Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FCT-14-2014 | Award Amount: 5.58M | Year: 2015
Theories underlying community policing received new impetus with the recent advent of smartphones and social media and especially user-generated content (UGC) where citizens engage in closer interaction with their local community and law enforcement agency (LEA). The years 2010-2014 have seen a rapid upsurge of smartphone apps aimed at improving crime reporting and other forms of UGC and interaction associated with community policing. Yet these apps are characterised by a predominantly Anglo-Saxon approach with the largest number originating in the USA, a few in Canada, Australia and with the UK apparently the only major EU state where there has been some take-up of these technologies. CITYCoP sets out to find out why the EU appears to be lagging behind although Community Policing is nominally a policy which has been put into action in a number of EU countries. It then goes on to develop a solution including a new smartphone app and on-line portal which are capable of being deployed in any European city while still retaining local flavour and diversity. These ICT solutions will also be designed from scratch to be fully compliant with strict privacy and data protection laws. A training scheme, including use of serious games, will be developed to assist training of officers and citizens in use of the app and portal. CITYCoP will benefit from a multi-disciplinary approach that will include the sociology of community policing as well as cognitive science perspectives of the citizens interaction with community and LEAs through technology. The partners in CITYCoP build on long years of successful collaboration in EU projects dealing with UGC, smart surveillance and privacy (CONSENT, SMART, RESPECT) positioning CITYCoP solutions to achieve integration into smart city eco-systems. CITYCoP will pilot deployments of multi-lingual smartphone apps, portals and serious games training packages in Bucharest (Romania), Lisbon (Portugal), Florence (Italy), Sheffield (UK).
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SEC-2011.3.4-1 | Award Amount: 18.18M | Year: 2012
Significant efforts have been invested to strengthen border ID checks with biometrics Travel Documents embedding electronic chips (ePassport). However, problems appeared regarding fraud in the ePassport issuing process, citizen losing control on their personal data, difficulties in certificates management, and shortcomings in convenience, speed, and efficiency of ID checks, including the access to various remote data bases. FIDELITY is a multi-disciplinary initiative which will analyse shortcomings and vulnerabilities in the whole ePassports life cycle and develop technical solutions and recommendations to overcome them. FIDELITY will demonstrate privacy enhanced solutions to: -Secure issuing processes: authentication of documents, preventing impersonation fraud -Improve ePassport security and usability: authentication processes, ID check speed, accuracy of biometrics, management of certificates, access to remote data bases, convenience of biometric sensors and inspection devices -Better manage lost and stolen passports -Strengthen privacy: privacy-by-design applied to all phases of the ePassport life cycle, systematic anomysation of data and separation of data streams, using novel privacy-enhancing-technologies FIDELITY will strengthen trust and confidence of stakeholders and citizens in ePassports, provide more reliable ID checks, hence hinder criminal movements, and ease implementation of E/E records providing better analysis of migration flows. FIDELITY solutions will be designed for backwards compatibility to be deployed progressively in the existing infrastructure. The FIDELITY consortium is composed of market-leading companies, innovative SME, renowned academia, ethical-sociological-legal experts, and end-users, which will help to define requirements and recommendations and assess results. They will, with the other partners actively promote the project results towards stakeholders and international working groups that elaborate future ePassport standards.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2012.3.4-2 | Award Amount: 4.25M | Year: 2013
The objective of INGRESS is to research, develop and validate innovative technology to take fingerprint images by looking at additional biometrics associated with the finger. The project will pave the way to the manufacturing of innovative fingerprint scanners capable of properly sensing fingerprints of intrinsic very-low quality and/or characterized by superficial skin disorders. The project focuses on capturing sub-surface fingerprint and delivering a high-quality image. The technology stream of the project focuses on medical imaging technique, such as ultrasound and Full Field Optical Coherence Tomography (FFOCT), to acquire the fingerprint matrix in the dermis. Furthermore, INGRESS studies the use of Printed Organic Electronics (POE) technologies and components, such as the passive matrix of Organic Light Emitting Diodes (OLED) and Organic Photo Diodes (OPDs) to create a new generation of high resolution fingerprint sensors. We propose to evaluate the INGRESS mock-ups in laboratory to compare them with legacy sensors. Tests in the field will evaluate the technology performance, the usability and user acceptance of the solution. INGRESS exploits both standard approaches and novel metrics to evaluate the operational quality of fingerprint scanners. In parallel of the technology stream, the project will investigate the potential ethical, legal and societal issues for these novel technologies. The R&D process will integrate, all along the project, the results from this investigation, to guarantee that all end-products will be fully compatible/compliant with current trends in European and international privacy and data protection standards, following the internationally-endorsed foundational principles of Privacy by Design. INGRESS will both validate the developed technologies and propose a technology development roadmap for the purpose of using fingerprints from the identity document in border control and law enforcement applications.
Farup I.,Gjovik University College
Optics Express | Year: 2014
It is well established from both colour difference and colour order perpectives that the colour space cannot be Euclidean. In spite of this, most colour spaces still in use today are Euclidean, and the best Euclidean colour metrics are performing comparably to state-of-the-art non-Euclidean metrics. In this paper, it is shown that a transformation from Euclidean to hyperbolic geometry (i.e., constant negative curvature) for the chromatic plane can significantly improve the performance of Euclidean colour metrics to the point where they are statistically significantly better than state-of-the-art non-Euclidean metrics on standard data sets. The resulting hyperbolic geometry nicely models both qualitatively and quantitatively the hue super-importance phenomenon observed in colour order systems. © 2014 Optical Society of America. Source
Gebremedhin A.,Gjovik University College
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2014
Global warming is one of the most important issues to handle in the energy sector, due to the high CO2 emissions from fossil fuel based power plants. The district heating sector can play a significant role in reducing the emissions. This, however, depends on how efficiently current and future heat demands are used as a heat sink. This paper presents the results of a model study of a district heating system (DHS). As a case study, a local DHS in a town in Sweden has been modelled using a linear programming method. The electricity generation system in northern Europe is also modelled in simplified way to serve as an input. The purpose of this study and modelling in this way is to answer the questions concerning the choice of technology solutions and fuels from an economic and an environmental point of view where the focus is on the local DHS. The main objective is to study the impact of different levels of biomass prices and emission allowances on the choice of fuels and production technologies (no other taxes, fees or any kind of subsidy are considered). The results show that low biomass prices along with high emission costs promote investment in biomass-based cogeneration. However, this would mean that the market price of existing renewable incentives and CO2 cost must be higher than the current level. Furthermore, biomass as it is used now in traditional CHP system is not system optimal. In an integrated system, plants with high electrical efficiency provide better economy and lower emissions of global CO2 than solutions based on traditional biomass CHP. The need for a system solution where the heat demand is used efficiently is seen in facilities with high electrical efficiency. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source