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Many analysts consider 2008 to have been “NGO year zero” for China, as the relief and reconstruction process following the Wenchuan earthquake witnessed a significant surge in NGO activity. This study traces the development trajectory of three NGOs in Y City over the eight years since the area was severely struck by the Wenchuan earthquake. These NGOs actively assisted in the post-disaster recovery. By the time the reconstruction was complete, they had translated their distinct resources, development plans, and relationships with local government into different approaches to helping the local community. This study proposes an interactive model that captures the nuanced dynamics over time on both sides of the NGO–local government relationships. The model focuses on variations in NGOs’ orientations and bargaining power. This yields a matrix with four elementary types of relationship: “parent-–child,” “mercantile,” “predator–prey,” and alienated relationships. These interaction patterns and their effects are clearly seen in the case studies. © 2017 International Society for Third-Sector Research and The Johns Hopkins University


Cheng Y.K.,Government of Hong Kong
Journal of Forensic Identification | Year: 2016

This case report discusses how CCTV footage was used to link a suspect to a murder scene. Forensic video analysis revealed that the person in the CCTV footage wore a pair of sports shoes with an outsole pattern design that appeared to be the same as that of the bloody footwear impressions at the scene. The results of footwear impression and forensic video examination, and other circumstantial evidence, were sufficient to establish a prima facie case for a court hearing.


News Article | February 28, 2017
Site: en.prnasia.com

HONG KONG, Feb. 28, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- The internationally-acclaimed full-service airline, Hong Kong Airlines (the "Company"), announced the appointment of global branding expert Mr George Liu as Chief Marketing Officer (CMO). Heading up Hong Kong Airlines' Branding and Customer Experience Department, Mr Liu's role will be instrumental in leading the airline's branding, marketing, communications, and customer experience in line with the overall company transition and business expansion from a regional airline to an international carrier. Mr Liu brings to the position over 25 years of solid experience in brand strategy, marketing, communications, customer relations and government affairs, with successful track records supporting companies around the world. Mr Liu previously served as the Director, Airline Global Brand & Marketing at Boeing Commercial Airplanes, based in the United States for 10 years where he managed strategic partnerships with customer airlines in establishing, enhancing and refreshing their brands globally and supported their launching of new international routes. He spearheaded Boeing's global "Brand Academy" initiative. Prior to that, he was Vice President of Communications at Boeing China. Mr Liu also held numerous senior management positions with renowned agencies including Weber Shandwick and Golin/Harris, now part of Inter Public Group, and represented the Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in the U.S., by working closely with Washington DC-based think tanks, the U.S. Congress and the media to build "an army of advocates". Mr Liu holds a Master of Arts degree in sociology from the Ohio University, and studied in the Ph.D. program in crisis management at George Mason University. Mr Wang Liya, President of Hong Kong Airlines said, "We are enormously excited to welcome Mr Liu to the management team. Mr Liu's proven track record in brand marketing and expertise in the aviation/airline industry will be invaluable as the Company enters its next growth phase and broadens its global reach. Upon Mr Liu's appointment, the Company has also pioneered to combine branding and customer experience functions, aiming to uplift the Company's customer-centric service culture by integrating customer's needs, experience, feedbacks and expectations with branding, marketing and overall service enhancement." Mr George Liu said, "Hong Kong Airlines is at an exciting stage of development as it evolves to become an international carrier. Leveraging on my experience and understanding of the industry and the marketing landscape across the globe, I am looking forward to working closely with the management team to take the airline to the next level." Established in 2006, Hong Kong Airlines is a full-service airline firmly rooted in Hong Kong. It has grown remarkably in just ten years with a wide destination network covering 36 major cities across the Asia Pacific region, including Gold Coast, Auckland, Beijing, Shanghai, Taipei, Tokyo, Sapporo, Seoul, Bangkok, Bali and Okinawa. The Company has also signed codeshare agreements with 13 airlines and 70 interline partners. The current operating fleet is made up of 34 Airbus aircraft, consisting of 29 passenger aircraft and 5 freighters. With an average age of around 4.6 years, Hong Kong Airlines operates one of the youngest fleets in the world. Hong Kong Airlines has been awarded the internationally acclaimed four-star rating from Skytrax since 2011. It was also the winner for Asia's Leading Inflight Service in World Travel Awards 2015. For more information, please visit:


