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Thathola A.,Lsm Government Postgraduate College | Srivastava S.,Lsm Government Postgraduate College | Singh G.,Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture & Technology
Diabetologia Croatica | Year: 2011

The present study was conducted to show the long term effect of low glycemic index (GI) foxtail millet (setaria italica) biscuits (GI = 50.8) and burfi, a sweet product (GI = 37.5), on diabetics. This case control clinical trial was conducted on 30 type 2 diabetic subjects who were equally divided into 3 groups: experimental group 1 (EG-1), experimental group 2 (EG-2) and control group (CG). The EG-1 patients were supplemented with 100 g foxtail millet biscuits and EG-2 patients with 100 g foxtail millet burfi for 30 days. The study was further carried on for the next 30 days with EG-1 and EG-2 with cross over randomized clinical trial, during which EG-1 and EG-2 acted as their own control. The metabolic parameters studied were serum glucose, serum cholesterol, serum LDL, serum HDL, serum triglycerides, serum VLDL and glycosylated hemoglobin (GHb). Significant reduction was recorded in serum glucose (23%), serum cholesterol (6%), serum LDL (20%) and GHb (16.5%), and a slight decrease in serum triglycerides and VLDL. Serum HDL increased significantly by 23 per cent. Almost similar results were observed for foxtail millet burfi as for foxtail millet biscuits. During the cross over randomized clinical trial, all metabolic parameters except for HDL increased upon stopping the supplementation. Thus, it is concluded that foxtail millet as a low GI food product leads to modest improvement in long-term glycemic and lipidemic control in type 2 diabetics.

Negi C.S.,LSM Government Postgraduate College | Joshi P.,LSM Government Postgraduate College | Bohra S.,LSM Government Postgraduate College
Mountain Research and Development | Year: 2015

Any resource of high value and relevance to rural livelihoods is at risk of overexploitation. The anthropogenic pressure on the caterpillar fungus, Ophiocordyceps sinensis (Berk.) G.H. Sung, J.M. Sung, Hywel-Jones & Spatafora 2007, commonly referred to as yartsa gunbu, is intense, especially given the absence of traditional sustainable collection techniques. Stable harvests are the result of 2 factors: more people searching more intensely and extensively and the ongoing discovery of new areas for harvest. Increasing international demand and prices (presently around US$ 20,000 per kg) have resulted not just in overexploitation but also in the degradation of the fungus's habitat, thus endangering its future viability. This article reports on a rapid vulnerability assessment involving 2511 harvesters in 9 broad study sites and 110 villages in the Pithoragarh district in Uttarakhand state, India, in the central Himalaya, and recommends ways to lessen the pressure on this valuable species. © International Mountain Society.

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