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Ymittos Athens, Greece

Katodritou E.,Theagenion Cancer Hospital | Katodritou E.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | Papadaki S.,Theagenion Cancer Hospital | Konstantinidou P.,Theagenion Cancer Hospital | And 2 more authors.
Transfusion and Apheresis Science

During the last decades, a better understanding of the biology of multiple myeloma (MM) has led to the application of novel treatment strategies for MM patients. The new anti-myeloma regimens produce higher incidence of durable and of better quality responses and they improve overall survival, challenging the dogma of incurable disease, outside the context of allogeneic transplantation. This review presents all these strategies that aim to cure MM, including continuous treatment i.e. induction, consolidation and maintenance, treatment of asymptomatic MM and monitoring minimal residual disease using modern techniques, such as multi-parameter flow cytometry, molecular assays and advanced imaging. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Katodritou E.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | Terpos E.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | Terpos E.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Symeonidis A.S.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | And 31 more authors.
American Journal of Hematology

Solitary plasmacytoma (SP) is a rare plasma cell dyscrasia characterized by the presence of bone or extramedullary plasma cell tumors. The treatment of choice is local radiotherapy (R/T)±surgical excision. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy (C/T) or novel agents (NA) is uncertain. Data related to prognostic factors are inconclusive. Herein, we describe the clinical features, survival and prognosis of 97 consecutive patients, 65 with bone SP (SBP), and 32 with extramedullary SP (SEP), diagnosed and treated in 12 Greek Myeloma Centers. Objective response rate (≥PR) and complete response (CR) was 91.8% and 61.9%, respectively, and did not differ between the 2 groups. Overall, 38 patients relapsed or progressed to multiple myeloma (MM). After a median follow-up of 60 months, 5 and 10-year overall survival (OS) probability was 92% and 89% in SEP and 86% and 69% in SBP, respectively (P=0.2). The 5- and 10-year MM-free survival (MMFS) probability was 90% and 70% for patients with SEP vs. 59% and 50% for patients with SBP, respectively (P=0.054). Overall, the 5- and 10-year OS probability, plasmacytoma relapse-free survival (PRFS), progression-free survival and MMFS was 84% and 78%, 72% and 58%, 58% and 43%, and 70% and 59%, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, prolonged PRFS and young age were positive predictors of OS. Achievement of CR was the only positive predictor of PRFS. Immunoparesis was the only negative predictor of progression to MM. The addition of C/T or NA-based treatment increased toxicity without offering any survival advantage over R/T. Am. J. Hematol. 89:803-808, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Source

Katodritou E.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | Terpos E.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | Terpos E.,National and Kapodistrian University of Athens | Kastritis E.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | And 31 more authors.
Annals of Hematology

Involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) is a rare complication of multiple myeloma (MM). Herein, we have described the incidence, characteristics, prognostic factors for post CNS-MM survival, and outcome of CNS-MM and explored the efficacy of novel agents (NA) (thalidomide, bortezomib, lenalidomide) in this setting. Between 2000 and 2013, 31 (0.9 %) out of 3408 newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients, consecutively diagnosed and treated during the same period in 12 Greek centers, developed CNS-MM (M/F 15/16, median age 59 years, range 20–96 years; newly diagnosed/relapsed-refractory 2/29; median time to CNS-MM diagnosis 29 months). Clinical and laboratory characteristics were retrospectively recorded. Twenty-six percent of patients had circulating plasma cells (PCs) or plasma cell leukemia (PCL) at CNS-MM and 39 % had skull-derived plasmacytomas, suggesting hematological and contiguous spread. Treatment for CNS-MM was offered in 29/31 patients and 11/29 responded (NA 18/29, additional radiotherapy 9/28, intrathecal chemotherapy 13/29). The median post CNS-MM survival was 3 months (95 % CI 1.9–4.1) and did not differ between patients treated with NA and/or radiotherapy vs. others. In the multivariate analysis, prior treatment of MM with NA, extramedullary disease (EMD) during MM course (i.e., plasmacytomas, circulating PCs, or documented PCL) and abnormally high LDH at MM diagnosis were independent prognostic factors, whereas treatment of CNS-MM with NA did not predict for post CNS-MM survival. Despite the relatively limited number of patients due to the rarity of CNS-MM, our results suggest that NA do not seem to improve post CNS-MM survival. Patients with EMD display shortened post CNS-MM survival and should be followed thoroughly. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Terpos E.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | Christoulas D.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | Katodritou E.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | Bratengeier C.,Biomarker Design Forschungs GmbH | And 8 more authors.
International Journal of Cancer

