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Lenswood, Australia

McLelland D.J.,Zoos South Australia | Reardon T.,South Australian Museum | Dickason C.,Government of South Australia | Kessell A.,Gribbles Veterinary Laboratories | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Wildlife Diseases | Year: 2013

In 2009, an outbreak of white nodular cutaneous lesions was detected in one of only two known breeding colonies of the critically endangered southern bentwing bat (Miniopterus schreibersii bassanii), at Nara-coorte, South Australia. Necropsies were conducted on 10 euthanized bats in September 2009. In October 2009, 123 bats were examined under anesthesia, with skin biopsies collected from 18 affected bats. Prevalence of skin lesions was 45.2%. The prevalence among males was three times greater than among females. The majority of lesions examined histologically were granulomas, typically centered on a nematode. A single lesion had epidermal hyperplasia with intracytoplasmic inclusions consistent with a pox virus; pox virions were identified on electron microscopy. Nematodes dissected from frozen lesions were identified morphologically as Riouxgolvania beveridgei, previously described in the eastern bentwing bat (Miniopterus schreibersii oceanensis). The factors contributing to this apparent disease emergence and outbreak remain undetermined. Lesions consistent with white nose syndrome were not identified. © Wildlife Disease Association 2013. Source

Bardsley D.K.,University of Adelaide | Rogers G.P.,Government of South Australia
Society and Natural Resources | Year: 2011

This article describes a regional approach to climate change adaption that focuses on engaging the natural resource management community. In a world tempered by increasing climatic uncertainty as a result of projected climate change, natural resource management practitioners are looking for approaches to respond through effective adaptation, yet the availability of practical tools to guide and inform their decision-making processes is limited. The social learning approach described was developed between the South Australian Government and the Adelaide and Mt Lofty Ranges Natural Resource Management Board. The approach successfully engaged stakeholders and provided a foundation upon which informed adaptation planning and action could take place. Techniques ranged from direct relationship building and participatory action learning, through to a regional vulnerability analysis and the development and application of a comprehensive regional adaptation response framework to guide future decisions. © 2011 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

Kaneiwa K.,Iwate University | Nguyen P.H.P.,Government of South Australia
Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Applied Computing | Year: 2012

In the Semantic Web context, the meta-modeling of concepts in ontologies and rules is required for defining the meanings of upper-level data and vocabularies. For this purpose, we propose a decidable fragment of order-sorted logic programming with hyper-predicate hierarchies. In the sorted language, we can employ simple- and hyper-predicates to express the concepts of sorts, predicates, and meta-predicates by unifying and enhancing them in a hyper-predicate hierarchy. The sorted Horn-clause calculus is extended to develop a query-answering system that can answer queries such as atoms and hyper-atoms generalized to contain predicate variables. We show that each query is computable in NEXPTIME if knowledge bases are function-free and safe. Furthermore, the computation can be reduced to EXPTIME if additional arguments in super-predicates and multiple predicate declarations are restricted. © 2012 ACM. Source

Harris M.,Flinders University | Wildgoose D.,Government of South Australia | Veale A.J.,Respiratory Medicine and Sleep Disorders Unit | Smith B.J.,Queen Elizabeth Hospital
Chronic Respiratory Disease | Year: 2010

This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitating factors to people with COPD performing the following actions: (a) reading a manual that contained summaries of evidence on treatments used in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and (b) at a medical consultation, asking questions that were provided in the manual and were designed to prompt doctors to review current treatments in the light of evidence. The manual was developed using current best practice and was designed to facilitate reading and discussion with doctors. In-depth interviews were held with patients who had received the manual. Of 125 intervention participants from a controlled clinical trial of the manual, 16 were interviewed in their homes in and around Adelaide, South Australia. Plain language writing and a simple layout facilitated reading of the manual by participants. Where the content matched the interests of participants this also facilitated reading. On the other hand, some participants showed limited interest in the evidence summaries. Participant comments indicated that they did not see it as possible or acceptable for patients to master research evidence or initiate discussions of evidence with doctors. These appeared to be the main barriers to effectiveness of the manual. If evidence summaries for patients are to be used in disease management, they should be understandable and relevant to patients and provide a basis for discussion between patients and doctors. Work is now needed so that we can both present evidence summaries in a way that is relevant to patients and reduce the barriers to patient-initiated discussions of evidence. Source

Warin M.,University of Adelaide | Zivkovic T.,University of Adelaide | Moore V.,University of Adelaide | Ward P.R.,Flinders University | Jones M.,Government of South Australia
Social Science and Medicine | Year: 2015

This paper examines the spatio-temporal disjuncture between 'the future' in public health obesity initiatives and the embodied reality of eating. Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork in a disadvantaged community in South Australia (August 2012-July 2014), we argue that the future oriented discourses of managing risk employed in obesity prevention programs have limited relevance to the immediacy of poverty, contingencies and survival that mark people's day to day lives. Extending Bourdieu's position that temporality is a central feature of practice, we develop the concept of short horizons to offer a theoretical framework to articulate the tensions between public health imperatives of healthy eating, and local 'tastes of necessity'. Research undertaken at the time of Australia's largest obesity prevention program (OPAL) demonstrates that pre-emptive and risk-based approaches to health can fail to resonate when the future is not within easy reach. Considering the lack of evidence for success of obesity prevention programs, over-reliance on appeals to 'the future' may be a major challenge to the design, operationalisation and success of interventions. Attention to local rather than future horizons reveals a range of innovative strategies around everyday food and eating practices, and these capabilities need to be understood and supported in the delivery of obesity interventions. We argue, therefore, that public health initiatives should be located in the dynamics of a living present, tailored to the particular, localised spatio-temporal perspectives and material circumstances in which people live. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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