Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics

Pune, India

Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics , commonly known as Gokhale Institute, is one of the oldest research and training institutes in Economics in India. It is located on BMCC Road in the Deccan Gymkhana area of Pune, Maharashtra – the city often termed as the Oxford of the East. Wikipedia.

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Mukhopadhyay K.,McGill University | Mukhopadhyay K.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics | Chen X.,McGill University | Thomassin P.,McGill University
International Journal of Green Energy | Year: 2017

The Government of Canada has committed that Canada’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions be reduced by 17% from 2005 levels by 2020. The new Renewable Fuels Regulations required 2% renewable content in diesel fuel and heating distillate oil and 5% for gasoline. This represents approximately 2.1 billion liters of ethanol and 600 million liters of biodiesel requirement per year, which would reduce GHG emissions by more than four million tones. Canada is expected to consume more fuel ethanol compared to its production capacity. The above mandates as well as the gap in consumption and production of biofuel will have enormous impact on the Canadian economy. In this backdrop, an input–output model of the Canadian economy is developed to estimate the macroeconomic impact of the ethanol and biodiesel production in Canada. The impacts on sectoral prices have also been calculated. Simulation exercises have been attempted to reach the mandates using modified Leontief model. Results show that agriculture sector is affected because of feedstock use in the biofuel sector. Mining and manufacturing industries also show a considerable impact. In addition, the impact on commodity prices cannot be ignored. Finally, to meet the target of Copenhagen commitment, the nation needs to revise the blending capacity of ethanol and biodiesel. © 2017 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Sharma V.,Tata Institute of Social Sciences | Krishnaswamy D.,Center for Budget and Policy Studies | Mulay S.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
AIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV | Year: 2015

HIV infection poses a serious threat to the economy of a household. Out of pocket (OOP) health spending can be prohibitive and can drag households below poverty level. Based on the data collected from a cross-sectional survey of 401 households with HIV+ members in Pune city, India, this paper examines the consumption levels and patterns among households, and comments on the economic impoverishment resulting from OOP medical spending. Analysis reveals that households with HIV members spend a major portion of their monthly consumption expenditure on food items. Medical expenditure constitutes a large portion of their total consumption spending. Expenditure on children's education constitutes a minor proportion of total monthly spending. A high proportion of medical expenditure has a bearing on the economic condition of households with HIV members. Poverty increases by 20% among the studied HIV households when OOP health spending is adjusted. It increases 18% among male-headed households and 26% among female-headed households. The results reiterate the need of greater support from the government in terms of accessibility and affordability of health care to save households with HIV members from economic catastrophe. © 2015 Taylor & Francis.

Reddy K.S.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics | Nirmala V.,Pondicherry University
Journal of Transnational Management | Year: 2013

This study examines profit efficiency and its determinants in Indian commercial banks during the post-reform period by using a stochastic frontier approach (SFA), specified by Battese and Coelli (1995). For the purpose of specifying the parameters in the SFA, translog functional form has been adopted. Assuming banking markets are not perfectly competitive, alternative profit function is estimated. Intermediation approach has been employed to define bank inputs and outputs. An unbalanced panel data of 103 commercial banks for the period 1996-2008 have been constructed for the empirical analysis. All the required data for the analysis were obtained from various publications of the Reserve Bank of India. The study found that profit efficiency of Indian commercial banks is increasing over the study period. However, on average, Indian banks could meet only three-fourths of their profit-generating potentialities relative to the best-practice bank, due to technical inefficiency, which is arising within the banks. Among the bank groups, it is revealed that the state-owned banks are relatively more efficient than their counterparts. The technical inefficiency effects model shows that bank-specific, market, and organizational characteristics play an important role in determining the profit efficiency of banks. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Shah D.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2010

The problems concerning farming system in India are multifarious and mainly include weather related problems like less reliable monsoon, frequent drought or floods, problems of soil degeneration, lack of insurance and institutional credit, problems relating to inputs, lack of marketing facilities and high crop prices volatility. The futures trading in agricultural commodities has to be controlled to avoid further speculation in these commodities. India needs to have a stable price regime with a view to keep the common man away from the perception that economic recession will create a gloom in the growth of food sector. Though extremely volatile crop prices follow an international pattern, the major reasons for the volatility of output prices associated with rising input prices in India can be traced in government attempts to reduce fertilizer subsidies and deregulation of supply of inputs like seeds and pesticides.

