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Sita Road, Pakistan

The Government College University, Lahore ; abbreviated as GCU), is a public university located in the downtown area of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. It is one of the oldest universities in Pakistan as well as one of the oldest institution of higher learning in the Muslim world. Initially established as Government College Lahore, it was granted university status by the Government of Pakistan in 2002; the word college is retained in its title for preserving its historical roots.The GCU offers wide range of programs for undergraduate, post-graduate, and doctoral studies with a strong emphasis on science and arts. Its departments of physics and mathematics holds an international prestige and retains distinguish image for world-class research and development in the country as well as in the world. As of current, the GCU has four faculties within which there are 29 academic departments; there are four research institutes associated with the GCU.The GCU secured its second position in the "medium category" by the HEC in 2013. In addition, the GCU has the highest graduation rate in the country, with an average of 95.5% annually. Alumni of the GCU are called Ravians which is derived word from the name of the student magazine "Ravi", published by the administration of the college; the magazine name is inspired by the Ravi River. The GCU is noted for its historical roots and attracted notable scholars such as Leitner, Salam and philosopher Iqbal to studied and became alumnus of the GCU. Wikipedia.


Rafiq M.,Government College University Lahore | Ameen K.,University of Punjab
Electronic Library | Year: 2014

Findings - Adoption of OSS in libraries is just at a beginning stage in Pakistan, and only a few organizations have so far made their first move in this direction. The major identified issues affecting OSS adoption in Pakistani libraries are: social (cultural) disparity, conceptual confusions, digital divide, lack of technological, financial, and human development.Practical implications - The paper will help decision makers plan OSS applications in their libraries.Originality/value - This is the first paper on the topic in Pakistan and explores the issues involved in OSS adoption in a comprehensive manner. The paper can provide understanding regarding adoption of OSS to professionals in Pakistani and other developing countries with similar environment.Design/methodology/approach - Literature review and principal author's first-hand experience of Koha (OSS) implementation in Provincial Assembly Libraries of Pakistan under Pakistan Legislative Strengthen Project of United States Agency for International Development provide the information and insight for this paper.Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to identify and discuss key issues related to the adoption of open source software (OSS) in Pakistani libraries. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited. Source


Khan F.M.,University of Heidelberg | Khan F.M.,Government College University Lahore | Just A.,University of Heidelberg | Merritt D.,Rochester Institute of Technology
Astrophysical Journal | Year: 2011

In spherical galaxies, binary supermassive black holes (SMBHs) have difficulty reaching sub-parsec separations due to depletion of stars on orbits that intersect the massive binary - the "final parsec problem." Galaxies that form via major mergers are substantially non-spherical, and it has been argued that the centrophilic orbits in triaxial galaxies might provide stars to the massive binary at a high enough rate to avoid stalling. Here we test that idea by carrying out fully self-consistent merger simulations of galaxies containing central SMBHs. We find hardening rates of the massive binaries that are indeed much higher than in spherical models and essentially independent of the number of particles used in the simulations. Binary eccentricities remain high throughout the simulations. Our results constitute a fully stellar-dynamical solution to the final parsec problem and imply a potentially high rate of events for low-frequency gravitational wave detectors like LISA. © 2011. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Source


Khan A.U.,Government College University Lahore
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment | Year: 2010

This paper provides a framework for the managers to devise means to protect, restore, and maintain the remaining bi-species groves for sustainable management of fragile arid land ecosystem. At the moment, there is no information available about the structural and functional ecology of these dwindling remnants. The selection criteria for the classification of the groves are based on understanding the positive association between the two species, Prosopis cineraria and Salvadora oleoides, in terms of spatial pattern and morphological features. It was achieved by highlighting the attributes of the benchmark grove and classification of other groves in reference to it. The results clearly show that positive association in the groves is due to differences in the growth strategies of the two species in terms of above- and belowground biomass allocation and architecture. Most of the groves are in various stages of degradation, and anthropogenic interferences are the major determinant linked with the declining status of the groves. These activities affect the complimentary attributes of the bi-species groves, thus disturbing the characteristic structural features which contributed to the stability of this fragile landscape. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Source


Ullah S.,Government College University Lahore
Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME | Year: 2015

This investigation deals with some exact analytical solutions of the incompressible second grade fluid by using the method based on the separation of variables. In many cases, this method can derive exact analytical solutions easier than other methods. A family of solutions is derived in this paper, which governs scientific and engineering experimentations. The derived solutions represent the flows having streamlines as a family of ellipses, parabolas, concentric circles, and rectangular hyperbolas. From practical point of view, these flows have applications in many manufacturing processes in industry. Some physical features of the derived solutions are also illustrated by their contour plots. Copyright © 2015 by ASME. Source


Ullah S.,Government College University Lahore
Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics | Year: 2013

In this paper, an open-loop control is applied to stabilize a two-level quantum particle by an external optical field. To achieve this goal, the speed gradient method is implemented. The efficiency of this method is shown by numerical experiments. © 2013 Optical Society of America. Source

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