CARROLLTON, TX, United States
CARROLLTON, TX, United States
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Patent
Gradalis, Inc. | Date: 2016-06-03

In certain preferred embodiments, the invention provides methods for treating cancer, which comprise (a) obtaining a specimen of cancer tissue from a patient; (b) obtaining a specimen of normal tissue in the proximity of the cancer tissue from such patient; (c) extracting total protein and RNA from the cancer tissue and normal tissue; (d) obtaining a protein expression profile of the cancer tissue and normal tissue using 2D DIGE and mass spectrometry; (e) identifying proteins that are expressed in such cancer tissue at significantly different levels than in the normal tissue; (f) obtaining a gene expression profile of the cancer tissue and normal tissue using microarray technology and comparing the results thereof to the protein expression profile; (g) prioritizing over-expressed proteins by assessing the connectivity thereof to other cancer-related or stimulatory proteins; (h) designing an appropriate RNA interference expression cassette to, directly or indirectly, modulate the expression of genes encoding such prioritized proteins; (i) incorporating said cassette into an appropriate delivery vehicle; and (j) providing the patient with an effective amount of the delivery vehicle to directly or indirectly, modify the expression (i.e., production) of such proteins.


Patent
Gradalis, Inc. | Date: 2016-12-21

In certain embodiments, the invention provides methods for treating cancer, comprising: obtaining a specimen of cancer tissue and normal tissue from a patient; extracting total protein; obtaining a protein expression profile; identifying over-expressed proteins; comparing the protein expression profile to a gene expression profile; identifying at least one prioritized protein target; designing a first RNA interference expression cassette; designing a first RNA interference expression cassette to modulate the expression of at least one gene encoding; incorporating the first cassette into a delivery vehicle; and providing a patient with an effective amount of the first delivery vehicle.


Patent
Baylor College of Medicine and Gradalis, Inc. | Date: 2013-01-10

A miR-196a antagonist capable of inhibiting a miR-196a activity, the miR-196a antagonist comprising one or more target sites for miR-196a. Included is also an expression vector comprising a promoter and a nucleic acid insert operably linked to the promoter, wherein the insert encodes one or more miR-196a antagonists capable of inhibiting a miR-196a activity. In one example, the one or more miR-196a antagonists comprise at least one stem-loop structure comprising a guide strand that comprises a sequence that is complementary to miR-196a, the stem-loop structure further comprising a passenger strand that comprises a mismatch.


Patent
Gradalis, Inc. | Date: 2015-07-31

Compositions and methods for cancer treatment are disclosed herein. More specifically the present invention describes an autologous cancer vaccine genetically modified for Furin knockdown and GM-CSF expression. The vaccine described herein attenuates the immunosuppressive activity of TGF- through the use of bi-functional shRNAs to knock down the expression of furin in cancer cells, and to augment tumor antigen expression, presentation, and processing through expression of the GM-CSF transgene.


Patent
Gradalis, Inc. | Date: 2014-06-27

The present invention relates to certain novel shRNA molecules and methods of use thereof. According to certain embodiments of the present invention, methods for reducing the expression level of a target gene are provided. Such methods generally comprise providing a cell with one or more precursor nucleic acid sequences that encode two or more RNA molecules. A first RNA molecule comprises a double stranded sequence, which includes a guide strand sequence that is complementary to a portion of an mRNA transcript encoded by the target gene. In addition, a second RNA molecule comprises a second double stranded sequence, which includes a second guide strand sequence that is partially complementary to a portion of the mRNA transcript encoded by the target gene. Preferably, the second guide strand sequence comprises one or more bases that are mismatched with a nucleic acid sequence of the mRNA transcript encoded by the target gene.


Patent
Gradalis, Inc. | Date: 2014-05-06

A method for designing a bi-shRNA expression cassette encoding a bi-shRNA comprising: selecting one or more target site sequences; providing a backbone sequence comprising a first and a second stem-loop structure, inserting a first passenger strand and a second passenger strand and providing for synthesis of the bi-shRNA expression cassette.


The present disclosure generally relates to processes for preparing highly pure plasmid compositions. The processes generally involve treating a composition comprising plasmid DNA with a polypeptide to digest colanic acid. The treated plasmid DNA is then separated from the treated composition.


Patent
Gradalis, Inc. | Date: 2014-06-27

The present invention relates to certain novel shRNA molecules and methods of use thereof. According to certain embodiments of the present invention, methods for reducing the expression level of a target gene are provided. Such methods generally comprise providing a cell with one or more precursor nucleic acid sequences that encode two or more RNA molecules. A first RNA molecule comprises a double stranded sequence, which includes a guide strand sequence that is complementary to a portion of an mRNA transcript encoded by the target gene. In addition, a second RNA molecule comprises a second double stranded sequence, which includes a second guide strand sequence that is partially complementary to a portion of the mRNA transcript encoded by the target gene. Preferably, the second guide strand sequence comprises one or more bases that are mismatched with a nucleic acid sequence of the mRNA transcript encoded by the target gene.


Patent
Gradalis, Inc. | Date: 2015-09-03

Compositions and methods to attenuate the immunosuppressive activity of TGF- through the use of bi-functional shRNAs is described herein. The bi-functional shRNAs of the present invention knocks down the expression of furin in cancer cells to augment tumor antigen expression, presentation, and processing through expression of the GM-CSF transgene.


Patent
Gradalis, Inc. | Date: 2014-11-07

In certain embodiments, the invention provides methods for treating cancer, comprising: obtaining a specimen of cancer tissue and normal tissue from a patient; extracting total protein; obtaining a protein expression profile; identifying over-expressed proteins; comparing the protein expression profile to a gene expression profile; identifying at least one prioritized protein target; designing a first RNA interference expression cassette; designing a first RNA interference expression cassette to modulate the expression of at least one gene encoding; incorporating the first cassette into a delivery vehicle; and providing a patient with an effective amount of the first delivery vehicle.

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