Masvingo, Zimbabwe

Great Zimbabwe University
Masvingo, Zimbabwe

Great Zimbabwe University is an institution of higher learning in the city of Masvingo, Zimbabwe. It is currently situated on the Masvingo Teachers’ College campus seven kilometres east of Masvingo town. A larger campus is soon to be built near the Great Zimbabwe National Monument, the namesake of the university.One of a number of universities the government opened after independence in 1980, Great Zimbabwe University began life as the Masvingo State University . which was established through the recommendations of the 1995 Chetsanga Report. The report had proposed the devolution of teachers’ and technical colleges into degree-awarding institutions that would eventually become universities in their own right. A university college attached to the University of Zimbabwe was accordingly launched in 1999/2000. Two years later, an Act of Parliament created the autonomous Masvingo State University. The name was changed to Great Zimbabwe University two years later.The university offers degree and diploma programmes at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in the arts, commerce, education and the science. The programmes are designed to be responsive to the needs of the job market in Zimbabwe’s ever-changing economy. Wikipedia.

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Moyo S.,University of Zimbabwe | Rusinga O.,Great Zimbabwe University
African Journal of Reproductive Health | Year: 2017

Adolescent reproductive health behaviour has become an emerging world concern as the age at menarche and sexual debut has plummeted globally. The primary objective of the paper is to understand the importance of reproductive health education to contraceptive use among adolescents in Mhondoro-Ngezi District. The paper also investigates knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices (KABP) pertaining to contraceptive use among adolescents. Factors underlying KABP are further explored. In addition, this paper investigates the availability, accessibility, acceptability and affordability of contraceptives to adolescents. These issues are assessed from the perspective of all duty bearers (mothers, fathers, healthcare providers, religious leaders and secondary school teachers). The paper is based on a cross-sectional study which was conducted in Mhondoro-Ngezi area. A total of 185 adolescents aged 15-19 years were sampled with a sex ratio of 67. The study triangulated both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection. The results in this paper indicate that adolescents in Mhondoro-Ngezi engage in early sexual debut. Despite the fact that knowledge about modern contraceptives is universal (96%) among adolescents in Mhondoro-Ngezi, contraceptive use is very low, 21%. Limited contraceptive use among adolescents in the study area is a result of the interplay of demographic, policy, socio-cultural, religious and economic factors. The study has thus recommends that the government and other relevant stakeholders to formulate policies that promote reproductive education in order to foster the utilization of contraceptives by adolescents. © 2017, Women’s Health and Action Research Centre. All rights reserved.

Chirenje L.I.,Great Zimbabwe University
Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment | Year: 2017

This paper assesses the contribution of ecotourism to local communities and the environment. Livelihoods of local communities are examined to understand the socioeconomic situation of people living in proximity to ecotourism areas and their participation in ecotourism activities. The impact of ecotourism on the environment in Nyanga is also examined. The paper employs both literature review (secondary data) and a field survey (primary data) to achieve these objectives. To gather socioeconomic data of households and tourist traits, questionnaires were administered to 120 households and 30 tourists in the study area. Key informant interviews were held in the survey to gather expert knowledge about ecotourism trends and environmental data in the area. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Descriptive and inferential analyses were used for quantitative data while content and structural–functional analyses were used for qualitative data. The research revealed that ecotourism offers the highest salaries when compared to other sources of formal employment. Ecotourism activities were shown to positively impact the environment through the protection, preservation, and management of natural resources. The study concludes that ecotourism is a useful and sustainable poverty alleviation strategy which has not yet been fully exploited in Zimbabwe. © 2017 Shandong Normal University

Jiwo S.,University of Zimbabwe | Chikodza E.,Great Zimbabwe University
Journal of Uncertain Systems | Year: 2015

A hybrid variable is a mathematical notion used to describe a situation in which randomness and fuzziness simultaneously appear in a system. Based on this concept, a hybrid optimal control problem is presented and investigated. In order to examine this hybrid optimal control problem, we first derive the Bellman's Optimality Principle. The principle is then used to prove a fundamental result called the equation of optimality for hybrid optimal control. This last result is applied to solve a portfolio selection problem in which the price process for a stock is described by a hybrid differential equation. © 2015 World Academic Press, UK. All rights reserved.

