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Lagergard T.,Gothenburg University | Hadad R.,Orebro University | Tunback P.,Sahlgrenska Academy | Lindholm L.,Got a Gene AB | And 2 more authors.
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases

The aims of this study were to assess the proportion of the new variant of Chlamydia trachomatis (nvCT) and the distribution of ompA genovars among C. trachomatis-positive patients in the Göteborg area, Sweden. Consecutive urine samples positive for C. trachomatis using BD ProbeTec ET (177 patients, 88 men and 89 women) were collected. An nvCT-specific real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was used to investigate the nvCT prevalence. To identify the genovars, a 990-bp ompA DNA segment from 105 specimens was sequenced. Seventeen percent (30/177) of all specimens contained nvCT. Nine different genovars were identified. About 50% were of genovar E, followed by F 16%, G 11%, K 8%, and D 5%, representing about 90% of the specimens in Göteborg. The occurrence of nvCT and the dominance of genovar E in Göteborg is similar to those in other areas of Sweden. To cover about 90% of the C. trachomatis infections in Sweden, the serovars D, E, F, G, and K should be included in future vaccines based on the major outer membrane protein. © 2010 Springer-Verlag. Source

Magnusson M.K.,Gothenburg University | Kraaij R.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | Leadley R.M.,Yorkshire Cancer Research | De Ridder C.M.A.,Erasmus University Rotterdam | And 6 more authors.
Human Gene Therapy

The efficacy of adenovirus (Ad)-based gene therapy of solid tumors, such as prostate cancer, is limited. One of the many problems is that the virus infects many different cell types in the body, resulting in high toxicity, whereas the target cancer cells are often less prone to wild-type Ad infection. Our aim was to develop genetically de-and retargeted Ad vectors to reduce off-target effects and increase target infection for prostate cancer. We have previously reported an Ad5 vector specific for the cancer-associated receptor Her2/neu, created by inserting Her2/neu-reactive Affibody® molecules (ZH) into the HI loop of a coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor binding-ablated fiber (Ad[ZH/1]). In addition to virus retargeting to Her2/neu, this virus was further modified from wild-type Ad by changing the RGD motif in the penton base to EGD and by substitution of the KKTK motif in the third shaft repeat to RKSK, resulting in the vector Ad[ZH/3]. The ZH-containing vectors could be produced to high titers and were specific for their target, resulting in efficient infection and killing of Her2/neu-positive androgen-dependent PC346C prostate cancer cells in vitro. Here we show that the oncolytic Ad[ZH/3] vector significantly prolonged survival time and reduced serum prostate-specific antigen levels in an orthotopic prostate tumor model in nude mice to the same extent as wild-type Ad5. Our results show that Her2/neu targeting using Ad-based vectors for prostate cancer is feasible and may serve as a basis for the development of gene therapy of human prostate cancer as well as other Her2/neu-expressing cancers. © 2012 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

Corjon S.,University of Lyon | Gonzalez G.,University of Lyon | Henning P.,Gothenburg University | Grichine A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | And 4 more authors.

Human adenovirus serotype 5 (HAdV5)-based vectors administered intravenously accumulate in the liver as the result of their direct binding to blood coagulation factor X (FX) and subsequent interaction of the FX-HAdV5 complex with heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) at the surface of liver cells. Intriguingly, the serotype 35 fiber-pseudotyped vector HAdV5F35 has liver transduction efficiencies 4-logs lower than HAdV5, even though both vectors carry the same hexon capsomeres. In order to reconcile this apparent paradox, we investigated the possible role of other viral capsid proteins on the FX/HSPG-mediated cellular uptake of HAdV5-based vectors. Using CAR- and CD46-negative CHO cells varying in HSPG expression, we confirmed that FX bound to serotype 5 hexon protein and to HAdV5 and HAdV5F35 virions via its Gla-domain, and enhanced the binding of both vectors to surface-immobilized hypersulfated heparin and cellular HSPG. Using penton mutants, we found that the positive effect of FX on HAdV5 binding to HSPG and cell transduction did not depend on the penton base RGD and fiber shaft KKTK motifs. However, we found that FX had no enhancing effect on the HAdV5F35-mediated cell transduction, but a negative effect which did not involve the cell attachment or endocytic step, but the intracellular trafficking and nuclear import of the FX-HAdV5F35 complex. By cellular imaging, HAdV5F35 particles were observed to accumulate in the late endosomal compartment, and were released in significant amounts into the extracellular medium via exocytosis. We showed that the stability of serotype 5 hexon:FX interaction was higher at low pH compared to neutral pH, which could account for the retention of FX-HAdV5F35 complexes in the late endosomes. Our results suggested that, despite the high affinity interaction of hexon capsomeres to FX and cell surface HSPG, the adenoviral fiber acted as the dominant determinant of the internalization and trafficking pathway of HAdV5-based vectors. © 2011 Corjon et al. Source

