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Brabu B.,SRM University | Brabu B.,GLR Laboratories Private Ltd | Haribabu S.,SRM University | Haribabu S.,GLR Laboratories Private Ltd | And 11 more authors.
Toxicology Research | Year: 2015

Lanthanum oxide nanoparticles (LONP), a rare earth metal oxide, have unique properties that make them a suitable candidate for several biomedical applications. We investigated certain key in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility endpoints on LONP. LONP were cytotoxic in in vitro assays and predominantly exerted their action via release of reactive oxygen species. These nanoparticles were neither irritants nor sensitizers in a rabbit model. LONP extracts did not exert any acute systemic toxicity effects in mice. On the other hand LONP exerted toxicity to the liver following oral administration, suggesting that these particles are absorbed from the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and deposited in the hepatobiliary system. LONP did not induce any mutation in the Ames test both in the presence or absence of S-9. These observations provide a base line biocompatibility and toxicity data on LONP. The current findings will also be useful in defining standards for nanoparticle containing devices. This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Balusamy B.,SRM University | Balusamy B.,GLR Laboratories Private Ltd | Kandhasamy Y.G.,GLR Laboratories Private Ltd | Senthamizhan A.,Indian Institute of Technology Madras | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Rare Earths | Year: 2012

This study evaluated the bacterial toxicity of lanthanum oxide micron and nano sized particles using shake flask method against gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and gram-negative (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa) bacteria. Particle size, morphology and chemical composition were determined using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Results indicated that lanthanum oxide nanoparticles showed antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, but not against Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It was speculated that lanthanum oxide produced this effect by interacting with the gram-positive bacterial cell wall. Furthermore, lanthanum oxide bulk particles were found to enhance the pyocyanin pigment production in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. © 2012 The Chinese Society of Rare Earths.

Flower N.A.L.,SRM University | Brabu B.,SRM University | Revathy M.,GLR Laboratories Private Ltd | Gopalakrishnan C.,SRM University | And 3 more authors.
Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis | Year: 2012

Nano-silver (Nano-Ag) particles were synthesized and then characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray diffractometry. TEM showed that Nano-Ag were spherical in shape and their size ranged from 40 to 60. nm. X-ray diffractometry indicated that the sample was crystalline and had a face centered cubic structure of pure silver. Genotoxicity of this Nano-Ag was evaluated in human peripheral blood cells using the alkaline comet assay. Results indicated that Nano-Ag (50 and 100μg/mL) caused DNA damage following a 3. h treatment. Subsequently, a short treatment of 5. min also showed DNA damage. In conclusion, we have shown that the synthesized Nano-Ag induced DNA damage in human peripheral blood cells as detected by the alkaline comet assay. Results further indicated that treatment of cells with Nano-Ag in the presence of hydrogen peroxide did not induce any DNA damage. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.

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