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Masvingo, Zimbabwe

Great Zimbabwe University is an institution of higher learning in the city of Masvingo, Zimbabwe. It is currently situated on the Masvingo Teachers’ College campus seven kilometres east of Masvingo town. A larger campus is soon to be built near the Great Zimbabwe National Monument, the namesake of the university.One of a number of universities the government opened after independence in 1980, Great Zimbabwe University began life as the Masvingo State University . which was established through the recommendations of the 1995 Chetsanga Report. The report had proposed the devolution of teachers’ and technical colleges into degree-awarding institutions that would eventually become universities in their own right. A university college attached to the University of Zimbabwe was accordingly launched in 1999/2000. Two years later, an Act of Parliament created the autonomous Masvingo State University. The name was changed to Great Zimbabwe University two years later.The university offers degree and diploma programmes at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in the arts, commerce, education and the science. The programmes are designed to be responsive to the needs of the job market in Zimbabwe’s ever-changing economy. Wikipedia.

Mudhovozi P.,University of Venda | Nyanga T.,Great Zimbabwe University
Studies on Ethno-Medicine

The present study explored university students’ perceptions of cigarette smoking. A sample of 60 participants who were attending a leadership training course for student leaders was selected. A 16 – item questionnaire was administered to the participants to gather their opinions on cigarette smoking. The study found that there was a high prevalence of cigarette smoking among the students. The onset of smoking was high at high school with a comparable proportion at university level. The main agents of influences were peers, television and radio. There was a high level of awareness of the effects of cigarette smoking, although, perceived benefits were cited as self-justification for smoking. Most of the participants expressed willingness to quit smoking and suggested the use of lectures and graphic images as effective strategies for anti-smoking campaigns. The study recommended further research to explore gender differentiation on smoking. © Kamla-Raj 2015. Source

This article examined the perceptions of deaf youth about their vulnerability to sexual and reproductive health problems in Masvingo District of Zimbabwe. A quasi-survey was employed to carry out the field study. Therefore, a snowball sampling procedure was used to identify the respondents mainly because the target population constitutes one of the hard-to-reach groups. A sample of 50 deaf youth aged between 15 - 24 years was conveniently determined due to lack of comprehensive data of deaf population in the study area. Therefore, conclusions made in data analysis only referenced to the sampled population. Fifty questionnaires were administered among the deaf youth to collect quantitative data. Ten in-depth face-to-face interviews were carried out with deaf youth in order to qualify the magnitude of perceptions of deaf youth about their vulnerability to sexual and reproductive health problems. Sexual activity is taking place among the sampled deaf. The perceptions they had about vulnerability to sexual and reproductive health problems are mainly shaped by sexual socialization than their sensory conditions. Understanding the factors which influence the perceptions of deaf youth about sexual and reproductive health problems is significant mainly because the sexuality of people living with disabilities is poorly understood and neglected thereby putting them at risk of sexual and reproductive health problems as well as exposed to sexual violence. The study recommends that the government may adopt a human-rights approach to the provision of sexual and reproductive health services to ensure universal access information and inclusivity. Source

Mpofu E.,Mabalauta Field Station | Gandiwa E.,Scientific Services | Zisadza-Gandiwa P.,Scientific Services | Zinhiva H.,Great Zimbabwe University
Tropical Ecology

The abundance, distribution and status of baobabs (Adansonia digitata L.) in three land categories namely, (i) plains, (ii) riverine and rocky outcrops, and (iii) development areas, in southern Gonarezhou National Park (GNP), southeast Zimbabwe, were determined. Baobabs were sampled between April and August 2010 using transects along existing roads and the Mwenezi River. Height, basal circumference and elephant damage for each baobab tree was measured. A total of 117 baobabs were sampled using 17 transects with a combined length of 238 km. Mean baobab density was significantly higher in the development areas as compared to the plains, riverine and rocky outcrops. However, there were no significant differences in mean diameter at breast height and height for baobab trees across the three land categories. Elephants and possibly fire among other factors may be influencing baobab structure, abundance and distribution in southern GNP. Baobab densities in southern GNP do not seem to indicate that baobabs are in danger of extirpation. © International Society for Tropical Ecology. Source

Moyo S.,University of Zimbabwe | Mhloyi M.,University of Zimbabwe | Chevo T.,University of Zimbabwe | Rusinga O.,Great Zimbabwe University
Global Public Health

Male circumcision has witnessed a paradigm shift from being regarded as a religious and cultural practice to a global intervention strategy meant to curb transmission of HIV. This is particularly evident in sub-Saharan African countries where the HIV prevalence is greater than 15%. Zimbabwe adopted the voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) strategy in 2009; however, since then the uptake of the intervention has only 10% of the adult male population has reported having been circumcised. To better understand this limited uptake of VMMC, we conducted a qualitative study with uncircumcised men aged 15–79 years in Mhondoro-Ngezi, Zimbabwe. Through assessing men's attitudes towards VMMC in seven focus group discussions, conducted between July and August 2012, this article seeks to provide improved strategies for delivering this intervention in Zimbabwe. These data reveal that, in general, men have a negative attitude towards VMMC. Specific barriers to the uptake of VMMC included the perceived challenge to masculinity, post-circumcision stigma, lack of reliable and adequate information and perceptions about the appropriateness of VMMC. These results suggest that structural interventions aimed at reducing stigma related to circumcision, in addition to increased efforts to disseminate accurate information about VMMC, are required in order to dispel men's attitudes that hinder demand for VMMC. © 2015 Taylor & Francis. Source

Jiwo S.,University of Zimbabwe | Chikodza E.,Great Zimbabwe University
Journal of Uncertain Systems

A hybrid variable is a mathematical notion used to describe a situation in which randomness and fuzziness simultaneously appear in a system. Based on this concept, a hybrid optimal control problem is presented and investigated. In order to examine this hybrid optimal control problem, we first derive the Bellman's Optimality Principle. The principle is then used to prove a fundamental result called the equation of optimality for hybrid optimal control. This last result is applied to solve a portfolio selection problem in which the price process for a stock is described by a hybrid differential equation. © 2015 World Academic Press, UK. All rights reserved. Source

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