Ananthakrishnan T.,Government SKSJT Institute
Man-Made Textiles in India | Year: 2011
This paper presents review of various techniques used to treat the industrial effluents. It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove physical, chemical and biological contaminants. Its objective is to produce a treated effluent and a solid waste or sludge suitable for discharge or reuse back into the environment.
Gnanavel P.,Anna University |
Ananthakrishnan T.,Government Sksjt Institute
Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe | Year: 2013
Drape is one of the important factors influencing the aesthetics and functionality of fabrics. In this paper, the instrument used for measuring fabric drape was slightly modified from the Cusick Drapemeter(DM). Instead of tracing / digitally capturing the shadow of the drape profile, the xyz coordinate values at various locations were measured using the specially designed scale in the DM and analysed using surfer software. It generates the contour lines, vector lines, 3D profile, volume, area and other information like a variogram etc. The area was used to calculate the drape coefficient of fabrics, which was compared with the area generated by the image processing method. Studies with polyester cotton fabrics show that with different seam types and patterns (combinations of stitch direction and stitch type) the image processing method is insensitive in showing the difference due to the seam factor.
Shankar G.L.,Government Sksjt Institute |
Ananth Krishnan T.,Government Sksjt Institute
Journal of the Textile Association | Year: 2012
A bamboo fabric has a good reputation for the benefit to both human and earth in the clothing industry. A bamboo fibre is soft, absorbs good amount of moisture, strong and breathable. It grows very fast and can ready for harvesting in a span of four years which does not require replanting. The main chemical component is cellulose of about 57-63% and the most significant chemical component in the bamboo chemical constitution is 2.6-bimethoxy -p-benzoquinone called bamboo kun which is responsible for its extraordinary fungal and bacterial resistance. The products of the bamboo fibres are suitable for wide range of end uses in apparel industry starting from surgical cloths to hygiene cloths and from bedding fabrics to bathrobes.
Shivaprakash A.V.,Government Sksjt Institute |
Sheshachala D.,Government Sksjt Institute |
Sandeep D.N.,Government Sksjt Institute
Man-Made Textiles in India | Year: 2010
With the advancement in weaving machines, some three-dimensional (3-D)woven fabrics have been developed as reinforcements for composite parts. These products are like traditional woven fabrics except that a weave is also introduced in the vertical direction. In making the 3-D woven fabrics, multiple layers of fabric which are woven at the same time in parallel sheets, are simultaneously interlaced with strands of fibers in the perpendicular direction (that is, in the thickness or z-direction). This is like having weft fibres both across the warp and perpendicular to the warp. The result is, therefore, an integrated stack of fabrics that are bound together in a three-dimensional array. This type of weaving allows for shapes other than flat structures. Three-dimensional I-beams, T-stiffened panels, and similar shapes can also be created. These shaped preforms are very useful in preparing composites, where the composite can be made by simply infusing resin into the preforms and then curing.