Kwong Y.-H.,Government of Hong Kong
Asian Journal of Gerontology and Geriatrics | Year: 2015

Background. This study aimed to explain the causes of digital divide in the elderly people in Hong Kong and to provide recommendations for improvement. Methods. Official statistics and findings from other studies on digital divide were reviewed to determine the prevalence, causes, consequences, and recommendations on this issue. Results. In 2013, the personal computer use rates were 18.4% for those aged ≥65 years, 99.5% for those aged 15 to 24 years, and 74.9% for the overall mean, whereas the Internet use rates were 18% for those aged ≥65 years, 98.2% for those aged 15 to 24 years, and 74.2% for the overall mean. In 2013, the Internet use rates for those aged ≥65 years were 59% in the United States, 46% in Australia, 42% in the United Kingdom, and 18% in Hong Kong. The causes of digital divide were (1) inadequate motivation, (2) physical and material access, (3) digital skills, and (4) usage. The primary reasons for not having a personal computer included not knowing how to use computers (70.4%) and no specific application (44.3%). The reasons for seniors to access the Internet were to read online news (83%) and to send or receive emails (communication) (77.4%). Thus, providing elder-friendly websites for reading news online and a mobile messaging application for communication is recommended. Digital training courses for seniors should be made elder-friendly. Conclusion. Hong Kong government adopts a digital inclusion approach towards integrating seniors in the information society. Nonetheless, digital divide among seniors remains. © 2015, Hong Kong Academy of Medicine Press. All rights reserved.


Lam C.,Government of Hong Kong
Geotechnical Testing Journal | Year: 2016

The density of slurries is an important quality-control parameter for many types of geotechnical works, such as slurry trenching, grouting, and bored piling. Although the working range of this parameter has been refined over the years in many standard specifications, surprisingly almost nothing has been done to improve the accuracy of the density-measurement technique. For density testing, almost all of the current standards specify the use of the conventional mud balance, although it has a measurement range far greater than what is actually needed for civil engineering works. To provide a scientific basis for the possible adoption of other measurement tools, this paper compares the performance of four different tools, namely, mud balance, digital density meter, aerometer, and pycnometer. From the results, it was found that the performance of the pycnometer depends on its measurement volume, and that the one with a nominal volume of 2 liters gives the best overall performance (measurement error ≤0.001 g/cm3). The accuracy of the mud balance and the aerometer has been found to be dependent on how they are read (i.e., to the original scale division or with care to a half a division) and also on the specimen. The digital density meter, although having good overall performance, cannot be used to measure fluids containing coarse soil particles because of the small diameter of the internal vibrating U-tube. The findings of this study will find applications in geotechnical works involving the use of slurries or grouts. Copyright by ASTM Int'l (all rights reserved).


Tang H.P.O.,Government of Hong Kong
TrAC - Trends in Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2013

The Stockholm Convention (SC) on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) is a global treaty under the United Nation Environmental Program with the aims to protect human health and the environment from hazardous, long-lasting chemicals through a series of activities to reduce and ultimately to eliminate their release. To assess the effectiveness of these activities undertaken worldwide, the Global Monitoring Plan was established in a bid to obtain comparable monitoring data on distribution of POPs, to identify changes in concentration over time, and to provide information on their regional and global environmental transport. Over 10. years after the adoption of the SC, new or improved techniques have been developed to strengthen the measurement capabilities of the parties to the SC. This article reviews the literature published in 2008-12 on the analysis of 22 POPs under the SC, covering recent development in sample preparation, separation, and detection in analysis of POPs. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.


