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Le Touquet – Paris-Plage, France

Eglin T.,ADEME | Miriam B.,ADEME | Martin M.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Maurice D.,University of Lorraine | And 3 more authors.
Revue Forestiere Francaise | Year: 2014

Forest managers and decision-makers require more knowledge of forest soils and better references for understanding soil functioning. At REGEFOR 2013, the “Collecting and using data on forest soils” workshop identified a large under-exploited source of data in development organizations and research laboratories. Software was available for making these resources easier to discover and accessible via Internet. As the data is scattered and the data sets are not harmonized, much remains to be done to enable this data to be used (eg: incorporation into databases, production of metadata and common semantic standards, clarification of ownership rights, data transfer protocols between applications). The workshop also discussed ways of improving coordination between the production and management of data, in particular considering the advantages and limitations of centralization within a single information system. © 2014 AgroParisTech. Source


Eglin T.,French Environment and Energy Management Agency | Martin M.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Maurice D.,University of Lorraine | Nicolas M.,Office National des Forets | And 3 more authors.
Revue Forestiere Francaise | Year: 2014

Forest managers and decision-makers require more knowledge of forest soils and better references for understanding soil functioning. At REGEFOR 2013, the “Collecting and using data on forest soils” workshop identified a large under-exploited source of data in development organizations and research laboratories. Software was available for making these resources easier to discover and accessible via Internet. As the data is scattered and the data sets are not harmonized, much remains to be done to enable this data to be used (eg: incorporation into databases, production of metadata and common semantic standards, clarification of ownership rights, data transfer protocols between applications). The workshop also discussed ways of improving coordination between the production and management of data, in particular considering the advantages and limitations of centralization within a single information system. © AgroParisTech, 2014. Source


Blennow K.,Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences | Carnus J.-M.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Fleischer P.,Slovak National Forests TANAP | Ingemarson F.,Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry | And 9 more authors.
EFI News | Year: 2011

Storms are one of the major damaging agents in Europe's forests. Sharing best practice, facilitating a rapid response following storms and building on adaptive forest management strategies are measures that can mitigate the impacts of storms. Storms can have a major impact on timber prices in the short term and on timber availability in the longer term. They also affect water quality, carbon sequestration and biodiversity. The dominant factors which determine damage levels within forests and stands are tree height, soil condition and recent thinning. Research suggests that forest storm damage will continue to increase in Europe, with damage increasing by between 2 to 4 times the present levels by the end of the century, if current management practices continue. A range of practice and policy measures are recommended to help mitigate the effects of storms on the European forest industry and forest owners and to prepare for future storm events. Source


Landmann G.,Gip Ecofor | Augusto L.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research | