < 0.001). Pravastatin reduced Lp-PLA2 by 16% compared with placebo (P < 0.001). After adjustment for Lp-PLA2 change, the pravastatin treatment effect was reduced from 23% to 10% (P = 0.26), with 59% of the treatment effect accounted for by changes in Lp-PLA2. Similar reductions in treatment effect were seen after adjustment for LDL cholesterol change. Reduction in Lp-PLA2 activity during the first year was a highly significant predictor of CHD events, independent of change in LDL cholesterol, and may account for over half of the benefits of pravastatin in the LIPID study.


Purpose of Review: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is a risk factor as strong as low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Therapies targeting Lp-PLA2 in plasma and plaque are now being developed. This article will review these data. Recent Findings: Lp-PLA2 is intimately involved in the development of atherosclerosis and is found in vulnerable human plaques. Multiple epidemiological studies have shown that Lp-PLA2 is related to the occurrence of myocardial infarction (MI), stroke and vascular death.Darapladib is a novel oral compound that selectively inhibits Lp-PLA2 in plasma and in human plaques. Darapladib has also been shown to halt necrotic core progression in coronary arteries over a 12-month period and to have few adverse effects. Summary: Two large phase III trials are randomizing 26 000 patients to darapladib or placebo with chronic coronary heart disease or following an acute coronary syndrome. The primary composite outcomes are cardiovascular death, MI or stroke and results should be available in 2012. Darapladib has the potential to improve patient outcomes in addition to evidence-based treatments by modulating mechanisms of disease that have not been addressed by current therapies. © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Stewart R.A.H.,Green City
Current Opinion in Cardiology | Year: 2011

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the large phase 3 clinical trials that compare direct thrombin or factor Xa inhibitors with dose-adjusted warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation who have an increased risk of stroke. RECENT FINDINGS: In large clinical trials, the oral direct thrombin inhibitor ximelagatran and the long-acting factor Xa inhibitor idraparinux were effective for reducing the risk of thromboembolic stroke, but were not marketed because of liver toxicity and excessive bleeding, respectively. In separate clinical trials, the oral direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran etexilate and the short-acting oral factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban were noninferior or superior to dose-adjusted warfarin for prevention of thromboembolic stroke and systemic embolism, without increasing the risk of bleeding, and were well tolerated. Apixaban, another oral factor Xa inhibitor, is effective in reducing thromboembolic stroke compared with aspirin alone. Results of a trial comparing apixaban with dose-adjusted warfarin are awaited. SUMMARY: Dabigatran and rivaroxaban are effective, safe alternatives to dose-adjusted warfarin for reducing thromboembolic risk in patients with atrial fibrillation at high risk of stroke. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.

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