An analytical procedure for the simultaneous and confirmatory determination of melamine and related compounds, viz. ammeline, ammelide and cyanuric acid, in various food matrices (including milk, milk powder, cereal, biscuit and porcine muscle) using isotope dilution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (ID-GC-MS) has been developed. In brief, the target analytes were extracted from a homogenised sample (which had been spiked quantitatively with the corresponding stable isotopically labelled analogues) by sonication using 0.01 M NaOH-acetonitrile (1:1). The extract then underwent solvent partitioning using diethyl ether followed by dichloromethane, further clean-up with mixed-mode ion exchange solid phase extraction (SPE) column chromatography, and derivatisation using N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide (BSTFA) with 1% trimethylchlorosilane (TMCS) reagent in the presence of a base (pyridine) before being analysed by GC-MS in selected ion monitoring (SIM) mode. Repeatability studies showed that the established procedure for various food matrices was reliable and reproducible with a method precision within the range of 0.3-7.5% RSD. Mean recoveries of fortified samples in different food matrices were within the range of 83.7-108.3%. The reported method has been practically demonstrated to be applicable to concentration levels down to 0.2 mg kg-1 (for melamine, ammeline and ammelide) and 0.5 mg kg-1 (for cyanuric acid) for various food types, which can cope with the maximum tolerable limits set worldwide for melamine and related compounds. The limits of quantification (LOQ) for melamine, ammeline, ammelide and cyanuric acid of this method were found to be 0.10 mg kg-1, 0.09 mg kg-1, 0.10 mg kg-1, and 0.25 mg kg-1, respectively. The relative measurement uncertainties of the method for the target analytes with a coverage factor of 2 (at an approximately 95% level of confidence) were estimated to be in the range of 7.2-25%. This method can serve as an effective screening procedure and also as an alternative method for confirmation or for litigation purposes. © 2013 The Royal Society of Chemistry.


Zhan J.V.,Government of Hong Kong
Environmental and Resource Economics | Year: 2015

Rampant corruption is often observed in resource-rich countries, especially developing countries with weak political institutions. However, controversies exist regarding whether and how natural resources systematically breed corruption. With empirical evidence from China and through a subnational approach, I shed new light on the impacts of resources on corruption. By qualitative study of corruption cases, I identify the causal channels through which resources contribute to corruption, and using cross-regional and longitudinal statistical analysis on a unique dataset of corruption rates in China, I find that resource dependence significantly increases the propensity for corruption by state employees. © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht


Zhan J.V.,Government of Hong Kong
Crime, Law and Social Change | Year: 2012

Corruption exists around the world and throughout the human history, but societies undergoing rapid modernization and institutional transition tend to be more susceptible to this problem. This article analyzes the corruption-facilitating roles of guanxi network under transition. It argues that when deficient political and economic institutions hamper the effective flow of information and resources and when fast structural changes generate uncertainty, people can resort to guanxi network, an informal institution, to overcome these difficulties and advance their private interests. Using empirical evidence from reform-era China, this article demonstrates how the communication, exchange, and normative functions of guanxi network enhance the opportunities, means, and incentives for public officials to engage in corruption, especially transactional corruption through particularistic ties. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Wu F.,Government of Hong Kong
Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning | Year: 2013

Environmental activism and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are not limited to major cities, but have gradually taken root in provincial and local politics in China. This paper compares the development and characteristics of environmental activism in Guangdong province and Guangxi autonomous region, with the aim of shedding light on the causes of regional disparities in this field. With extensive and strong ties to peer organizations across issue areas within the province, grassroots environmental groups in Guangdong have grown as an integral part of local civil society. They have survived, through mutual-support, on a larger scale than those in Guangxi. Also, with a higher level of networking and capacity, environmental NGOs in Guangdong are more able to utilize the new opportunities offered by recent institutional reforms in social management and environmental protection in the province. The paper, thus, challenges the argument that over-emphasizes the domination of the state and points out that inter-organizational partnerships and the overall maturity of the civil society sector contribute most to the uneven development of grassroots environmental activism. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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