Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP.2011.4.0-2 | Award Amount: 25.41M | Year: 2011
The mine of the future will exploit mineral raw materials at greater depths than today, requiring completely different approaches compared to todays deep mines, in order to get mineral rights. Only these eco-efficient mines will contribute to improved access to domestic mineral resources, secure the supply of mineral raw materials for Europe and reduce the import dependency. IntelliMine will contribute to realise these concepts of invisible, zero-impact and safe mines. The mine of tomorrow will run an integrated concept. All operations necessary for the eco-efficient provision of the minerals including waste management will be carried out underground. This will drastically reduce the volumes being transported, minimising above ground installations and thus the environmental impact. IntelliMine will develop innovative methods, technologies, machines and equipment for the safe, eco-innovative, intelligent and economical exploitation of mineral raw materials in the EU, including maintenance issues, especially at greater depths. It will investigate autonomous, highly selective mineral extraction processes and machinery based on new sensor technologies as well as innovative concepts for mass flow management and transportation. Such investigations have to be accompanied by rock mechanics and ground control issues as well as health, safety and environmental issues. The concept of an invisible, zero-impact mine requires a refined process underground that selectively extracts the minerals and therefore reduces waste production closer to the mineralisation. Therefore improved near to face processing methods including backfill procedures need to be developed. The necessary level of automation in mining operations can only be achieved by reaching a higher level of integration in all parts of a mine. Fully integrated underground technologies and processes for diagnosis and extraction as well as communication, health and safety issues are the key for the success of the concept.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: Fission-2013-3.4.1 | Award Amount: 5.53M | Year: 2013
COMET will strengthen the pan-European research initiative on the impact of radiation on man and the environment by facilitating the integration of radioecological research. COMET will build upon the foundations laid by the European Radioecology Alliance (ALLIANCE) and the on-going FP7 STAR Network of Excellence in radioecology. By collaborating with the European platforms on nuclear and radiological emergency response (NERIS) and low dose risk research (MELODI), COMET will significantly aid preparation for the implementation of the Horizon 2020 umbrella structure for Radiation Protection. In close association with STAR and the ALLIANCE, COMET will take forward the development of a Strategic Research Agenda as the basis for developing innovative mechanisms for joint programming and implementation (JPI) of radioecological research. To facilitate and foster future integration under a common federating structure, research activities developed within COMET will be targeted at radioecological research needs that will help achieve priorities of the NERIS and MELODI platforms. These research activities will be initiated in collaboration with researchers from countries where major nuclear accidents have occurred. Flexible funds, unallocated to specific tasks at project initiation, have been included within the COMET budget to facilitate RTD activities identified through the JPI mechanisms developed that are of joint interest to the ALLIANCE, NERIS and MELODI. It will also strengthen the bridge with the non-radiation community. Furthermore, COMET will develop strong mechanisms for knowledge exchange, dissemination and training to enhance and maintain European capacity, competence and skills in radioecology. The COMET consortium has 13 partners, expanding from the organisations within the FP7 STAR project. In particular, COMET partners from countries which have experienced major nuclear accidents (i.e. Ukraine and Japan) and/or who hold Observatory sites.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: INFRADEV-3-2015 | Award Amount: 3.25M | Year: 2015
ECCSEL aims at gaining recognition as a world-class research infrastructure based within leading European Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) institutions and knowledge centres. It will be due for registration in 2015, forming a legal entity allocating efforts and resources to selected scientific and technological aspects of the CCS chain. ECCSEL will enable high-ranking researchers and scientists from all regions of Europe (and from third countries) to access state-of-the-art research facilities to conduct advanced technological research actions relevant to CCS. The proposed project aims to: implement ECCSEL as a not-for-profit organisation consistent with the European Research Infrastructure Consortium legal framework; initiate operations of ECCSEL as a world-class CCS research infrastructure in accordance with the principles developed during the preparatory phase; develop the research infrastructure to an upgraded common standard in terms of quality of services, management and access provision.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2013.6.1.1 | Award Amount: 4.10M | Year: 2013
The main objective of the proposed project is to develop a generic UCG-CCS site characterisation workflow, and the accompanying technologies, which would address the dilemma faced by the proponents of reactor zone CO2 storage, and offer technological solutions to source sink mismatch issues that are likely to be faced in many coalfields. This objective will be achieved through integrated research into the field based technology knowledge gaps, such as cavity progression and geomechanics, potential groundwater contamination and subsidence impacts, together with research into process engineering solutions in order to assess the role/impact of site specific factors (coal type, depth/pressure, thickness, roof and floor rock strata, hydrology) and selected reagents on the operability of a given CO2 emission mitigation option in a coalfield. CO2 storage capacity on site for European and international UCG resources will be assessed and CO2 mitigation technologies based on end use of produced synthetic gas will be evaluated. The technology options identified will be evaluated with respect to local and full chain Life Cycle environmental impacts and costs. The project takes a radical and holistic approach to coupled UCG-CCS, and thus the site selection criteria for the coupled process, considering different end-uses of the produced synthetic gas, covering other options beyond power generation, and will evaluate novel approaches to UCG reagent use in order to optimise the whole process. This approach aims at minimising the need for on-site CO2 storage capacity as well as maximising the economic yield of UCG through value added end products, as well as power generation, depending on the local coalfield and geological conditions.
