Masvingo, Zimbabwe

Great Zimbabwe University
Masvingo, Zimbabwe

Great Zimbabwe University is an institution of higher learning in the city of Masvingo, Zimbabwe. It is currently situated on the Masvingo Teachers’ College campus seven kilometres east of Masvingo town. A larger campus is soon to be built near the Great Zimbabwe National Monument, the namesake of the university.One of a number of universities the government opened after independence in 1980, Great Zimbabwe University began life as the Masvingo State University . which was established through the recommendations of the 1995 Chetsanga Report. The report had proposed the devolution of teachers’ and technical colleges into degree-awarding institutions that would eventually become universities in their own right. A university college attached to the University of Zimbabwe was accordingly launched in 1999/2000. Two years later, an Act of Parliament created the autonomous Masvingo State University. The name was changed to Great Zimbabwe University two years later.The university offers degree and diploma programmes at undergraduate and postgraduate levels in the arts, commerce, education and the science. The programmes are designed to be responsive to the needs of the job market in Zimbabwe’s ever-changing economy. Wikipedia.

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Chikabwi D.,Great Zimbabwe University | Chidoko C.,Great Zimbabwe University | Mudzingiri C.,University of the Free State
African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development | Year: 2017

This study investigates major drivers of manufacturing sector productivity growth of selected Southern African Development Community (SADC1) member countries. Using country-specific, fixed effects panel data modelled in a Cobb Douglas production function for the period 2000–2013, the study estimated manufacturing sector level data for nine SADC member states; namely, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Madagascar, Mozambique, Botswana, South Africa, Namibia, Mauritius and Tanzania. The country specific data was sourced from World Bank Development Indicators (2014). The study concludes that trade openness, technology transfer and capital investment positively influenced manufacturing sector productivity growth in the SADC countries. However, labour force and innovation are found to be influencing growth in the SADC region negatively. The study, therefore, recommends policy makers to put in place policy mechanisms aimed at promoting trade openness, technology transfer and capital investment for the region to realize meaningful growth in the manufacturing sector. The SADC presents an interesting and unexplored setting for studies focusing on regional growth. The general assumption is that the region shares cultural values, a colonial background and economically similar natural resources, and that growth patterns should, therefore, also be homogeneous to some extent. © 2017 African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development

Jiwo S.,University of Zimbabwe | Chikodza E.,Great Zimbabwe University
Journal of Uncertain Systems | Year: 2015

A hybrid variable is a mathematical notion used to describe a situation in which randomness and fuzziness simultaneously appear in a system. Based on this concept, a hybrid optimal control problem is presented and investigated. In order to examine this hybrid optimal control problem, we first derive the Bellman's Optimality Principle. The principle is then used to prove a fundamental result called the equation of optimality for hybrid optimal control. This last result is applied to solve a portfolio selection problem in which the price process for a stock is described by a hybrid differential equation. © 2015 World Academic Press, UK. All rights reserved.

Moyo S.,University of Zimbabwe | Mhloyi M.,University of Zimbabwe | Chevo T.,University of Zimbabwe | Rusinga O.,Great Zimbabwe University
Global Public Health | Year: 2015

Male circumcision has witnessed a paradigm shift from being regarded as a religious and cultural practice to a global intervention strategy meant to curb transmission of HIV. This is particularly evident in sub-Saharan African countries where the HIV prevalence is greater than 15%. Zimbabwe adopted the voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) strategy in 2009; however, since then the uptake of the intervention has only 10% of the adult male population has reported having been circumcised. To better understand this limited uptake of VMMC, we conducted a qualitative study with uncircumcised men aged 15–79 years in Mhondoro-Ngezi, Zimbabwe. Through assessing men's attitudes towards VMMC in seven focus group discussions, conducted between July and August 2012, this article seeks to provide improved strategies for delivering this intervention in Zimbabwe. These data reveal that, in general, men have a negative attitude towards VMMC. Specific barriers to the uptake of VMMC included the perceived challenge to masculinity, post-circumcision stigma, lack of reliable and adequate information and perceptions about the appropriateness of VMMC. These results suggest that structural interventions aimed at reducing stigma related to circumcision, in addition to increased efforts to disseminate accurate information about VMMC, are required in order to dispel men's attitudes that hinder demand for VMMC. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Mpofu E.,Mabalauta Field Station | Gandiwa E.,Scientific Services | Zisadza-Gandiwa P.,Scientific Services | Zinhiva H.,Great Zimbabwe University
Tropical Ecology | Year: 2012

