Lal P.,The Union South East Asia Office |
Kumar R.,The Union South East Asia Office |
Ray S.,Voluntary Health Association of Tripura |
Sharma N.,Himachal Pradesh Voluntary Health Association |
And 6 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015
Background: Sale of single cigarettes is an important factor for early experimentation, initiation and persistence of tobacco use and a vital factor in the smoking epidemic in India as it is globally. Single cigarettes also promote the sale of illicit cigarettes and neutralises the effect of pack warnings and effective taxation, making tobacco more accessible and affordable to minors. This is the first study to our knowledge which estimates the size of the single stick market in India. Materials and Methods: In February 2014, a 10 jurisdiction survey was conducted across India to estimate the sale of cigarettes in packs and sticks, by brands and price over a full business day. Results: We estimate that nearly 75% of all cigarettes are sold as single sticks annually, which translates to nearly half a billion US dollars or 30 percent of the India's excise revenues from all cigarettes. This is the price which the consumers pay but is not captured through tax and therefore pervades into an informal economy. Conclusions: Tracking the retail price of single cigarettes is an efficient way to determine the willingness to pay by cigarette smokers and is a possible method to determine the tax rates in the absence of any other rationale.
Sahu A.K.,Regional Muga Research Station |
Dutta P.K.,Government of Assam |
Ali F.,Government of Assam |
Choudhury B.,Muga Silkworm Seed Organization |
Baruah A.B.,Muga Silkworm Seed Organization
Indian Silk | Year: 2013
The chain of activities relating to pre-seed, seed and commercial crops of muga rearing is so interlinked that partial or complete loss of Bhodia seed crops has major impact on production of muga silk in the country. A study conducted in the rearing areas of Assam and Meghalaya brings to the fore factors causing near to complete loss of crop, and presents the suggestions that deserve immediate consideration.
Dev V.,National Institute of Malaria Research Field Station |
Mahanta N.,Gauhati Medical College and Hospital |
Baruah B.K.,Government of Assam
Tropical Biomedicine | Year: 2015
Dengue is emerging as major public health concern in northeast India and spreading with increased morbidity. Most cases were recorded in Guwahati metropolitan city of the state of Assam during post-monsoon months (September- December). These comprised all age groups of both sexes with significantly higher incidence of cases in adult males aged 26-60 years. © 2015, Malaysian Society for Parasitology. All rights reserved.
Brahmachary P.,Government of Assam |
Choudhury S.,National Institute of Technology Silchar
Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India): Civil Engineering Division | Year: 2011
Masonry infill walls are provided in reinforced concrete frame buildings as cladding and partitions. The infill walls increase the stiffness of buildings and influence the dynamic response. The Indian seismic code takes care of the effect of infill indirectly through approximate period formula. In this paper the consequence of the codal procedure of design on nonlinear performance of reinforced concrete frame buildings with infill have been investigated. Four building plans and two building heights have been considered. In the first phase of the investigation, the performance of the buildings designed as per Indian codes has been evaluated through pushover analysis and nonlinear time history analysis. In the second phase of the investigation, the same designed buildings are fitted with diagonal infill struts modeled as per FEMA-356. The performance of the buildings is again evaluated and the results are compared with the former set of results. The second set of evaluation is realistic and reflects the real seismic condition when the buildings shake along with infill walls. From the results it has been found that evaluation of building performance only by using period formula and base shear correction and without incorporating infill strut elements in the model exhibit inferior performance and, hence, may be misleading.