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Cheng F.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Wu J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Zhang J.,Agilent Technologies | Pan A.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | And 7 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2016

Food allergies cause health risks to susceptible consumers and regulations on labeling of food allergen contents have been implemented in many countries and regions. To achieve timely and accurate food allergen labeling, the development of fast and effective allergen detection methods is very important. Herein, a decaplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay combined with capillary electrophoresis was developed to detect simultaneously 10 common food allergens from hazelnut, pistachio, oat, sesame, peanut, cashew, barley, wheat, soybean and pecan. The absolute limit of detection (LODa) of this system is between 2 and 20 copies of haploid genome, and the relative LOD (LODr) is as low as 0.005% (w/w) in simulated food mixtures. The developed assay was subsequently applied to 20 commercial food products and verified the allergen ingredients stated on the labels. Furthermore, results using this decaplex PCR assay was successfully replicated in three other laboratories, demonstrating the repeatability and applicability of this assay in routine analysis of the 10 food allergens. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Shen K.,Shanghai Ocean University | Shen K.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Li X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Li X.,GMO Detection Laboratory | And 5 more authors.
Journal of AOAC International | Year: 2010

Despite rapid developments in the detection techniques for genetically modified organisms (GMOs), the event-specific PCR method with high specificity is still the most used technique. In this study, event-specific simplex and duplex qualitative and quantitative detection systems were developed targeting the 3′ insertion site of GM maize SYN-E3272-5 (3272) construct. A reference molecule p3272 was constructed to act as positive control and as calibrator for quantitative analysis. The LOD for simplex and duplex qualitative PCR assays was 10 copies of p3272 control DNA. LOD and the LOQ for simplex and duplex quantitative PCR assays were 10 and 25 copies of p3272 DNA, respectively. Furthermore, four practical GM maize samples were quantified using the established simplex and duplex quantitative PCR systems by in-house validation. Results from five operators showed that the bias ranged from 3.44 to 17.24% in the simplex system and from 0.42 to 16.06% in the duplex system, respectively. These results demonstrated that the established event-specific simplex and duplex qualitative and quantitative PCR systems combined with the reference molecule p3272 are suitable for the detection of GM maize 3272 and its derived products.


Li X.,GMO Detection Laboratory | Pan L.,GMO Detection Laboratory | Li J.,East China University of Science and Technology | Zhang Q.,East China University of Science and Technology | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2011

For implementation of the issued regulations and labeling policies for genetically modified organism (GMO) supervision, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method has been widely used due to its high specificity and sensitivity. In particular, use of the event-specific PCR method based on the flanking sequence of transgenes has become the primary trend. In this study, both qualitative and quantitative PCR methods were established on the basis of the 5′ flanking sequence of transgenic soybean A2704-12 and the 3′ flanking sequence of transgenic soybean A5547-127, respectively. In qualitative PCR assays, the limits of detection (LODs) were 10 copies of haploid soybean genomic DNA for both A2704-12 and A5547-127. In quantitative real-time PCR assays, the LODs were 5 copies of haploid soybean genomic DNA for both A2704-12 and A5547-127, and the limits of quantification (LOQs) were 10 copies for both. Low bias and acceptable SD and RSD values were also achieved in quantification of four blind samples using the developed real-time PCR assays. In addition, the developed PCR assays for the two transgenic soybean events were used for routine analysis of soybean samples imported to Shanghai in a 6 month period from October 2010 to March 2011. A total of 27 lots of soybean from the United States and Argentina were analyzed: 8 lots from the Unites States were found to have the GM soybean A2704-12 event, and the GM contents were <1.5% in all eight analyzed lots. On the contrary, no GM soybean A5547-127 content was found in any of the eight lots. These results demonstrated that the established event-specific qualitative and quantitative PCR methods could be used effectively in routine identification and quantification of GM soybeans A2704-12 and A5547-127 and their derived products. © 2011 American Chemical Society.


Guo J.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Yang L.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Chen L.,Shanghai Normal University | Morisset D.,Slovenian National Institute of Biology | And 3 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2011

We describe the development of a novel combined approach for high-throughput analysis of multiple DNA targets based on multiplex Microdroplet PCR Implemented Capillary gel electrophoresis (MPIC), a two-step PCR amplification strategy. In the first step, the multiple target DNAs are preamplified using bipartite primers attached with universal tail sequences on their 5'-ends. Then, the preamplified templates are compartmentalized individually in the microdroplet of the PCR system, and multiple targets can be amplified in parallel, employing primers targeting their universal sequences. Subsequently, the resulting multiple products are analyzed by capillary gel electrophoresis (CGE). Using genetically modified organism (GMO) analysis as a model, 24 DNA targets can be simultaneously detected with a relative limit of detection of 0.1% (w/w) and absolute limit of detection of 39 target DNA copies. The described system provides a promising alternative for high-throughput analysis of multiple DNA targets. © 2011 American Chemical Society.


Li X.,GMO Detection Laboratory | Li J.,East China University of Science and Technology | Zhang S.,GMO Detection Laboratory | He Y.,GMO Detection Laboratory | Pan L.,GMO Detection Laboratory
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2013

To avoid fraudulent substitutions in fish markets, the proper methods are needed to test the authenticity of the ingredients. As a preferable methodology, a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method was used in this study to identify species from the Salmonidae family based on the salmon growth hormone gene. Fish samples of six genera from the Salmonidae family were tested to identify the specificity, sensitivity, and applicability of the established method. Results showed that the method was highly specific for salmonid detection. Ct values were obtained only from 31 Salmonidae fish species samples. The relative and absolute limits of detection were 0.01% and 25 pg of genomic DNA, respectively, which could meet with the requirements of routine detections. To test the applicability of the method, the content of salmonid ingredients in 16 commercial food products was quantified from standard curves constructed from DNA of two Salmonidae species. The results revealed that the salmonid ingredient was detected in 12 samples, indicating that 25% of the labels are inauthentic. These results demonstrate that the developed qPCR method is suitable for identification of Salmonidae ingredients. © 2013 American Chemical Society.

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