The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies is a postgraduate university located in Geneva, Switzerland. In academic and professional circles, the Graduate Institute is considered one of Europe's most prestigious institutions. The Institute's alumni and current/former faculty include ambassadors, foreign ministers, heads of state, former Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan, seven Nobel prize recipients, and one Pulitzer Prize winner. It specializes in the fields of political science, international relations, international law, international economics, international history, anthropology and development studies.The school has a diverse student body and cosmopolitan character due to its 80 percent intake of international students, of over 100 nationalities. It is located blocks from the United Nations headquarters in Europe, the World Trade Organization, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, and the World Health Organization.It is a full member of the Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs, a group of the world's top schools in international affairs, and accredited by the Swiss government as an independent academic institution.The Graduate Institute is continental Europe's oldest school of international relations and was the first university dedicated solely to the study of international affairs. It offered one of the first doctoral programs in international relations in the world. In 2008, the Graduate Institute of International Studies absorbed the Graduate Institute of Development Studies, a smaller post-graduate institution also based in Geneva. The merger resulted in the current Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies.In 2013, the school inaugurated its new campus, the Maison de la paix. Wikipedia.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: Health | Award Amount: 2.85M | Year: 2014
The ongoing Ebola outbreak in West Africa is the largest and deadliest the world has ever seen. In September 2014, the number of EBOV cases exceeded the total of all cases from previous known outbreaks. Further, this public health crisis shifted into a complex emergency, with significant, social, economic, humanitarian, political and security dimensions. Till date, no effective medicine has been proven to be effective against EBOV. As a result, it is immensely difficult to mitigate the current outbreak as well as prevent further outbreaks in this region. On Sept 4-5 2014, the WHO gathered expertise on experimental therapies and vaccines and their role in containing the Ebola outbreak in West Africa. During this consultation, experts identified several therapeutic and vaccine interventions that should be the focus of priority evaluation. Among these candidates is the existing antiviral drug Favipiravir, that has proven activity against many RNA viruses in vivo and in vitro including Ebola. Favipiravir is known to inhibit viral gene replication within infected cells to prevent propagation among which it inhibits viral gene replication within infected cells to prevent propagation. Hence, Favipiravir is currently aimed as a curative option in severe pandemic flue. Furthermore, there is currently enough stock of Favipiravir to even treat more than 20.000 patients, and the producer of Favipiravir, Toyoma Chemical/Fujifilm in Japan is willing to rapidly upscale the production of this drug. This drug has been extensively tested in humans and approved in Japan for treatment and prevention of influenza. The drug has shown an excellent safety profile in more than 2000 patients tested and no major adverse effect were reported. The current crisis requires both an immediate response to treat patients and prevent the further spread of the epidemic, as well as long term commitment in the complex sociocultural context. REACTION! will address both needs.
van Griethuysen P.,Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies
Ecological Economics | Year: 2012
This contribution postulates that a theoretical explanation of the foundational conditions of economic growth is a prerequisite for conceptually elaborating on the ways to foster degrowth. It suggests that reorienting the current unsustainable and inequitable path and implementing the degrowth transition in an ecologically sustainable and socially equitable manner requires a shift in the hierarchy of social norms, from the property-based economic rationale, where social and ecological considerations are subordinated to the specific requirements of capitalist expansion, towards an eco-social economic rationale, where economic activities are subordinated to social and ecological considerations and imperatives. Such an eco-social rationale could subordinate property capitalist expansion through the following, interrelated ways: limiting the scope of the property domain, regulating capitalisation practices, orienting investments, distributing returns and limiting the capitalist expansion of property. Nonetheless, getting out of the involutionary path of western development might require more radical alternatives, such as non-property, possession-based institutional arrangements and partnerships. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Bharadwaj A.,Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies
BioSocieties | Year: 2013
The article interrogates clinical and subjective patient experiences outside the institutionalized conditions of scientific communication. Drawing on the notion of consensibility - consensual and circumscribed rules of scientific engagement - the article re-imagines ethicality on the margins of an ethic of consensibility as inherently subaltern. The article is based on a multi-sited ethnography focused on a small clinical facility in India offering human embryonic stem cell (hESC) therapies for a spectrum of disorders to local and global patients. The emergence of subaltern ethicality, the article argues, is intimately linked to 'somatic ethics' in the event that a somatic ethical stance is operationalized outside the consensible space of science. The article draws on interview material with the clinical director and therapeutic experiences of patients from Germany, United States and Australia undergoing hESC therapy for chronic spinal cord injuries and lyme disease. In so doing, the article shows how subaltern ethicality is an ironic, critical stance pitted against demands for (bio)scientific and (bio)ethical consensibility while seeking to become incorporated and normalized within its folds. © 2013 The London School of Economics and Political Science.