Gzyl G.,Glowny Instytut Gornictwa |
Zanini A.,University of Parma |
Fraczek R.,Ulica Bugajska 16 |
Kura K.,Glowny Instytut Gornictwa
Journal of Contaminant Hydrology | Year: 2014
The paper presents a new multi-step approach aiming at source identification and release history estimation. The new approach consists of three steps: performing integral pumping tests, identifying sources, and recovering the release history by means of a geostatistical approach. The present paper shows the results obtained from the application of the approach within a complex case study in Poland in which several areal sources were identified. The investigated site is situated in the vicinity of a former chemical plant in southern Poland in the city of Jaworzno in the valley of the Wa̧wolnica River; the plant has been in operation since the First World War producing various chemicals. From an environmental point of view the most relevant activity was the production of pesticides, especially lindane. The application of the multi-step approach enabled a significant increase in the knowledge of contamination at the site. Some suspected contamination sources have been proven to have minor effect on the overall contamination. Other suspected sources have been proven to have key significance. Some areas not taken into consideration previously have now been identified as key sources. The method also enabled estimation of the magnitude of the sources and, a list of the priority reclamation actions will be drawn as a result. The multi-step approach has proven to be effective and may be applied to other complicated contamination cases. Moreover, the paper shows the capability of the geostatistical approach to manage a complex real case study. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: ENERGY-2007-9.2-01 | Award Amount: 1.33M | Year: 2008
The EFONET CA addresses Task 9.2.1 Energy foresight network. It primarily aims at providing policy relevant input to the EC, notably in relation with the Review of the EU Energy Strategy, the establishment of the Strategic Technology Plan, the implementation of the Action Plan for Energy Efficiency. EFONET will establish and run a discussion platform gathering representatives from the research community and from all relevant stakeholder groups. It features 5 Thematic WPs, each concentrating on one of the main priorities that have already been identified within the energy foresight network established and run by the EC since 2005: methodological approaches and tools for foresight, end-use energy efficiency, foresight in the transport sector, technologies integration scenarios, barriers to the penetration of future technologies. 2 additional WPs deal with project management, network coordination and dissemination. 18 workshops and a final conference will be organised over 2.5 years, with an overall attendance estimated in some 500 participants. The main outputs are (i) country reports summarising state of the art on energy foresight methods and their application (ii) evaluation papers and policy briefs including recommendations for future energy policy formulation and implementation. EFONET aims at becoming a privileged discussion forum on future EU energy policies. To this end, provisions are made to (i) continuously extend network participation (ii) establish and maintain links with other EU energy RTD projects including those emerging for other Tasks in this call (iii) develop a dedicated interactive website to ensure wide dissemination and consolidate a virtual EFONET community that can extend beyond the contractual EFONET lifetime. The EFONET team includes 14 partners and a large group of external experts, covering 19 different countries, representing public and private research, national and EU institutions, industry, international organisations and NGOs.
Motyka Z.,Glowny Instytut Gornictwa
Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering | Year: 2013
For limitation of the noise in environment, the necessity occurs of determining and location of sources of sounds emitted from surfaces of many machines and devices, assuring in effect the possibility of suitable constructional changes implementation, targeted at decreasing of their nuisance. In the paper, the results of tests and calculations are presented for plane surface sources emitting acoustic waves. The tests were realized with the use of scanning laser vibrometer which enabled remote registration and the spectral analysis of the surfaces vibrations. The known hybrid digital method developed for determination of sound wave emission from such surfaces divided into small finite elements was slightly modified by distinguishing the phase correlations between such vibrating elements. The final method being developed may find use in wide range of applications for different forms of vibrations of plane surfaces. © 2013 SPIE.
Wysocka M.,Glowny Instytut Gornictwa
Nukleonika | Year: 2016
The new basic safety standards (BSS) Directive 2013/59/Euratom  puts EU member states under an obligation to establish, amongst others, national radon action plans. In order to address the issue of long-term risks from radon exposures, it is important to identify areas where elevated levels of radon can be expected. One of the types of areas affected by an increased migration of radon and by the penetration of radon into buildings are areas in which industrial activity, for example, the exploitation of mineral resources, causes changes in the geological environment. The Upper Silesian Coal Basin (USCB) in Poland is one of the examples. The results of studies conducted in the past have shown that the levels of indoor concentration of radon, to a large extent, depend on the geological structure of the subsurface layers. One of the main factors influencing the migratory abilities of radon are the mining-induced changes of a rock body. We estimate that in specific radon-prone zones, the levels of radon may exceed 300 Bq/m3 in approximately 2% of the dwellings. Another problem that may appear in post-mining areas is linked to the reclamation of radioactively contaminated areas. The complex geology of the strata in USCB, the mining activity that can be observed in the region and, additionally, the discharge of radium-bearing waters into the environment are the most significant factors affecting radon potential and hazard in dwellings in this region. In this paper, problems linked to the detection of radon in the mining area of USCB are presented.
Wodolazski A.,Glowny Instytut Gornictwa
Przeglad Elektrotechniczny | Year: 2014
This paper presents results of numerical simulation of the synthesis of methanol from syngas in plate microreactor over a catalyst Cu/ZnO/Al2O3. It presents a description of a model of heat transfer and mass of the methanol synthesis in a two phase gas-solid using pseudo-homogeneus dispersion models. The simulation used the software COMSOL Multiphysics. The conversion of CO and catalyst deactivation was described. Verification of the results was based on the works of literature.
Wodolazski A.,Glowny Instytut Gornictwa
Rocznik Ochrona Srodowiska | Year: 2015
The paper presents a computational simulation energy recovery of methanol dehydration to dimethyl ether (DME) in industrial process plant. Heat recovery technology from the viewpoint of energy saving in the environmental protection for the two key nodes in the system: reactor and distillation column was examined. Limited energy helps reduce emissions associated with the combustion of fuels into the atmosphere. Currently operating technological installations should be characterized by energy- and material savings, where significantly reducing the impact of harmful emissions into the environment. These simulations are a valuable tool to support the design of installation to preliminary estimate benefits of circuit materials and energy which introduces a significant innovation in the environmental protection. © 2015, Middle Pomeranian Scientific Society. All rights reserved.