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Lone P.A.,Government Narmada Post Graduate College | Bhardwaj A.K.,Government Narmada Post Graduate College
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2013

Bandipora district is one of the 22 districts in Jammu and Kashmir state that was carved out from the erstwhile Baramulla district on 02-04-2007. The local people of the district have always used medicinal plants for the treatment of various ailments by traditional methods. Utilization of medicinal plants especially by tribal communities is directly linked to their culture and history. There are many villages that are repositories of indigenous knowledge and practices. Documentation of such knowledge is required in view of the day by day disappearing knowledge in the new generations. Therefore, in the present study an attempt has been made to document some locally available plants utilized traditionally by the inhabitants of this district. A total of 30 plant species belonging to 19 different families were reported used traditionally by the inhabitants. Study of this type would help developing a comprehensive database of the plants used in household remedies, strengthening the health care system in the villages and also in conserving the traditional knowledge for prosperity.

Lone P.A.,Government Narmada Post Graduate College | Bhardwaj A.K.,Institute for Excellence in Higher Education IEHE | Shah K.W.,Government Narmada Post Graduate College | Bahar F.A.,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology
Research Journal of Botany | Year: 2016

Background: One of the important ecological factors for the survival of plants is the soil. Fertility of soil is determined by the presence or absence of nutrients which have agronomic importance. Bandipora, a temperate Himalayan district of Kashmir is endowed with rich and unique floristic diversity with a good proportion of plants used locally as ethnomedicine. Although, a number of studies, mainly focused on the enumeration of medicinal plants have been conducted in the region, but so far no such study has been carried out to check the fertility condition of soils where threatened medicinal plants grow luxuriantly. In this backdrop, present study was conducted to ascertain the soil macronutrient status of some sites where locally used threatened medicinal plants of the region grow luxuriantly. Materials and Methods: Corresponding soil samples of locally used threatened medicinal plants were collected from three physiographic zones and analysed for properties such as pH, organic carbon, available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Results: A total of 23 composite soil samples were collected and categorised into low, medium and high altitude soils. Variations existed in the estimated chemical parameters depending on the environmental conditions (altitude aspect) wherefrom the soil samples were collected. Low land and medium land soils were neutral to slightly alkaline, while those of high land were acidic. All soils were high in organic carbon and medium in available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Conclusion: This study generated a useful information concerning chemical properties of corresponding soils of locally used threatened medicinal plants of the region and if this information is put to use in the cultivation of these plants at places of choice, simply by making soil amendments, there is no doubt that the extinction of these precious resources can be checked. © 2016 Parvaiz Ahmad Lone etal.

Lone P.A.,Government Narmada Post Graduate College | Bhardwaj A.K.,Government Narmada Post Graduate College | Bahar F.A.,Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology
African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines | Year: 2015

Background: The documentation and phytochemical screening of medicinal plants has been an important way over the years for the discovery of new drugs and pharmaceutical products. Bandipora, one of the northern districts of Kashmir, India, is rich in ethnic and biological diversity. Owing to increasing demand and subsequent pressure on medicinal plants, it is highly imperative to document their traditional uses, understand their distribution and diversity, and highlight their availability in their natural habitats. To this end, the present study was carried out to elicit a firsthand wealth of information on the traditional medicinal uses of plants practiced by the local populace of this remote district. Material and Methods: Frequent field trips and plant collections were made between March 2011 to October 2012 and the methods used to gather ethnomedicinal data included semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions and walk-in-the-woods with local knowledgeable elders, traditional practitioners (Bhoeris) and tribals (Gujjars and Bakkerwals). The collected data was analyzed with three quantitative tools viz. the informant consensus factor (Fic), fidelity level (FL) and use value (UV). Results: A total of 131 plant species belonging to 120 genera and 59 different families were found to be used as remedies for curing various human and livestock ailments. Out of 131 species, angiosperms comprised the highest number (124 species) followed by pteridophytes (4 species) and gymnosperms (3 species). Two dominant families were Asteraceae (16 species) and Lamiaceae (9 species). The highest informant’s consensus factor (Fic) value was 0.95 for insect stings, followed by dermatological, hair ailments, anticancer/tumor (0.90 each), which indicated best agreement among informant knowledge on medicinal plant used to treat ailments in these categories while the lowest Fic value of liver disorders and fever (0.63 each) indicated less agreement among informant knowledge on medicinal plant used to treat ailments in these categories. The 100% FL was expressed by 6 plant species for dermatological disorders followed by 3, 1, 1, 1 and 1 for mouth ailments, cardiovascular, joint ailments, gastrointestinal and insect stings category respectively. Use value was high for Artemisia absinthium (0.70), Cannabis sativa and Saussurea costus (0.47 each), Calendula officinalis (0.45) and Taraxacum officinale (0.39). The lowest use value was calculated for Ranunculus arvensis (0.01), with only three people reported the utility. Conclusion: Since drug discovery from medicinal plants continues to provide new and important leads against various pharmacological targets, an effort to collect medicinal plants and their associated traditional knowledge could serve an important tool for the discovery new potent compounds because if the documented plants are subjected to thorough phytochemical and pharmacological investigations, new potent leads against various pharmacological targets could definitely be discovered as there is no doubt that botanic gems are still found in the world. © 2015, African Ethnomedicines Network. All rights reseved.

Malviya A.,Government Narmada Post Graduate College | Diwakar S.K.,Government Narmada Post Graduate College | Sunanda,Government Narmada Post Graduate College | Choubey O.N.,Government Narmada Post Graduate College
Oriental Journal of Chemistry | Year: 2010

Narmada river water is the main source of drinking, Irrigation, fish culture and other important activities for central India. Hence the present investigations and plan of work is consisting to observe the chemical and physical constituents of Narmada River water flow. The quality of water pollution status of river.The sample collection, preservation and pre treatment according to standard method of collecting samples at international level i.e. APHA and BIS procedure. Prior to this a through survey conducted to know about probable pollution source and other relevant features.

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