Chee Y.H.,Victoria Hospital |
Chee Y.H.,Royal Infirmary |
Teoh K.H.,Victoria Hospital |
Teoh K.H.,Gloucester Royal Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B | Year: 2010
We compared 55 consecutive total hip replacements performed on 53 morbidly obese patients with osteoarthritis with a matched group of 55 total hip replacements in 53 non-obese patients. The groups were matched for age, gender, prosthesis type, laterality and pre-operative Harris Hip Score. They were followed prospectively for five years and the outcomes were assessed using the Harris Hip Score, the Short-form 36 score and radiological findings. Survival at five years using revision surgery as an endpoint, was 90.9% (95% confidence interval 82.9 to 98.9) for the morbidly obese and 100% for the non-obese patients. The Harris Hip and the Short-form 36 scores were significantly better in the non-obese group (p < 0.001). The morbidly obese patients had a higher rate of complications (22% vs 5%, p = 0.012), which included dislocation and both superficial and deep infection. In light of these inferior results, morbidly obese patients should be advised to lose weight before undergoing a total hip replacement, and counselled regarding the complications. Despite these poorer results, however, the patients have improved function and quality of life. ©2010 British Editorial Society of Bone and Joint Surgery.
Earnshaw J.J.,Gloucester Royal Hospital |
Alderson D.,University of Birmingham
British Journal of Surgery | Year: 2014
McFadyen I.,Gloucester Royal Hospital |
Field J.,Cheltenham General Hospital |
McCann P.,Gloucester Royal Hospital |
Ward J.,Gloucester Royal Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Injury | Year: 2011
Fractures of the distal radius are commonly treated with cast immobilisation; however, those potentially unstable injuries with dorsal comminution may need operative intervention. This intervention is usually with manipulation and Kirschner wires but advances in locking-plate technology have enabled surgeons to achieve anatomical reconstruction of complex fracture patterns, even in poor-quality osteoporotic bone. To ascertain if fixed-angle volar-locked plates confer a significant benefit over manipulation and Kirschner-wire stabilisation, we prospectively randomised 56 adult patients with isolated, closed, unilateral, unstable extra-articular fractures into two treatment groups, one fixed with K-wires and the other fixed with a volar locking plate. Functional outcomes were assessed using Gartland and Werley and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores. These were statistically better in the plate group at 3 and 6 months. Radiological assessment showed statistically better results at 6 weeks, 3 months and 6 months, post-operatively. In the plate group, there was no significant loss of fracture reduction. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Sahnan K.,Gloucester Royal Hospital
BMJ case reports | Year: 2013
A 19-year-old man presented with a right testicular swelling. Testicular ultrasound demonstrated areas suspicious for malignancy and so it was decided to proceed for a right radical inguinal orchiectomy. Initial histological examination revealed a multiloculated cystic lesion at the area of the rete testis yet normal testicular parenchyma elsewhere. Specialist histological opinion was sought from the regional teratoma multi-disciplinary team which confirmed the diagnosis of a sertoliform cystadenoma, an extremely rare benign testicular neoplasm. The recognition of the benign nature of the mass enabled complete reassurance to be offered to the patient and avoided further oncological treatment.
Frewin R.,Gloucester Royal Hospital |
Dowson A.,King's College
International Journal of Clinical Practice | Year: 2012
Headache is frequently reported as one of the neurological manifestations of essential thrombocythaemia (ET) and other myeloproliferative neoplasms. It is associated with considerable morbidity; yet, it is a frequently under-recognised symptom. In patients with ET, headaches may be attributable to the disease, to the prescribed ET treatment, or unrelated to ET. The majority of headaches in ET are self-limiting and can be managed with standard headache therapies such as paracetamol, but it is vital that the clinician managing these conditions is able to recognise the headaches with a more sinister pathology. In this article, we will review the incidence and management of headaches in ET, whether they are primarily related to the disease or a result of its treatment. Identification of specific headache types in patients with ET may enable physicians to employ the most effective headache medication. This would enhance the patient-physician relationship, increasing patient compliance and thus reducing the risk of adverse outcomes. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Forsyth E.L.,Gloucester Royal Hospital |
Millard T.P.,Gloucester Royal Hospital
Drugs and Aging | Year: 2010
Chronic actinic dermatitis (CAD) describes a condition resulting from abnormal photosensitivity; the dermatitis is clinically similar to contact allergic dermatitis. Sun-exposed skin is more commonly affected but the condition can extend to and encompass unexposed skin. CAD is relatively rare but becomes more prevalent in the elderly population. Phototesting, patch testing and laboratory results should be used to help guide diagnosis. In the elderly, it is important to distinguish CAD from drug-induced photosensitivity. Management of the condition requires sunlight avoidance and use of sunscreens, topical emollients and topical corticosteroids. Oral corticosteroids and immunosuppressive therapy such as azathioprine may be indicated but should be used with caution in the elderly. © 2010 Adis Data Information BV.
