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Glasgow, United Kingdom

Patent
Gold Standard Simulations Ltd | Date: 2012-03-20

Variation resistant metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFET) are manufactured using a high-K, metal-gate channel-last process. Between spacers formed over a well area having separate drain and source areas, a cavity is formed. Thereafter an ion implant step through the cavity results in a localized increase in well-doping directly beneath the cavity. The implant is activated by a microsecond annealing which causes minimum dopant diffusion. Within the cavity a recess into the well area is formed in which an active region is formed using an un-doped or lightly doped epitaxial layer. A high-K dielectric stack is formed over the lightly doped epitaxial layer, over which a metal gate is formed within the cavity boundaries. In one embodiment of the invention a cap of poly-silicon or amorphous silicon is added on top of the metal gate.


Variation resistant metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) are manufactured using a high-K, metal-gate channel-last process. A cavity is formed between spacers formed over a well area having separate drain and source areas, and then a recess into the well area is formed. The active region is formed in the recess, comprising an optional narrow highly doped layer, essentially a buried epitaxial layer, over which a second un-doped or lightly doped layer is formed which is a channel epitaxial layer. The high doping beneath the low doped epitaxial layer can be achieved utilizing low-temperature epitaxial growth with single or multiple delta doping, or slab doping. A high-K dielectric stack is formed over the channel epitaxial layer, over which a metal gate is formed within the cavity boundaries. In one embodiment of the invention a cap of poly-silicon or amorphous silicon is added on top of the metal gate.


Patent
Gold Standard Simulations Ltd | Date: 2013-07-25

The structure and the fabrication methods herein implement a fully depleted, recessed gate silicon-on-insulator (SOI) transistor with reduced access resistance, reduced on-current variability, and strain-increased performance. This transistor is based on an SOI substrate that has an epitaxially grown sandwich of SiGe and Si layers that are incorporated in the sources and drains of the transistors. Assuming a metal gate last complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology and using the sidewall spacers as a hard mask, a recess under the sacrificial gate reaching all the way through the SiGe layer is created, and the high-K gate stack and metal gate are formed within that recess. The remaining Si region, having a precisely controlled thickness, is the fully depleted channel.


The structure, and fabrication method thereof, implements a fully depleted silicon-on-insulator (SOI) transistor using a Channel Last procedure in which the active channel is a low-temperature epitaxial layer in an etched recess in the SOI silicon film. An optional -layer of extremely high doping allows its threshold voltage to be set to a desired value. Based on high-K metal gate last technology, this transistor has reduced threshold uncertainty and superior source and drain conductance. The use of epitaxial layer improves the thickness control of the active channel and reduces the process induced variations. The utilization of active silicon layer that is two or more times thicker than those used in conventional fully depleted SOI devices, reduces the access resistance and improves the on-current of the SOI transistor.


Patent
Gold Standard Simulations Ltd | Date: 2013-07-25

The structure, and fabrication method thereof, implements a fully depleted silicon-on-insulator (SOI) transistor using a Channel Last procedure in which the active channel is a low-temperature epitaxial layer in an etched recess in the SOI silicon film. A highly localized ion implantation is used to set the threshold voltage of the transistor and to improve the short channel behavior of the final device. Based on high-K metal gate technology, this transistor has reduced threshold uncertainty and superior source and drain conductance.

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