Henning P.,Gothenburg University | Gustafsson T.,Gothenburg University | Flach C.-F.,Gothenburg University | Hua Y.-J.,Gothenburg University | And 4 more authors.
European Journal of Immunology

Adenoviral (Ad) vaccine vectors can generate protective immunity to various pathogens in animal studies. However, recent failures in clinical vaccine trials have underscored the need for a better understanding of how mucosal immune responses to Ad-encoded vaccine Ags are generated in vivo. In this study, we addressed whether directing Ad-encoded ovalbumin (OVA) to different subcellular compartments influences the generation of OVA-specific acquired immunity and the APCs required following i.n. immunization of mice. We show that both secreted and membrane-anchored OVA activate CD4 + T cells, induce cytotoxic CD8 + T lymphocytes (CTLs) and generate serum IgG. Additionally, vaginal IgG is induced when OVA is expressed at these subcellular locations, but only the secreted form generates a significant IgA response in the lungs. On the contrary, intracellular expression of OVA efficiently expands CD8 + T cells but fails to activate CD4 + T cells, results in poor CTL activity, and does not generate Abs. Finally, we show that regardless of the subcellular localization of OVA, conventional DCs (cDCs) are required for the activation of T cells. However, the direct transduction of conventional DCs is not essential. These findings have important implications for the improvement of Ad vector design and vaccine-induced mucosal immunity. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

Granio O.,University of Lyon | Excoffon K.J.D.A.,University of Iowa | Henning P.,Got a Gene AB | Henning P.,Gothenburg University | And 13 more authors.
Human Gene Therapy

In vivo gene transfer to the human respiratory tract by adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) vectors has revealed their limitations related to inefficient gene transfer, host antiviral response, and innate adenoviral toxicity. In the present work, we compared the cytotoxicity and efficiency of Ad5 and a chimeric Ad5F35 vector with respect to CFTR gene transfer to cystic fibrosis (CF) and non-CF human airway epithelial cells. We found that high doses of Ad5 vector had an adverse effect on the function of exogenous and endogenous CFTR. Results obtained with Ad5 capsid mutants suggested that the RGD motifs on the penton base capsomers were responsible for the negative effect on CFTR function. This negative interference did not result from a lower level of biosynthesis and/or altered cellular trafficking of the CFTR protein, but rather from an indirect mechanism of functional blockage of CFTR, related to the RGD integrin-mediated endocytic pathway of Ad5. No negative interference with CFTR was observed for Ad5F35, an Ad5-based vector pseudotyped with fibers from Ad35, a serotype that uses another cell entry pathway. In vitro, Ad5F35 vector expressing the GFP-tagged CFTR (Ad5F35-GFP-CFTR) showed a 30-fold higher efficiency of transduction and chloride channel correction in CFTR-deficient cells, compared with Ad5GFP-CFTR. Ex vivo, Ad5F35-GFP-CFTR had the capacity to transduce efficiently reconstituted airway epithelia from patients with CF (CF-HAE) via the apical surface, restored chloride channel function at relatively low vector doses, and showed relatively stable expression of GFP-CFTR for several weeks. © Copyright 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Source

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