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Gold Coast, Australia

Markham R.,The Gold Coast Hospital | Adsett G.,The Gold Coast
Australian Family Physician | Year: 2013

Background: Prasugrel and ticagrelor are two new antiplatelet agents being used in the management of acute coronary syndromes. The number of patients in the community managed on these medications is growing, and thus, it is essential that general practitioners have a good understanding of these agents and their evidence-based applications. Objective: The pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of common and new antiplatelet agents will be reviewed, along with the evidence supporting their use. Safety and side effect profiles will be discussed, and some common general practice case scenarios presented. Discussion: Aspirin is still the mainstay of therapy in patients with acute coronary syndromes. The addition of clopidogrel, prasugrel or ticagrelor can reduce morbidity and mortality in selected patients. Patient factors including bleeding risk, renal function and time since coronary stent insertion must be reviewed before these agents are initiated and before making any changes to the medication regimen. Source

Wight J.,Austin Health Service | Wight J.,James Cook University | Stillwell A.,The Gold Coast Hospital | Morris E.,Townsville Hospital and Health Service | And 3 more authors.
Internal Medicine Journal | Year: 2015

Background: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most sensitive method for detecting focal spinal disease (FSD) in multiple myeloma (MM). It is unclear whether whole spine MRI (WS-MRI) should be employed as a screening test at diagnosis of MM. Aim: To determine the utility of screening WS-MRI at diagnosis of MM. Methods: A retrospective analysis of data from January 2008 to January 2013 at the Townsville Hospital was performed. At this centre, WS-MRI is used routinely in all newly diagnosed MM. The findings of WS-MRI in patients with and without an agreed guideline indication for WS-MRI were compared. Clinical predictors of FSD were determined. Results: Seventy-one patients were included in the analysis. Forty-four (62%) had an agreed indication for MRI; 33 (75%) of these had FSD. Within this group, 17 required urgent intervention and 13 had spinal plasmacytomas. Within a second group without a guideline indication, 4 of 27 (15%) were found to have FSD on MRI - none required urgent intervention and or had plasmacytomas. Three of eight smouldering myeloma patients were reclassified as symptomatic myeloma by documenting lytic lesions not identified on plain film. The strongest predictors of FSD were back pain (P < 0.001) and vertebral compression fracture (P = 0.003). Conclusion: WS-MRI in patients without a guideline indication did not detect any lesions that threatened the spinal cord. WS-MRI is essential in those with guideline indications. WS-MRI is of benefit to patients with smouldering myeloma where documentation of lesions not seen on plain film will result in treatment rather than observation. © 2015 Royal Australasian College of Physicians 45 7 July 2015 10.1111/imj.12789 Original Articles Original Article © 2015 Royal Australasian College of Physicians. Source

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