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Glasgow, United Kingdom

Glasgow Caledonian University is a public university in Glasgow, Scotland. With a history traceable to 1875, the University was formally instituted in 1993 by an Act of Parliament that created Glasgow’s third university, and what would become one of Scotland’s largest universities with more than 18,000 students.GCU is regularly ranked among the UK's top 10 modern universities, and is widely regarded as one of the UK's most dynamic and innovative universities. In 2010, less than 20 years after its formation, Caledonian was ranked among the world’s top universities, the first and only modern Scottish university to achieve this global standing. In 2013, the UK's Higher Education Statistics Agency ranked Caledonian as Scotland's 2nd best university in terms of employability among graduates and 11th best in the UK. Also that year, the University was ranked 2nd in the UK for international student satisfaction.Nobel Peace Prize laureate Muhammad Yunus was installed Chancellor of the University in 2012, as the first non-British international figure to hold the office of University Chancellor in Scottish history. Pamela Gillies has been the Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University since 2006.Independent research carried out in 2012 revealed that the University contributes over £444m to Scotland’s economy each year with the quantifiable lifetime premium of a one-year class of graduates estimated at around £375m, bringing the University's total annual economic impact to around £820m in Scotland alone.The University is a member of the University Alliance, the UK league of business-oriented universities. It is also a member of the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the European University Association, Universities UK, Universities Scotland, the Florence Network, the Talloires Network, the Erasmus+ Programme, and the Santander Universities Network. Wikipedia.

MacDonald M.,Glasgow Caledonian University
Thin-Walled Structures | Year: 2012

This paper presents the details of a research study conducted with the aim of developing an alternative design rule to predict the web crippling strength of cold-formed steel lipped channel beams. Current empirical web crippling design rules are perceived to be only accurate for the type of sections and the section dimensions that have been tested. A large number of experiments are often necessary to validate these design rules for a wider range of section types and dimensions, and these experiments are often expensive and impractical. Hence, a design rule which is based on a theoretical or numerical model has been attempted through this work. Four series of tests, replicating the four web crippling loading conditions namely: Interior-One-Flange (IOF), Interior-Two-Flange (ITF), End-One-Flange (EOF) and End-Two-Flange (ETF), were performed to predict the ultimate strength of one hundred and eight specimens. The test specimens were manufactured to include three distinct corner radii and two different web heights, and the specimens were tested using three different lengths of load bearing plates. Two additional loading scenarios which could arise due to the loading flange restraint namely - fixed-flange and free-flange were also examined. Finite element models were developed to numerically simulate the tests performed in the experimental investigations. Load-deformation curves were obtained from both the tests and FE models, and the FE models were validated using the test results. The validation showed a close agreement of FE results with the test results which provided the confidence of using the FE model for a parametric study beyond the limits of the experiments. Based on the results of the parametric study, a design rule was developed which is much more flexible to adapt for new types of sections and ranges of dimensions. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

Jiang J.-Q.,Glasgow Caledonian University
Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology | Year: 2014

Ferrate(VI) ion has the formula FeO4 2-, and possesses unique properties, vs. strong oxidising potential and simultaneous generation of ferric coagulating species. For this reason, a number of studies have been carried out to investigate the preparation, characterisation and application of ferrate(VI) for water and wastewater treatment. These studies revealed that ferrate(VI) can disinfect microorganisms, partially degrade and/or oxidise organic and inorganic impurities, and remove suspended/colloidal particulate materials in a single dosing and mixing unit process. Most recently, research groups globally have reported using ferrate(VI) to treat emerging micropollutants in water purification processes. Work has not only been limited to fundamental studies but has been driven by the ideas of putting the application of ferrate(VI) into practice; the advantages of the application of ferrate(VI) over existing water and wastewater treatment methods should be shown as should other benefits to the water industry of its use. This paper thus reviews advances in the preparation and use of ferrate(VI), discusses the potential full scale application of ferrate(VI) in water purification and recommends required future research in order to implement ferrate(VI) in practice. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry. Source

Doughty M.J.,Glasgow Caledonian University
Contact Lens and Anterior Eye | Year: 2013