Vaughan-Shaw P.G.,Gloucester Royal Hospital
BMJ case reports | Year: 2013
A patient was admitted as an emergency with bowel obstruction. Recent medical history included an episode of gallstone ileus treated surgically by removal of an enteric calculus. On this admission, an obstructing calculus was removed from the descending colon (gallstone coleus) at laparotomy. However, the postoperative course was complicated by sepsis and the patient died. A CT scan on the second admission and cytology results from a liver abscess suggested gallbladder malignancy as the underlying cause of the cholecystoenteric fistula. The technical challenge and increased mortality associated with cholecystoenteric fistula repair supports simple enterolithotomy as the preferred management of gallstone ileus. However, this case supports the need for a systematic search for all enteric stones at laparotomy and consideration of concurrent or interval cholecystectomy and cholecystoenteric fistula repair to prevent recurrent gallstone ileus and determine underlying pathology.
Jonas S.C.,Gloucester Royal Hospital |
Young A.F.,Gloucester Royal Hospital |
Curwen C.H.,Gloucester Royal Hospital |
McCann P.A.,Gloucester Royal Hospital
Injury | Year: 2013
Introduction: Fragility fractures of the ankle are increasing in incidence. Such fractures typically occur from low-energy injuries but lead to disproportionately high levels of morbidity. Ankle fractures in this age group are managed conservatively in plaster or by open reduction and internal fixation. Both modalities have shown high rates of failure in terms of delayed union or mal-union together with perioperative complications such as implant failure and wound breakdown. The optimal treatment of these patients remains controversial. Objectives: We aimed to review the functional outcome of patients with ankle fragility fractures primarily managed using a tibio-talar-calcaneal nail (TTC). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 31 consecutive patients primarily managed with a TCC nail for osteoporotic fragility fractures about the ankle. Data were collected via case notes, radiographic reviews and by clinical reviews at the outpatient clinic or a telephone follow-up. Information regarding patient characteristics, indication for operation, Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) fracture classification, operative and postoperative complications, time to radiographic union and current clinical state including Olerud and Molander scores were recorded (as a measure of ankle function). Results: Nine of 31 patients had died by the time of follow-up. Mean preoperative and postoperative Olerud and Molander scores were 56 and 45, respectively. There were no postoperative wound complications. Twenty-nine of 31 patients returned to the same level of mobility as pre-injury. There were three peri-prosthetic fractures managed successfully with nail removal and replacement or plaster cast. There were two nail failures, both in patients who mobilised using only a stick, which were managed by nail removal. Ten of 31 patients were not followed up radiographically due to either infirmity or death. Thirteen of 21 followed up radiographically had evidence of union and 8/21 had none. None, however, had clinical evidence of fracture nonunion. Conclusion: The TTC nail can successfully be used to manage fragility fractures about the ankle in the elderly. Much like fractured neck of femur patients, who also have a high rate of mortality, this allows immediate mobilisation with minimal risk of wound complications. However, careful assessment must be made of each patient's mobility, as there is a significant incidence of device failure in the more active patient. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Sahnan K.,Gloucester Royal Hospital
BMJ case reports | Year: 2013
A 71-year-old man presented to our hospital with generalised abdominal pain. Initial laboratory investigations were normal and an abdominal CT scan was inconclusive. The following day, persisting pain, generalised tenderness and haemodynamic instability prompted exploratory laparotomy. At laparotomy, two perforations of the proximal jejunum were identified caused by two 3 cm pieces of wood. The pieces of wood were retrieved and the perforations repaired primarily. The postoperative period was complicated by acute confusion but the patient went on to make a full recovery. On direct questioning, the patient was unable to explain the presence of wood within his gastrointestinal tract. One hypothesis was that he may have ingested this material during a period of acute confusion following an elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair 8 years previously.
Patel K.,Gloucester Royal Hospital
Hand surgery : an international journal devoted to hand and upper limb surgery and related research : journal of the Asia-Pacific Federation of Societies for Surgery of the Hand | Year: 2012
Supracondylar fractures of the distal humerus are a common and serious paediatric injury, often accompanied by neurovascular compromise. Accurate neurovascular evaluation of the injured limb is essential in order to guide emergent treatment. To assess whether trainees are proficient in the assessment and management of supracondylar fractures, performance was audited against objective standards drawn from the literature.