Milesi-Ferretti G.-M.,Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies |
Tille C.,Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies
Economic Policy | Year: 2011
The current crisis saw an unprecedented collapse in international capital flows after years of rising financial globalization. We identify the stylized facts and main drivers of this development. The retrenchment in international capital flows is a highly heterogeneous phenomenon: first, across time, being especially dramatic in the wake of the Lehman Brothers' failure; secondly, across types of flows, with banking flows being the hardest hit due to their sensitivity of risk perception; and thirdly, across regions, with emerging economies experiencing a shorter-lived retrenchment than developed economies. Our econometric analysis shows that the magnitude of the retrenchment in capital flows across countries is linked to the extent of international financial integration, its specific nature - with countries relying on bank flows being the hardest hit - as well as domestic macroeconomic conditions and their connection to world trade flows. - Gian-Maria Milesi-Ferretti and Cédric Tille © CEPR, CES, MSH, 2011.
Sahakian M.D.,Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies
Energy Policy | Year: 2011
This paper addresses the topic of energy and development through a multi-disciplinary and systemic approach that combines environmental considerations with a social understanding of consumption. The focus is on electricity usage in the home and specifically lighting and cooling. Set in the urban mega-polis of Metro Manila, the Philippines, energy consumption is first placed in its biophysical perspective: the energy sources and electricity grid are presented, in relation to the Philippines as well as the region. The research findings then explore the social and cultural drivers behind household electricity consumption, revealing in several examples the strong influence of globalization-understood here as the flow of people, remittances, images and ideas. Policy recommendations are provided, based on the research results, with concluding remarks relevant to other similar contexts. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
van Griethuysen P.,Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies
Journal of Cleaner Production | Year: 2010
By questioning the origins of the inertia facing the degrowth movement, this contribution identifies property as the constitutive institution of capitalism, and property expansion as the dominant socioeconomic process leading world societies to economic path dependence, techno-institutional lock-in and eco-social impasse. Demonstrating why and how property-based economic rationality subordinates ecological and social considerations to capitalist requirements, this paper stresses both the need for an inversion in the hierarchy of social norms and the systemic opposition to such an inversion, which emanates from the capitalist/industrial expansion. The text also brings to light some disregarded processes underlying the current economic crisis, by pointing out the institutional and technological locked-in situation into which the western development path has led our societies. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Andonova L.B.,Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies
Global Environmental Politics | Year: 2010
The article examines the politics and patterns of public-private partnerships for the environment in the multilateral system. It argues that two kinds of dynamics have contributed to the hybridization of environmental authority at the global level. On one hand, the fragmentation of environmental regimes and the parallel growth of non-state actors have resulted in structural pressures and opportunities for public-private collaboration. More significantly, however, international organizations have responded to the pluralization of global environmental politics selectively and acted as entrepreneurs of collaborative governance. The analysis uses a principal-agent perspective of international organizations to specify the conditions for organizational entrepreneurship of public-private partnerships. The theoretical propositions inform the comparative analysis of three "meta" partnership programs in the multilateral system: the Small Grants Program, the Prototype Carbon Fund, and the environmental portfolio of the United Nations Fund for International Partnerships. The study demonstrates that public-private partnerships represent neither a radical "powershift" from established institutions, nor are partnerships a marginal governance fad. The three partnership programs examined here emerged out of the mandates and expertise of their lead organizations and partners, but established and diffused new niches of environmental governance, particularly around community-based biodiversity management and climate-change related technology diffusion. © 2010 by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Flandreau M.,Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies
Oxford Review of Economic Policy | Year: 2013
This paper unpacks the role of foreign bondholders committees in influencing market access following a default during the era before the creation of the British Corporation of Foreign Bondholders (CFB) in 1868. I argue that many ideas about this period need to be revisited. In particular, my evidence (which uses archival work to describe market microstructures) shows the importance of the London Stock Exchange (LSE) as a Court of Arbitration. I show how the LSE General Purpose Committee set up a system of Collective Action Clauses, requiring majority agreement among bondholders to permit market access. I argue that (unlike what research has argued thus far) this created powerful incentives for bondholders to get organized as they did. Previous models and historical 'lessons' need to be recast. © The Authors 2013. Published by Oxford University Press.