Purpose: To review the use of ophthalmic rose bengal to assess the ocular surface, especially considering the grading scales used. Methods: A literature search was undertaken to identify reports where either rose bengal or lissamine green had been used as a 'vital' stain, with a special interest in identifying studies that provided data before and after treatment for dry eye and also considered the mechanism of action of these two chemicals. Results: Between 1985 and 2006, numerous clinical studies used a consistent grading scheme (that attributed to Van Bijsterveld) to assess the outcome of artificial tear treatments on dry eye patients. With such consistency, including the adoption of a treatment period of 1 month, comparisons can be made to indicate the efficacy of rose bengal staining to assess reduction in ocular surface desiccation. However, in the following years, several alternative grading schemes have been used for both rose bengal and lissamine green and assessment periods have been variable so making inter-study comparisons considerably more difficult to undertake. An attribute of rose bengal appears to be its ability to stain the nuclei of cells, but whether this also occurs for lissamine green is unclear. Conclusions: Ophthalmic rose bengal has been successfully adopted for use to assess the ocular surface over many years as a vital stain. More research is needed to assess whether lissamine green ocular surface staining can simply be substituted for rose bengal in evaluation of dry eye treatments. © 2013 British Contact Lens Association. Source

Doughty M.J.,Glasgow Caledonian University
Ocular Surface | Year: 2012

Goblet cells of the conjunctiva are the main source of mucus for the ocular surface. The objectives of this review are to consider the goblet cells as assessed by various histological, cytological and electron microscopy methods, and to assess the consistency of published reports (over more than 25 years) of goblet cell density (GCD) from impression cytology specimens from nominally healthy human subjects. Reported GCD values have been notably variable, with a range from 24 to 2226 cells/mm2 for average values. Data analysis suggests that a high density of goblet cells should be expected for the healthy human conjunctiva, with a tendency toward higher values in samples taken from normally covered locations (inferior and superior bulbar conjunctiva) of the open eye (at 973 +/- 789 cells/ mm2) than in samples taken from exposed (interpalpebral) locations (at 427 +/- 376 cells/mm2). No obvious change in GCD was found with respect to age, perhaps because the variability of the data did not allow detection of any agerelated decline in GCD. Analyses of published data from 33 other sources indicated a trend for GCD to be lower than normal across a spectrum of ocular surface diseases. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source

Brady M.C.,Glasgow Caledonian University
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online) | Year: 2012

Aphasia is an acquired language impairment following brain damage that affects some or all language modalities: expression and understanding of speech, reading and writing. Approximately one-third of people who have a stroke experience aphasia. To assess the effectiveness of speech and language therapy (SLT) for aphasia following stroke. We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (last searched June 2011), MEDLINE (1966 to July 2011) and CINAHL (1982 to July 2011). In an effort to identify further published, unpublished and ongoing trials we handsearched the International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders (1969 to 2005) and reference lists of relevant articles and contacted academic institutions and other researchers. There were no language restrictions. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing SLT (a formal intervention that aims to improve language and communication abilities, activity and participation) with (1) no SLT; (2) social support or stimulation (an intervention that provides social support and communication stimulation but does not include targeted therapeutic interventions); and (3) another SLT intervention (which differed in duration, intensity, frequency, intervention methodology or theoretical approach). We independently extracted the data and assessed the quality of included trials. We sought missing data from investigators. We included 39 RCTs (51 randomised comparisons) involving 2518 participants in this review. Nineteen randomised comparisons (1414 participants) compared SLT with no SLT where SLT resulted in significant benefits to patients' functional communication (standardised mean difference (SMD) 0.30, 95% CI 0.08 to 0.52, P = 0.008), receptive and expressive language. Seven randomised comparisons (432 participants) compared SLT with social support and stimulation but found no evidence of a difference in functional communication. Twenty-five randomised comparisons (910 participants) compared two approaches to SLT. There was no indication of a difference in functional communication. Generally, the trials randomised small numbers of participants across a range of characteristics (age, time since stroke and severity profiles), interventions and outcomes. Suitable statistical data were unavailable for several measures. Our review provides some evidence of the effectiveness of SLT for people with aphasia following stroke in terms of improved functional communication, receptive and expressive language. However, some trials were poorly reported. The potential benefits of intensive SLT over conventional SLT were confounded by a significantly higher dropout from intensive SLT. More participants also withdrew from social support than SLT interventions. There was insufficient evidence to draw any conclusion regarding the effectiveness of any one specific SLT approach over another. Source

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