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Kyrenia, Cyprus

Girne American University is a university in Kyrenia, a city in the northern area of Cyprus. The university was founded in 1985 by Mr. Serhat Akpinar as an independent, non-profit institution of American-style higher education. Today, GAU is an international university with campuses in Cyprus, Istanbul, Washington D.C. , Hong Kong and Canterbury . Wikipedia.


Sadeghi K.,Girne American University
Structural Engineering and Mechanics | Year: 2015

A nonlinear Finite Element (FE) algorithm is proposed to analyze the Reinforced Concrete (RC) columns subjected to Cyclic Loading (CL), Cyclic Oriented Lateral Force and Axial Loading (COLFAL), Monotonic Loading (ML) or Oriented Pushover Force and Axial Loading (OPFAL) in any direction. In the proposed algorithm, the following parameters are considered: uniaxial behavior of concrete and steel elements, the pseudo-plastic hinge produced in the critical sections, and global behavior of RC columns. In the proposed numerical simulation, the column is discretized into two Macro-Elements (ME) located between the pseudo-plastic hinges at critical sections and the inflection point. The critical sections are discretized into Fixed Rectangular Finite Elements (FRFE) in general cases of CL, COLFAL or ML and are discretized into Variable Oblique Finite Elements (VOFE) in the particular cases of ML or OPFAL. For pushover particular case, a fairly fast converging and properly accurate nonlinear simulation method is proposed to assess the behavior of RC columns. The proposed algorithm has been validated by the results of tests carried out on full-scale RC columns. Copyright © 2015 Techno-Press, Ltd. Source


Sila I.,Girne American University
International Journal of Electronic Business | Year: 2015

The objective of this study is to analyse previous research on the adoption and diffusion of business-to-business electronic commerce (B2B EC). The study focuses on case- And survey-based empirical research. We identified a total of 197 relevant studies and classified them using several categories. An analysis of these studies enabled us to discover a variety of issues in B2B EC adoption and diffusion research with respect to research objectives and methodologies, use of theory, adoption and diffusion factors, and B2B EC-performance relationships. We made a number of recommendations for future research in each of these areas. © 2015 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Source


Daskin M.,Girne American University | Tezer M.,Near East University
Tourism | Year: 2012

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of scarcity of resources, favoritism, and organizational support as antecedents on organizational politics perceptions of frontline staff and the effect of these perceptions on their turnover intention in Cypriot hotels as its setting. For this study, a total number of 140 usable questionnaires were collected from frontline staff who was defined as all frontline supervisors from the front office, food&beverage, guest relations, and housekeeping departments working in three, four and five star hotels in North Cyprus. The hypothesized relationships were tested using SPSS 18 version through path analysis. The model test results indicated that scarce resources and favoritism are significant determinants of organizational politics perceptions. On the other hand, organizational support was found to be negatively related with organizational politics. The empirical result also demonstrated that frontline supervisors' politics perceptions exerted a positive effect on their turnover intentions. This research makes useful contributions to the current knowledge base by exclusively investigating the direct effect offavoritism on perceptions of organizational politics and indirect influence on turnover intention. Because favoritism practices have potential to paralyze the organizational justice and create distrustful working environment which makes real performers to engage in political games or quit the job. Source


Sadeghi K.,Girne American University
International Journal of Civil Engineering | Year: 2011

An energy based damage index based on a new nonlinear Finite element (FE) approach applicable to RC structures subjected to cyclic, earthquake or monotonic loading is proposed. The proposed method is based on the evaluation of nonlinear local degradation of materials and taking into account of the pseudo-plastic hinge produced in the critical sections of the structure. A computer program is developed, considering local behavior of confined and unconfined concretes and steel elements and also global behavior and damage of reinforced concrete structures under cyclic loading. The segments located between the pseudoplastic hinges at critical sections and the inflection points are selected as base-models through simulation by the proposed FE method. The proposed damage index is based on an energy analysis method considering the primary half-cycles energy absorbed by the structure during loading. The total primary half-cycles absorbed energy to failure is used as normalizing factor. By using the proposed nonlinear analytical approach, the structure's force-displacement data are determined. The damage index is then calculated and is compared with the allowable value. This damage index is an efficient means for deciding whether to repair or demolish structures after an earthquake. It is also useful in the design of new structures as a design parameter for an acceptable limit of damage defined by building codes. The proposed approach and damage index are validated by results of tests carried out on reinforced concrete columns subjected to cyclic biaxial bending with axial force. Source


Sila I.,Girne American University
Electronic Commerce Research | Year: 2013

The objective of this study is to analyze the factors affecting the adoption of Internet-enabled business-to-business electronic commerce (B2B EC) and test their applicability in different contexts. We used 275 responses from an online survey of North American firms and tested our hypotheses with Multiple Regression and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). We found that scalability is the biggest contributor to B2B EC usage. We also compared each adoption factor across adopters and nonadopters of B2B EC. Six of the nine adoption factors tested distinguished adopters of B2B EC from nonadopters. Then we analyzed the effects of these factors on adoption using several contextual variables, including firm size, firm type, management level of respondents, and country of origin of firms. The results showed that all of the contextual variables, except country of origin, influenced some of the adoption factors. Managers can use the findings of this study to understand which factors will most likely facilitate the implementation of B2B EC and be prepared to manage the effects of these factors on their initiatives more effectively. Many of the studies in this area have not tested the effects of contextual variables on B2B EC adoption. Thus, we contribute to the limited literature on this issue. The study shows that the technology-organization-environment (TOE) framework provides a strong foundation for the study of B2B EC. It also provides evidence that this framework is strengthened further when contextual variables are integrated into the theoretical model. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York. Source

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