Shah D.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics | Year: 2012

An empirical assessment of the impact of national food security mission on pulse crops in Maharashtra is presented. The major causes of concerns with respect to pulse crops are the low yield levels, marginal lands devoted to pulse cultivation, stagnation in production technology, severe abiotic (climate-related) and biotic (insect, pest) stresses, volatility of prices and lack of effective procurement. In general, the cropping pattern of irrigated area differs from the cropping pattern of un-irrigated area. While on the one hand, high value commercial field crops are usually grown under irrigated conditions, low value subsistence crops, on the other hand, find place under rainfed conditions. The pulses crops cultivated by the sampled farmers of non-NFSM district of Beed also encompassed mung and tur in kharjf season and gram in rabi season. Although the sampled farmers of non-NFSM district of Beed allocated significant area under mung crop cultivation, the profitability in the cultivation of this crop differed across various categories of farmers.

Kajale D.B.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics | Becker T.C.,University of Hohenheim
Ecology of Food and Nutrition | Year: 2014

This study examines the effects of information on consumers' willingness to pay (WTP) for genetically modified food (GMF). We used Vickrey second price experimental auction method for elicitation of consumer WTP for GM potato chips and GM soya-chocolate bar. The sample used in this study was university students from Delhi, India. Four information formats (positive, negative, no information, and combined information about GM technology) were used for the examination. The results show that, when students received the combine information they were willing to pay around 17%-20% premium for GMF and when received the negative information they demanded around 22% discount for GMF. While the positive- and the no-information formats alone have no considerable effect on consumers' WTP for GMF. Overall, our findings suggest that while doing marketing of GMF in India, the best strategy is to provide combined information about GM technology. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Jadhav V.G.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) | Year: 2013

his paper describes the contribution of Indian publishing media in epublishing. It outlines the range of publication such as subject, languages, Indian cities and publishing services into electronic publishing. Publishing portal of PublishersGlobal directory was extracted to find out the existing situation of leading publishers in electronic publishing in India. It is concluded that for e-publishing, publishers needs to make serious commitment to invest and develop the indigenous e-publishing market. © Springer International Publishing 2013.

Seth S.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
Journal of Biosocial Science | Year: 2010

Scientists commonly use world average data on sex ratio at birth for India for want of dependable ones. Here an attempt is made to redress the problem to some extent. It is shown that this ratio has been high in India since the 1950s. The ratio has been strikingly high, even prior to the time of inception of prenatal sex identification technologies. The ratio shows a rising trend due to several biological reasons. In addition, it has been rising sharply for a couple of decades due to some socio-medical factors. The natural sex ratio at birth in India is noticeably higher than the world average. © Cambridge University Press 2009.

Banerji A.,University of Delhi | Birol E.,International Food Policy Research Institute | Karandikar B.,Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics | Rampal J.,Ohio State University
Food Policy | Year: 2016

In this paper we use hedonic testing methods adopted from food science literature and the Becker-DeGroot-Marschak mechanism adopted from economic valuation literature to estimate consumer demand for biofortified high-iron pearl millet (HIPM) in Maharashtra, India. Unlike biofortification with provitamin A, biofortification with minerals, such as iron and zinc, does not change the color or the appearance of the biofortified crop. Therefore, we test the impact of both nutrition information, and branding and certification, as well as the nature of the brand and of the certifying authority (state level versus international), on consumer demand for HIPM. We find that even in the absence of nutrition information, consumers assign a small but significant premium to the HIPM variety relative to the local variety. This is consistent with consumers' more favorable rating of the sensory characteristics of the high-iron variety. Nutrition information on the health benefits of HIPM increases this premium substantially, and regression analysis reveals that consumers prefer international branding and international certification authority to their state-level counterparts. © 2016.

PubMed | University of Kent and Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Indian journal of medical ethics | Year: 2015

Commentators suggest that there is an erosion of trust in the relations between different actors in the health system in India. This paper presents the results of an exploratory study of the situation of providers in an urban setting in western India, the nature of their relations in terms of trust and what influences these relations. The data on relationships of trust were collected through interviews and focus group discussions with key informants, including public and private providers, regulators, managers and societal actors, such as patients/citizens, politicians and the media.

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