Moyo S.,University of Zimbabwe | Mhloyi M.,University of Zimbabwe | Chevo T.,University of Zimbabwe | Rusinga O.,Great Zimbabwe University
Global Public Health | Year: 2015

Male circumcision has witnessed a paradigm shift from being regarded as a religious and cultural practice to a global intervention strategy meant to curb transmission of HIV. This is particularly evident in sub-Saharan African countries where the HIV prevalence is greater than 15%. Zimbabwe adopted the voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) strategy in 2009; however, since then the uptake of the intervention has only 10% of the adult male population has reported having been circumcised. To better understand this limited uptake of VMMC, we conducted a qualitative study with uncircumcised men aged 15–79 years in Mhondoro-Ngezi, Zimbabwe. Through assessing men's attitudes towards VMMC in seven focus group discussions, conducted between July and August 2012, this article seeks to provide improved strategies for delivering this intervention in Zimbabwe. These data reveal that, in general, men have a negative attitude towards VMMC. Specific barriers to the uptake of VMMC included the perceived challenge to masculinity, post-circumcision stigma, lack of reliable and adequate information and perceptions about the appropriateness of VMMC. These results suggest that structural interventions aimed at reducing stigma related to circumcision, in addition to increased efforts to disseminate accurate information about VMMC, are required in order to dispel men's attitudes that hinder demand for VMMC. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Mpofu E.,Mabalauta Field Station | Gandiwa E.,Scientific Services | Zisadza-Gandiwa P.,Scientific Services | Zinhiva H.,Great Zimbabwe University
Tropical Ecology | Year: 2012

The abundance, distribution and status of baobabs (Adansonia digitata L.) in three land categories namely, (i) plains, (ii) riverine and rocky outcrops, and (iii) development areas, in southern Gonarezhou National Park (GNP), southeast Zimbabwe, were determined. Baobabs were sampled between April and August 2010 using transects along existing roads and the Mwenezi River. Height, basal circumference and elephant damage for each baobab tree was measured. A total of 117 baobabs were sampled using 17 transects with a combined length of 238 km. Mean baobab density was significantly higher in the development areas as compared to the plains, riverine and rocky outcrops. However, there were no significant differences in mean diameter at breast height and height for baobab trees across the three land categories. Elephants and possibly fire among other factors may be influencing baobab structure, abundance and distribution in southern GNP. Baobab densities in southern GNP do not seem to indicate that baobabs are in danger of extirpation. © International Society for Tropical Ecology.

Mudhovozi P.,University of Venda | Nyanga T.,Great Zimbabwe University
Studies on Ethno-Medicine | Year: 2015

The present study explored university students’ perceptions of cigarette smoking. A sample of 60 participants who were attending a leadership training course for student leaders was selected. A 16 – item questionnaire was administered to the participants to gather their opinions on cigarette smoking. The study found that there was a high prevalence of cigarette smoking among the students. The onset of smoking was high at high school with a comparable proportion at university level. The main agents of influences were peers, television and radio. There was a high level of awareness of the effects of cigarette smoking, although, perceived benefits were cited as self-justification for smoking. Most of the participants expressed willingness to quit smoking and suggested the use of lectures and graphic images as effective strategies for anti-smoking campaigns. The study recommended further research to explore gender differentiation on smoking. © Kamla-Raj 2015.