The abundance, distribution and status of baobabs (Adansonia digitata L.) in three land categories namely, (i) plains, (ii) riverine and rocky outcrops, and (iii) development areas, in southern Gonarezhou National Park (GNP), southeast Zimbabwe, were determined. Baobabs were sampled between April and August 2010 using transects along existing roads and the Mwenezi River. Height, basal circumference and elephant damage for each baobab tree was measured. A total of 117 baobabs were sampled using 17 transects with a combined length of 238 km. Mean baobab density was significantly higher in the development areas as compared to the plains, riverine and rocky outcrops. However, there were no significant differences in mean diameter at breast height and height for baobab trees across the three land categories. Elephants and possibly fire among other factors may be influencing baobab structure, abundance and distribution in southern GNP. Baobab densities in southern GNP do not seem to indicate that baobabs are in danger of extirpation. © International Society for Tropical Ecology.

Mudhovozi P.,University of Venda | Nyanga T.,Great Zimbabwe University
Studies on Ethno-Medicine | Year: 2015

The present study explored university students’ perceptions of cigarette smoking. A sample of 60 participants who were attending a leadership training course for student leaders was selected. A 16 – item questionnaire was administered to the participants to gather their opinions on cigarette smoking. The study found that there was a high prevalence of cigarette smoking among the students. The onset of smoking was high at high school with a comparable proportion at university level. The main agents of influences were peers, television and radio. There was a high level of awareness of the effects of cigarette smoking, although, perceived benefits were cited as self-justification for smoking. Most of the participants expressed willingness to quit smoking and suggested the use of lectures and graphic images as effective strategies for anti-smoking campaigns. The study recommended further research to explore gender differentiation on smoking. © Kamla-Raj 2015.

Rusinga O.,Great Zimbabwe University
African journal of reproductive health | Year: 2012

This article examined the perceptions of deaf youth about their vulnerability to sexual and reproductive health problems in Masvingo District of Zimbabwe. A quasi-survey was employed to carry out the field study. Therefore, a snowball sampling procedure was used to identify the respondents mainly because the target population constitutes one of the hard-to-reach groups. A sample of 50 deaf youth aged between 15 - 24 years was conveniently determined due to lack of comprehensive data of deaf population in the study area. Therefore, conclusions made in data analysis only referenced to the sampled population. Fifty questionnaires were administered among the deaf youth to collect quantitative data. Ten in-depth face-to-face interviews were carried out with deaf youth in order to qualify the magnitude of perceptions of deaf youth about their vulnerability to sexual and reproductive health problems. Sexual activity is taking place among the sampled deaf. The perceptions they had about vulnerability to sexual and reproductive health problems are mainly shaped by sexual socialization than their sensory conditions. Understanding the factors which influence the perceptions of deaf youth about sexual and reproductive health problems is significant mainly because the sexuality of people living with disabilities is poorly understood and neglected thereby putting them at risk of sexual and reproductive health problems as well as exposed to sexual violence. The study recommends that the government may adopt a human-rights approach to the provision of sexual and reproductive health services to ensure universal access information and inclusivity.

