Nelson Biotechnologies Inc. and Glen Research Corporation | Date: 2010-09-28
Novel CE-phosphoramidites and CPG reagents have been synthesized from a serinol backbone. These reagents are useful to introduce functional groups or directly label oligonucleotides. The versatile serinol scaffold allows for labeling at any position (5 or 3 termini, or any internal position) during automated DNA synthesis. Multiple labels or functional groups can be achieved by repetitive coupling cycles. Optimal spacer arms and protected label moieties have been specially designed. Further, the natural 3-carbon atom internucleotide phosphate distance is retained when inserted internally.
Hu J.,Southwestern Medical Center |
Gagnon K.T.,Southwestern Medical Center |
Liu J.,Southwestern Medical Center |
Watts J.K.,Southwestern Medical Center |
And 6 more authors.
Spinocerebellar ataxia-3 (also known as Machado-Joseph disease) is an incurable neurodegenerative disorder caused by expression of a mutant variant of ataxin-3 (ATX3) protein. Inhibiting expression of ATX3 would provide a therapeutic strategy, but indiscriminant inhibition of both wild-type and mutant ATX3 might lead to undesirable side effects. An ideal silencing agent would block expression of mutant ATX3 while leaving expression of wild-type ATX3 intact. We have previously observed that peptide nucleic acid (PNA) conjugates targeting the expanded CAG repeat within ATX3 mRNA block expression of both alleles. We have now identified additional PNAs capable of inhibiting ATX3 expression that vary in length and in the nature of the conjugated cation chain. We can also achieve potent and selective inhibition using duplex RNAs containing one or more mismatches relative to the CAG repeat. Anti-CAG antisense bridged nucleic acid oligonucleotides that lack a cationic domain are potent inhibitors but are not allele-selective. Allele-selective inhibitors of ATX3 expression provide insights into the mechanism of selectivity and promising lead compounds for further development and in vivo investigation. Copyright © by Walter de Gruyter. Source
Hean J.,University of Witwatersrand |
Crowther C.,University of Witwatersrand |
Ely A.,University of Witwatersrand |
Ul Islam R.,University of Witwatersrand |
And 12 more authors.
Artificial DNA: PNA and XNA
chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (hBV) occurs in approximately 6% of the world's population and carriers of the virus are at risk for complicating hepatocellular carcinoma. current treatment options have limited efficacy and chronic hBV infection is likely to remain a significant global medical problem for many years to come. Silencing hBV gene expression by harnessing RNA interference (RNAi) presents an attractive option for development of novel and effective anti hBV agents. however, despite significant and rapid progress, further refinement of existing technologies is necessary before clinical application of RNAi-based hBV therapies is realized. Limiting off target effects, improvement of delivery efficiency, dose regulation and preventing reactivation of viral replication are some of the hurdles that need to be overcome. To address this, we assessed the usefulness of the recently described class of altritol-containing synthetic siRNAs (ANA siRNAs), which were administered as lipoplexes and tested in vivo in a stringent hBV transgenic mouse model. Our observations show that ANA siRNAs are capable of silencing of hBV replication in vivo. Importantly, non specific immunostimulation was observed with unmodified siRNAs and this undesirable effect was significantly attenuated by ANA modification. Inhibition of hBV replication of approximately 50% was achieved without evidence for induction of toxicity. These results augur well for future application of ANA siRNA therapeutic lipoplexes. © 2010 Landes Bioscience. Source
Gagnon K.T.,Southwestern Medical Center |
Pendergraff H.M.,Southwestern Medical Center |
Deleavey G.F.,McGill University |
Swayze E.E.,Isis Pharmaceuticals |
And 10 more authors.
Huntington's disease (HD) is a currently incurable neurodegenerative disease caused by the expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat within the huntingtin (HTT) gene. Therapeutic approaches include selectively inhibiting the expression of the mutated HTT allele while conserving function of the normal allele. We have evaluated a series of antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) targeted to the expanded CAG repeat within HTT mRNA for their ability to selectively inhibit expression of mutant HTT protein. Several ASOs incorporating a variety of modifications, including bridged nucleic acids and phosphorothioate internucleotide linkages, exhibited allele-selective silencing in patient-derived fibroblasts. Allele-selective ASOs did not affect the expression of other CAG repeat-containing genes and selectivity was observed in cell lines containing minimal CAG repeat lengths representative of most HD patients. Allele-selective ASOs left HTT mRNA intact and did not support ribonuclease H activity in vitro. We observed cooperative binding of multiple ASO molecules to CAG repeat-containing HTT mRNA transcripts in vitro. These results are consistent with a mechanism involving inhibition at the level of translation. ASOs targeted to the CAG repeat of HTT provide a starting point for the development of oligonucleotide-based therapeutics that can inhibit gene expression with allelic discrimination in patients with HD. © 2010 American Chemical Society. Source