Rusinga O.,Great Zimbabwe University
African journal of reproductive health | Year: 2012

This article examined the perceptions of deaf youth about their vulnerability to sexual and reproductive health problems in Masvingo District of Zimbabwe. A quasi-survey was employed to carry out the field study. Therefore, a snowball sampling procedure was used to identify the respondents mainly because the target population constitutes one of the hard-to-reach groups. A sample of 50 deaf youth aged between 15 - 24 years was conveniently determined due to lack of comprehensive data of deaf population in the study area. Therefore, conclusions made in data analysis only referenced to the sampled population. Fifty questionnaires were administered among the deaf youth to collect quantitative data. Ten in-depth face-to-face interviews were carried out with deaf youth in order to qualify the magnitude of perceptions of deaf youth about their vulnerability to sexual and reproductive health problems. Sexual activity is taking place among the sampled deaf. The perceptions they had about vulnerability to sexual and reproductive health problems are mainly shaped by sexual socialization than their sensory conditions. Understanding the factors which influence the perceptions of deaf youth about sexual and reproductive health problems is significant mainly because the sexuality of people living with disabilities is poorly understood and neglected thereby putting them at risk of sexual and reproductive health problems as well as exposed to sexual violence. The study recommends that the government may adopt a human-rights approach to the provision of sexual and reproductive health services to ensure universal access information and inclusivity.

Konyana E.G.,Great Zimbabwe University | Sipeyiye M.,Midlands State University
International Journal of Sustainable Development | Year: 2015

Elitist socio-economic policies are largely responsible for community displacements in Africa. Historically, colonial governments' landintensive projects were major disruptive phenomena for the affected communities. Practically, however, displacement unsettles communities, upsets cultural or traditional practices, justice systems and communal livelihoods. Quite often, communal displacement represents low regard for human rights by state and non-state actors. Ironically, planners of displacements often adopt and deploy the rhetoric of sustainable development and modernism. In Zimbabwe, the persistent conclusion in displacement narratives is that land dispossessions pushed Africans into supporting the nationalist movements of the 1960s and the liberation struggle that followed. However, post-independence joint projects have continued to haunt communities. This paper presents moral issues associated with development-induced displacements and resettlement. It provides communal narratives emanating from the Public-Private Partnership Macdom-ARDA Chisumbanje ethanol project, arguing that the project is morally objectionable insofar as it is responsible for the displacement of thousands of local people. Copyright © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Marongwe N.,Great Zimbabwe University
Studies in Conflict and Terrorism | Year: 2015

This article discusses the potential factors for the development of international terrorism in southern Africa. While the region has seemingly been spared the terror attacks that have ravaged most other parts of the continent, and the globe at large, it is not immune to these attacks. Using a survey of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries, particularly the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique, South Africa, Mauritius, Zimbabwe, and Tanzania, which illuminate some of the permissive factors, the article asks, largely, first, to what extent is southern Africa at risk of global terrorism? And, second, in what ways can southern African states reduce the risk of terrorism in the region? Broadly, the article contends that, like most developing countries, including those from other parts of Africa, there exist permissive, both root and trigger, factors including insecure borders, democratization challenges, poverty, urban centers and variegated forms of both substate and state terrorism, that could provide useful platforms for the growth of international terrorism. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Chinyoka K.,Great Zimbabwe University | Naidu N.,University of South Africa
Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences | Year: 2014

This article examines the home based factors that influence the academic performance of the girl child from poverty stricken households in Masvingo province, Zimbabwe. With the prevailing economic hardships faced by the majority of the people in Zimbabwe since 1990, the number of girl children living in poverty is continually increasing and it has become a growing issue. A qualitative phenomenological design was used incorporating focus group discussions, interviews and observations as data collection instruments with ten girl children, six parents and four teachers at two secondary schools, one rural and another urban in Masvingo province. The participants comprised girl students doing form three, their parents and also some of their teachers. The study is informed by Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory. This study established that the girl child's academic performance is affected by multiple contexts including family, home, neighbourhood and school. The study concluded that family income, parental level of education, gender, home circumstances, and family size influenced academic achievement of girls in secondary schools. The home circumstances of girls from poor backgrounds were observed to be not conducive to learning because of a lack of lighting, spending much time on domestic chores, having no desk or table to work at, or not having books at home. The girl learners also did not get basic needs met like food, sanitary pads and school fees. Recommendations are that the government should sensitize parents on the need and importance of supporting the education of girls and on the importance of providing for the needs of the girl child. Finally, every effort must be made to ensure that the affected children have stable, preferably home/family based care and adequate social support. Various policies and interventions can help to attenuate poverty's negative influence on child development.

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