Ziuku S.,Harare Institute of Technology | Seyitini L.,Great Zimbabwe University | Mapurisa B.,Great Zimbabwe University | Chikodzi D.,Great Zimbabwe University | van Kuijk K.,VU University Amsterdam
Energy for Sustainable Development | Year: 2014

This study seeks to assess the potential of utilizing Concentrated Solar Power for electricity generation in Zimbabwe. Data from 26 meteorological stations which are widely distributed around the country was used to map the distribution of solar radiation. Geographic information systems were employed to locate sites with potential for installing concentrating solar power plants. Areas with good potential were identified by using the following assessment factors: direct normal irradiance (DNI), proximity to transmission lines and water bodies, flatness of the area and the vulnerability of vegetation and wild life. After considering all the assessment factors, a total area of 250000km2 was found to be suitable. If only 10% of the suitable land area is used and the technology with the least efficiency (8-10%) is adopted, about 71.4GW can be generated. The projected power generation is about thirty times the current power demand of the country. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Konyana E.G.,Great Zimbabwe University | Sipeyiye M.,Midlands State University
International Journal of Sustainable Development | Year: 2015

Elitist socio-economic policies are largely responsible for community displacements in Africa. Historically, colonial governments' landintensive projects were major disruptive phenomena for the affected communities. Practically, however, displacement unsettles communities, upsets cultural or traditional practices, justice systems and communal livelihoods. Quite often, communal displacement represents low regard for human rights by state and non-state actors. Ironically, planners of displacements often adopt and deploy the rhetoric of sustainable development and modernism. In Zimbabwe, the persistent conclusion in displacement narratives is that land dispossessions pushed Africans into supporting the nationalist movements of the 1960s and the liberation struggle that followed. However, post-independence joint projects have continued to haunt communities. This paper presents moral issues associated with development-induced displacements and resettlement. It provides communal narratives emanating from the Public-Private Partnership Macdom-ARDA Chisumbanje ethanol project, arguing that the project is morally objectionable insofar as it is responsible for the displacement of thousands of local people. Copyright © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Marongwe N.,Great Zimbabwe University
Studies in Conflict and Terrorism | Year: 2015

This article discusses the potential factors for the development of international terrorism in southern Africa. While the region has seemingly been spared the terror attacks that have ravaged most other parts of the continent, and the globe at large, it is not immune to these attacks. Using a survey of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries, particularly the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique, South Africa, Mauritius, Zimbabwe, and Tanzania, which illuminate some of the permissive factors, the article asks, largely, first, to what extent is southern Africa at risk of global terrorism? And, second, in what ways can southern African states reduce the risk of terrorism in the region? Broadly, the article contends that, like most developing countries, including those from other parts of Africa, there exist permissive, both root and trigger, factors including insecure borders, democratization challenges, poverty, urban centers and variegated forms of both substate and state terrorism, that could provide useful platforms for the growth of international terrorism. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Chinyoka K.,Great Zimbabwe University | Naidu N.,University of South Africa
Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences | Year: 2014

This article examines the home based factors that influence the academic performance of the girl child from poverty stricken households in Masvingo province, Zimbabwe. With the prevailing economic hardships faced by the majority of the people in Zimbabwe since 1990, the number of girl children living in poverty is continually increasing and it has become a growing issue. A qualitative phenomenological design was used incorporating focus group discussions, interviews and observations as data collection instruments with ten girl children, six parents and four teachers at two secondary schools, one rural and another urban in Masvingo province. The participants comprised girl students doing form three, their parents and also some of their teachers. The study is informed by Bronfenbrenner's ecological theory. This study established that the girl child's academic performance is affected by multiple contexts including family, home, neighbourhood and school. The study concluded that family income, parental level of education, gender, home circumstances, and family size influenced academic achievement of girls in secondary schools. The home circumstances of girls from poor backgrounds were observed to be not conducive to learning because of a lack of lighting, spending much time on domestic chores, having no desk or table to work at, or not having books at home. The girl learners also did not get basic needs met like food, sanitary pads and school fees. Recommendations are that the government should sensitize parents on the need and importance of supporting the education of girls and on the importance of providing for the needs of the girl child. Finally, every effort must be made to ensure that the affected children have stable, preferably home/family based care and adequate social support. Various policies and interventions can help to attenuate poverty's negative influence on child development.

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