Sclerostin is a Wingless and Int-1 inhibitor, which is produced by osteocytes and inhibits osteoblast-driven bone formation. Sclerostin is implicated in the pathogenesis of bone loss in metabolic bone disorders but there is no information for its effect on multiple myeloma (MM)-related osteolytic disease. We evaluated circulating sclerostin in 157 newly diagnosed patients with symptomatic myeloma, in 25 with relapsed myeloma who received bortezomib monotherapy, in 21 patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), and in 21 healthy controls. Patients with active myeloma had elevated circulating sclerostin compared to MGUS patients and controls (p < 0.01). MM patients who presented with fractures at diagnosis (n = 34) had very high levels of circulating sclerostin compared with all others (p < 0.01), whereas sclerostin correlated negatively with bone specific alkaline phosphatase (a bone formation marker; r = -0.541, p < 0.0001) and positively with C-telopeptide of collagen type-1 (a bone resorption marker; r = 0.524, p < 0.0001). Patients with International Staging System (ISS)-3 disease had higher circulating sclerostin compared to ISS-1 and ISS-2 MM (p = 0.001). Furthermore, patients with high sclerostin (upper quartile, n = 40) had a median survival of 27 months versus 98 months of all others (p = 0.031). Relapsed MM patients had higher levels of circulating sclerostin even compared to newly diagnosed patients (p < 0.01). Bortezomib monotherapy resulted in a reduction of sclerostin by almost 50% in both responders and non-responders. These results suggest that patients with active myeloma have elevated circulating sclerostin, which correlated with advanced disease features including severe bone disease. Our study indicates sclerostin as a possible target for the development of novel therapies to enhance osteoblast function in myeloma. Copyright © 2011 UICC. Source

Dimopoulos M.A.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | Delimpasi S.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | Katodritou E.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | Vassou A.,Greek Myeloma Study Group | And 12 more authors.
Annals of Oncology

Background: Renal impairment (RI) is a common presenting complication of multiple myeloma (MM); the availability of new treatments has improved the outcomes of patients with MM; however, their impact on the survival of patients who present with RI has not been extensively studied. Patients and methods: We analyzed the characteristics and outcomes of 1773 consecutive unselected patients who were treated for symptomatic myeloma since January 1990. Results: Although there was a significant increase in the proportion of patients of advanced age in the more recent periods, the frequency of RI as well as the proportion of patients who presented with severe RI (eGFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m2) remained unchanged around 18%. Thus, after adjustment for age, there was a decrease in the risk of severe RI at presentation after 2000. Myeloma response rates (≥PR) to frontline therapy have substantially increased, and this was translated in a significant increase in the median survival. Specifically for patients with severe RI, the median OS has improved from 18 and 19.5 months in the 1990-1994 and 1995-1999 to 29 and 32 months for the periods 2000-2004 and after 2005 (P = 0.005). Severe RI was associated with a high risk of early death (12% versus 7% for patients with moderate RI versus 3% for patients with mild or no RI (P < 0.001), especially among older patients, and has remained unchanged over time. Conclusions: There has been a major improvement in the survival of patients with severe RI in the past decade, despite the increasing numbers of patients of advanced age. However, the risk of early death remains high in patients with severe RI, especially in the elderly. © The Author 2013. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology. All rights reserved. Source

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