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Pune, India

Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics , commonly known as Gokhale Institute, is one of the oldest research and training institutes in Economics in India. It is located on BMCC Road in the Deccan Gymkhana area of Pune, Maharashtra – the city often termed as the Oxford of the East. Wikipedia.

Sharma V.,Tata Institute of Social Sciences | Krishnaswamy D.,Center for Budget and Policy Studies | Mulay S.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV

HIV infection poses a serious threat to the economy of a household. Out of pocket (OOP) health spending can be prohibitive and can drag households below poverty level. Based on the data collected from a cross-sectional survey of 401 households with HIV+ members in Pune city, India, this paper examines the consumption levels and patterns among households, and comments on the economic impoverishment resulting from OOP medical spending. Analysis reveals that households with HIV members spend a major portion of their monthly consumption expenditure on food items. Medical expenditure constitutes a large portion of their total consumption spending. Expenditure on children's education constitutes a minor proportion of total monthly spending. A high proportion of medical expenditure has a bearing on the economic condition of households with HIV members. Poverty increases by 20% among the studied HIV households when OOP health spending is adjusted. It increases 18% among male-headed households and 26% among female-headed households. The results reiterate the need of greater support from the government in terms of accessibility and affordability of health care to save households with HIV members from economic catastrophe. © 2015 Taylor & Francis. Source

Shah D.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics

The problems concerning farming system in India are multifarious and mainly include weather related problems like less reliable monsoon, frequent drought or floods, problems of soil degeneration, lack of insurance and institutional credit, problems relating to inputs, lack of marketing facilities and high crop prices volatility. The futures trading in agricultural commodities has to be controlled to avoid further speculation in these commodities. India needs to have a stable price regime with a view to keep the common man away from the perception that economic recession will create a gloom in the growth of food sector. Though extremely volatile crop prices follow an international pattern, the major reasons for the volatility of output prices associated with rising input prices in India can be traced in government attempts to reduce fertilizer subsidies and deregulation of supply of inputs like seeds and pesticides. Source

Shah D.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics

An empirical assessment of the impact of national food security mission on pulse crops in Maharashtra is presented. The major causes of concerns with respect to pulse crops are the low yield levels, marginal lands devoted to pulse cultivation, stagnation in production technology, severe abiotic (climate-related) and biotic (insect, pest) stresses, volatility of prices and lack of effective procurement. In general, the cropping pattern of irrigated area differs from the cropping pattern of un-irrigated area. While on the one hand, high value commercial field crops are usually grown under irrigated conditions, low value subsistence crops, on the other hand, find place under rainfed conditions. The pulses crops cultivated by the sampled farmers of non-NFSM district of Beed also encompassed mung and tur in kharjf season and gram in rabi season. Although the sampled farmers of non-NFSM district of Beed allocated significant area under mung crop cultivation, the profitability in the cultivation of this crop differed across various categories of farmers. Source

Seth S.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
Journal of Biosocial Science

Scientists commonly use world average data on sex ratio at birth for India for want of dependable ones. Here an attempt is made to redress the problem to some extent. It is shown that this ratio has been high in India since the 1950s. The ratio has been strikingly high, even prior to the time of inception of prenatal sex identification technologies. The ratio shows a rising trend due to several biological reasons. In addition, it has been rising sharply for a couple of decades due to some socio-medical factors. The natural sex ratio at birth in India is noticeably higher than the world average. © Cambridge University Press 2009. Source

Kajale D.B.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics | Becker T.C.,University of Hohenheim
Ecology of Food and Nutrition

This study examines the effects of information on consumers' willingness to pay (WTP) for genetically modified food (GMF). We used Vickrey second price experimental auction method for elicitation of consumer WTP for GM potato chips and GM soya-chocolate bar. The sample used in this study was university students from Delhi, India. Four information formats (positive, negative, no information, and combined information about GM technology) were used for the examination. The results show that, when students received the combine information they were willing to pay around 17%-20% premium for GMF and when received the negative information they demanded around 22% discount for GMF. While the positive- and the no-information formats alone have no considerable effect on consumers' WTP for GMF. Overall, our findings suggest that while doing marketing of GMF in India, the best strategy is to provide combined information about GM technology. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Source

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