Peschard K.,Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies
Journal of Peasant Studies | Year: 2014
Farmers' access to and rights over seeds are the very pillars of agriculture, and thus represent an essential component of food sovereignty. Three decades after the term farmers' rights was first coined, there now exists a broad consensus that this new category of rights is historically grounded and imperative in the current context of the expansion of intellectual property rights (IPRs) over plant varieties. However, the issue of their realization has proven so thorny that even researchers and activists who are sympathetic to farmers' rights now express growing skepticism regarding their usefulness. In this article, I explore this debate through a case study of India's unique Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Rights (PPV&FR) Act. Based on an analysis of advances and setbacks in implementing the PPV&FR Act and a discussion of other relevant pieces of legislation, I argue that the politics of biodiversity and IPRs in India in recent years has been characteristic of the cunning state, and that this has seriously compromised the meaningful implementation of farmers' rights. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.
News Article | January 27, 2017
The world is still "grossly underprepared" for infectious disease outbreaks, which are likely to occur more frequently in the following decades, according to an international team of experts. The reviewed reports on recent Ebola outbreak in West Africa showed that being better prepared and responding in a more coordinated manner could have prevented 11,000 deaths due to Ebola. In August 2014, the WHO declared the Ebola outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC). In spite of the international efforts, the situation was not controlled well. It could have been managed significantly better and the infectious disease could have caused fewer deaths. The research, conducted at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies in Geneva, synthesized seven of the most important reports in the aftermath of the Ebola outbreak and discussed the key problems and recommendations. Additionally, the team also underlined the most important gaps between the recommendations and the course of action in each case. "Ebola, and more recently Zika and yellow fever, have demonstrated that we do not yet have a reliable or robust global system for preventing, detecting, and responding to disease outbreaks," noted the researchers. Based on the research results, there were three critical key areas: strengthening compliance with the International Health Regulations; improving research and knowledge sharing: and reforming WHO. "We found remarkable consensus on what went wrong with the Ebola response and what we need to do to address the deficiencies. Yet not nearly enough has been done," the authors added. The research was created in an attempt to raise the issue of global mobilization of resources when it comes to health threats, in order to better monitor and prevent the spread of the infectious diseases as well as the deaths caused by it. The average death rate of Ebola virus is approximately 50 percent, and case fatality rates have varied from 25 percent to 90 percent in the outbreaks. The first documented cases happened in the remote villages of Central Africa, located close to tropical rainforests. However, the vast majority of the cases in West Africa involved urban areas, along with the rural ones, according to the WHO. "Community engagement is key to successfully controlling outbreaks. Good outbreak control relies on applying a package of interventions, namely case management, surveillance and contact tracing, a good laboratory service, safe burials and social mobilization," notes the WHO website. While the WHO has issued numerous recommendations concerning the health control measures that should be taken into account by most individuals, many of the areas where the outbreak occurred were not able to take the necessary precautions. There have been more than 28,000 reported Ebola cases, with more than 11,000 deaths. The end of the Ebola transmission was, however, followed by the Zika outbreak. The current report shows that the world's resources could be handled significantly better and the current ways of dealing with outbreaks are far from ideal. © 2017 Tech Times, All rights reserved. Do not reproduce without permission.