Eriksen J.G.,University of Southern Denmark |
Beavis A.W.,Haematology Castle Hill Hospital |
Coffey M.A.,St James Hospital |
Leer J.W.H.,Radboud University Nijmegen |
And 26 more authors.
Radiotherapy and Oncology | Year: 2012
Introduction: In 2007 ESTRO proposed a revision and harmonisation of the core curricula for radiation oncologists, medical physicists and RTTs to encourage harmonised education programmes for the professional disciplines, to facilitate mobility between EU member states, to reflect the rapid development of the professions and to secure the best evidence-based education across Europe. Material and methods: Working parties for each core curriculum were established and included a broad representation with geographic spread and different experience with education from the ESTRO Educational Committee, local representatives appointed by the National Societies and support from ESTRO staff. Results: The revised curricula have been presented for the ESTRO community and endorsement is ongoing. All three curricula have been changed to competency based education and training, teaching methodology and assessment and include the recent introduction of the new dose planning and delivery techniques and the integration of drugs and radiation. The curricula can be downloaded at http://www.estro-education.org/europeantraining/Pages/ EuropeanCurricula.aspx. Conclusion: The main objective of the ESTRO core curricula is to update and harmonise training of the radiation oncologists, medical physicists and RTTs in Europe. It is recommended that the authorities in charge of the respective training programmes throughout Europe harmonise their own curricula according to the common framework. © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Gujral D.M.,Royal Marsden Hospital |
Sumo G.,Institute of Cancer Research |
Owen J.R.,Gloucestershire Oncology Center |
Ashton A.,Gloucestershire Oncology Center |
And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics | Year: 2011
Purpose: The justification for partial breast radiotherapy after breast conservation surgery assumes that ipsilateral breast tumor relapses (IBTR) outside the index quadrant are mostly new primary (NP) tumors that develop despite radiotherapy. We tested the hypothesis that whole-breast radiotherapy (WBRT) is ineffective in preventing NP by comparing development rates in irradiated and contralateral breasts after tumor excision and WBRT. Methods and Materials: We retrospectively reviewed 1,410 women with breast cancer who were entered into a prospective randomized trial of radiotherapy fractionation and monitored annually for ipsilateral breast tumor relapses (IBTR) and contralateral breast cancer (CLBC). Cases of IBTR were classified into local recurrence (LR) or NP tumors based on location and histology and were subdivided as definite or likely depending on clinical data. Rates of ipsilateral NP and CLBC were compared over a 15-year period of follow-up. Results: At a median follow-up of 10.1 years, there were 150 documented cases of IBTR: 118 (79%) cases were definite or likely LR; 27 (18%) cases were definite or likely NP; and 5 (3%) cases could not be classified. There were 71 cases of CLBC. The crude proportion of definite-plus-likely NP was 1.9% (27/1,410) patients compared with 5% (71/1,410) CLBC patients. Cumulative incidence rates at 5, 10, and 15 years were 0.8%, 2.0%, and 3.5%, respectively, for definite-plus-likely NP and 2.4%, 5.8%, and 7.9%, respectively for CLBC, suggesting a difference in the rates of NP and CLBC. Conclusions: This analysis suggests that WBRT reduces the rate of ipsilateral NP tumors. The late presentation of NP has implications for the reporting of trials that are testing partial breast radiotherapy. © 2011 Elsevier Inc Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.
Chua M.L.K.,Public Health England |
Somaiah N.,Public Health England |
Bourne S.,Public Health England |
Daley F.,Public Health England |
And 10 more authors.
Radiotherapy and Oncology | Year: 2011
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare inter-individual and inter-cell type variation in DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair following in vivo irradiation of human skin. Materials and methods: Duplicate 4 mm core biopsies of irradiated and unirradiated skin were collected from 35 patients 24 h after 4 Gy exposure using 6 MeV electrons. Residual DSB were quantified by scoring 53BP1 foci in dermal fibroblasts, endothelial cells, superficial keratinocytes and basal epidermal cells. Results: Coefficients of inter-individual variation for levels of residual foci 24 h after in vivo irradiation of skin were 39.9% in dermal fibroblasts, 44.3% in endothelial cells, 32.9% in superficial keratinocytes and 46.4% in basal epidermal cells (p < 0.001, ANOVA). In contrast, the coefficient of inter-cell type variation for residual foci levels was only 11.3% in human skin between the different epidermal and dermal cells (p = 0.034, ANOVA). Foci levels between the different skin cell types were correlated (Pearson's R = 0.855-0.955, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Patient-specific factors appear to be more important than cell type-specific factors in determining residual foci levels following in vivo irradiation of human skin. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Martin S.,Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust |
Sydenham M.,Institute of Cancer Research |
Haviland J.,Institute of Cancer Research |
A'Hern R.,Institute of Cancer Research |
And 3 more authors.
Radiotherapy and Oncology | Year: 2010
Purpose: To test for association between single nucleotide polymorphisms at the TGFβ1 locus and the risk of late normal tissue injury following whole breast radiotherapy. Methods: A retrospective study compared the number of variant alleles at -509 and codons 10 and 25 of the TGFβ1 locus in women followed up in two prospective clinical trials who developed either marked radiotherapy adverse effects or no adverse effects after matching on fractionation schedule, breast size, surgical deficit, chemotherapy and length of follow up. Results: Median follow up in the two trials was 7.4 (maximum 15) years and 5.3 (maximum 5.3) years. 1237/1716 (72%) women with photographic assessments of radiotherapy adverse effects were alive and well, and 147/1237 (12%) potential cases with the most marked change in photographic change in breast appearance were matched to potential controls recording no change. In an unmatched analysis of 82 cases and 108 controls, no significant difference in the number of genetic variants was observed. Conclusions: No association was detected between sequence variations at the TGFβ1 locus and the risk of late adverse effects of breast radiotherapy. © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.