Government of Jammu and Kashmir

of Jammu and Kashmir, India

Government of Jammu and Kashmir

of Jammu and Kashmir, India

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Farooq S.,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology | Wani S.A.,SKUAST of Kashmir | Hassan M.N.,Government of Jammu and Kashmir | Nazir N.,SKUAST of Kashmir | Nyrah Q.J.,SKUAST of Kashmir
Anaerobe | Year: 2015

In a study conducted, a total of 450 swab samples from footrot lesions of naturally infected sheep were collected in all the ten districts of the Kashmir valley and were examined for the presence of Dichelobacter nodosus (D. nodosus) and Fusobacterium necrophorum (F. necrophorum), in order to determine if F. necrophorum was associated with ovine footrot. The detection of F. necrophorum and D. nodosus was carried out by polymerase chain reaction targeting the leukotoxin (lktA) and 16S rRNA genes, respectively. In this study, only less than 50% of positive samples contained both the bacteria, so it is not possible to conclude with certainty that both bacteria are together required for the disease manifestation. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


Wani I.A.,University Of Kashmir | Jabeen M.,University Of Kashmir | Geelani H.,University Of Kashmir | Masoodi F.A.,University Of Kashmir | And 2 more authors.
Food Hydrocolloids | Year: 2014

Starch isolated from Indian Horse Chestnut ( Aesculus indica Colebr.) was subject to irradiation at 0, 5, 10, 15kGy doses. Effect of irradiation on physicochemical properties of native starch was studied. The result revealed increase in water absorption capacity from 0.94 to 1.00g/g, carboxyl content from 0.00 to 0.06%, solubility from 0.15 to 0.53g/g and freeze thaw stability. Syneresis, pasting properties and pH were reduced following irradiation treatment. Syneresis decreased from 3.47 to 0.64% after 120h refrigerated storage. Peak viscosity reduced from 5156.5 to 1422.5cP, setback viscosity from 1191.5 to 73.0cP and final viscosity from 3232.0 to 410.5cP. X-ray diffraction pattern showed A type of pattern in native as well as irradiated starches. Granule morphology of native and irradiated starches under scanning electron microscope revealed that granules were round, oval, irregular or elliptical with smooth surfaces. Pearson correlation studies revealed that irradiation dose was positively correlated with water absorption capacity, oil absorption capacity, and solubility index and negatively correlated with syneresis, swelling index, freeze thaw and pasting properties. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Sofi B.A.,University Of Kashmir | Wani I.A.,University Of Kashmir | Masoodi F.A.,University Of Kashmir | Saba I.,Government of Jammu and Kashmir | Muzaffar S.,University Of Kashmir
LWT - Food Science and Technology | Year: 2013

Starch isolated from broad beans (Vicia faba L. .), was treated by gamma irradiation at 0, 5, 10 and 15kGy doses. Moisture, protein, fat and ash contents of unirradiated (0kGy) starch were found to be 79.1g/kg, 5.0g/kg, 4.7g/kg and 4.8g/kg, respectively. Effect of irradiation on physico-chemical properties of native starch was studied. The results revealed significant (p≤0.05) increase in solubility, carboxyl content, water absorption capacity and freeze thaw stability with the increase in irradiation dose, whereas pasting properties, syneresis and pH were reduced significantly following irradiation treatment. X-ray diffraction pattern showed C type of pattern in native as well as irradiated starches, with reduced intensity of peaks in irradiated starches. Granule morphology under scanning electron microscopy revealed that granules were round, oval, irregular or elliptical. Granules varied in length from 6.8 to 14.9μm and in width from 3.1 to 10.5μm. Pearson co-relation studies revealed that irradiation dose was positively co-related with water absorption capacity, solubility index and negatively correlated with syneresis, freeze thaw stability, swelling index, and pasting properties. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


Bhat S.A.,Barkatullah University | Chalkoo S.R.,Government of Jammu and Kashmir | Shammi Q.J.,Barkatullah University
Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences | Year: 2011

Fish were offered either restricted feeding (5% of body weight or 1% body weight as maintenance requirement) or appetite feeding subdivided into three equal feeds. The best (P<0.05) growth response in terms of final body weight, percent weight gain and specific growth rate (SGR) was observed for feeding schedule I (control), for fish fed to appetite throughout. Feeding schedule II showed significantly the highest (P<0.05) growth response in terms of final body weight, percent weight gain and specific growth rate (SGR) in comparison with other feeding schedules. Growth rate and food conversion efficiency (FCE) in feeding schedule II were markedly higher during phase II in comparison with phase I. Phase I (0-4 weeks) growth rate slightly increased in fish fed restricted ration throughout (T-II). In contrast, in phase II (4 - 8 weeks) fish were fed to appetite throughout (T-II) showed a rapid increase in fortnightly growth response and higher growth rates, feed consumption and FCE. © Published by Central Fisheries Research Institute (CFRI) Trabzon, Turkey.


Khan A.M.,Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University | Sultana M.,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology | Raina R.,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology | Dubey N.,Government of Jammu and Kashmir | Dar S.A.,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B - Biological Sciences | Year: 2013

The current study was undertaken to investigate the potential oxidative stress and hematological alterations induced by sub-acute oral exposure of bifenthrin in goats, after its repeated oral administration, at the dose rate of 5 mg/kg body weight daily for 28 days. The oxidative stress parameters such as malondialdehyde, blood glutathione, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione s-transferase were studied on days 0, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 of bifenthrin exposure and days 7 and 14 of post-exposure period. To explore the relationship of oxidative stress with the alterations in hematological parameters like hemoglobin, packed cell volume and total erythrocyte count were also studied, simultaneously. The bifenthrin-exposed animals showed a significant increase in malondialdehyde level, whereas, the significant decrease in the levels of antioxidant parameters was noticed. A significant decrease in hemoglobin, packed cell volume and total erythrocyte count was reported, indicating a close relationship of oxidative stress and hematological alterations. After bifenthrin withdrawal, there was an improvement in the condition, as indicated by reversal in both oxidative stress and hematological parameters to the normal range. © 2013 The National Academy of Sciences, India.


