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Gonzalez-Rios H.,Gonzalez Mendez Are With Laboratorio Of Investigacion En Carne Y Productos Carnicos | Pena-Ramos A.,Gonzalez Mendez Are With Laboratorio Of Investigacion En Carne Y Productos Carnicos | Valenzuela M.,Gonzalez Mendez Are With Laboratorio Of Investigacion En Carne Y Productos Carnicos | Zamorano-Garcia L.,Gonzalez Mendez Are With Laboratorio Of Investigacion En Carne Y Productos Carnicos | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Food Science | Year: 2010

Abstract: To compare beef from Northwestern Mexico (NMEX) and that imported from the United States in physical-chemical (PC) and sensory traits, samples of ribeye (m. Longissimus dorsi thoracis, LDT) and knuckle (m. Vastus lateralis, VL) of Mexican (64 LDT; 51 VL) and U.S. (28 LDT; 25 VL) origin were purchased randomly from select retail stores located in 3 cities of NMEX. PC evaluation measured contents of moisture, fat and cholesterol, Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF), pH, CIE L*, a*, and b*, cooking loss, and normalized fatty acid profile (FAP). Trained panelists evaluated raw and cooked samples for 2 and 6 different organoleptic traits, respectively. Mexican and U.S.-imported LDT steaks did not differ (P > 0.05) in PC traits. VL samples differed in L*, b*, hue*, WBSF, and fat content by country of origin (COO). The WBSF for cooked VL samples from the United States was lower (P < 0.05) and fat content was greater (P < 0.05) than those for NMEX steaks. The FAP varied between muscles; Mexican LDT had a higher content of C18:0, while VL from the United States had a higher proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and a higher PUFA/Saturated ratio (P < 0.05). Although sensory traits tended to be rated higher for Mexican LDT and VL steaks, no statistical differences with U.S.-imported samples were detected (P > 0.05). Results indicated that domestic and U.S. retail steaks sold in the NMEX are similar in eating quality and PC, whereas differences observed in FAP deserve further attention from a nutritional standpoint. © 2010 Institute of Food Technologists ®.

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