Muzaffar S.,University Of Kashmir | Maqbool K.,University Of Kashmir | Wani I.A.,University Of Kashmir | Masoodi F.A.,University Of Kashmir | Bhat M.M.,Government of Jammu and Kashmir
Acta Alimentaria | Year: 2016

Studies were conducted to characterize the chestnut starch for physico-chemical properties. Chemical composition of chestnut starch showed low levels of protein and ash indicating purity of starch. The results revealed low water and oil absorption capacity of chestnut starch. Starch showed high swelling power and low solubility index. Swelling power and solubility index of chestnut starch increased with increase in temperature (50-90 °C). The results revealed high initial, peak, setback, breakdown, and fi nal viscosity but low paste development temperature. Transmittance (%) of the starch gel was low and decreased with increasing storage period. The chestnut starch gel showed increase in % water release (syneresis) with increase in time of storage but was less susceptible to repeated cycles of freezing and thawing. Starch was also characterized for granule morphology. Starch granules were of round and oval shapes, some granules showed irregular shape. © 2016 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest.


Lone D.A.,University Of Kashmir | Wani N.A.,Government of Jammu and Kashmir | Wani I.A.,University Of Kashmir | Masoodi F.A.,University Of Kashmir
International Food Research Journal | Year: 2015

Fish protein isolate contains myofibrillar proteins extracted from the fish muscle, can be used as an ingredient for production of value added and ready-to-eat products based on functionality. Rainbow trout fish protein isolate was prepared by pH shift method and studied for functional properties. The rainbow trout fish protein isolate (RTFPI) had 3.5% moisture, 75.6% protein, 2.4% fat and ash content of 4.0%. The RTFPI had bulk density of 0.58 g/mL and brownish yellow colour. Oil and water holding capacity was 0.14 and 2.2 mL/g, respectively. The emulsifying activity index of RTFPI at pH 3, 5 and 7 was 281.0, 207.3 and 535.0 m2/g respectively, while as the emulsifying stability index was 11.3, 4.2 and 7.0 min at pH 3, 5 and 7 respectively. The RTFPI had foaming capacity and stability of 13.2% and 90% at pH 7 while as foam did not form at pH 3 and 5. Protein solubility curve of RTFPI was U-shaped with minimum solubility at pH 5.


Raja S.A.,Government of Jammu and Kashmir
Journal of Biopesticides | Year: 2010

Powdery mildew caused by Phyllactinia corylea (Pers.) Karst is a serious disease of mulberry inflicting considerable qualitative as well as quantitative losses. Owing to non eco-friendly nature, toxicity to silkworm, high cost and other side effects of chemical control measures, search for other management strategies devoid of such drawbacks becomes inevitable. In the present study, five biocontrol agents viz., Trichoderma viride, Trichoderma harzianum, Gliocladium roseum, Trichothecium roseum and Chaetomium indicum were evaluated for their efficacy against powdery mildew of mulberry. Culture filtrate of these biocontrol agents were tested in vitro for their fungitoxicant activity against conidial germination of P. corylea. Among the culture filtrate of biocontrol agents tested, both T. viride and T. harzianum @ 50.0% were highly effective and inhibited the conidial germination by 75.08% and 72.23%, respectively. Gliocladium roseum, T. roseum and C. indicum each at 6.25% concentration were the least effective treatments and did not provide more than 11.0% conidial germination inhibition. The in vitro treatments exhibiting conidial germination inhibition of more than 50.0% were also tested in vivo for the management of the disease. Culture filtrates of T. viride and T. harzianum both at 50.0% concentration were equally most effective and were at par with carbendazim 50 wp @ 0.05% by providing 65.14% - 68.68% disease control. © JBiopest.


Mahar N.,Wildlife Institute of India | Habib B.,Wildlife Institute of India | Shawl T.,Government of Jammu and Kashmir | Gopi G.V.,Wildlife Institute of India | And 3 more authors.
Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society | Year: 2015

Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus is a long distance migrant to the Indian subcontinent, with the major population breeding in China. There is a small breeding population in Ladakh, Mongolia, and Kyrgyzstan. To gain an understanding of their movement pattern and home range, we monitored two PTT tagged Bar-headed Geese (BG111847 & BG111848) captured from the Gharana Conservation Reserve, Jammu & Kashmir, India, during March to August 2012. The origin of the tagged birds, whether from Ladakh or extralimital, could not be ascertained as both the PTTs functioned only for 5-6 months; also, the birds did not move to their breeding grounds till the signals were received in August. During the tracking period, the PTT fitted geese used the Tawi river floodplains of India and Pakistan, in Jammu and Sialkot districts respectively. BG111847 used a 431 km long stretch of the Tawi floodplains, while BG111848 used only a 54 km stretch. The home range of BG111847 was 52.60 sq. km [85% MCP (Minimum Convex Polygon)] and the core area was 7 sq. km (50% MCP), while the home range for BG111848 was 29.68 sq. km (85% MCP) and the core area was 2 sq. km (50% MCP). Post winter, the two geese used around 17 small wetlands in the Tawi river floodplains, moving between India and Pakistan intermittently, indicating the need for cross-border efforts for the long-term conservation of the species in this region. Our results are preliminary and further studies are needed to understand the migration pattern and habitat use of the Bar-headed Goose wintering in the Gharana Conservation Reserve and adjoining areas.

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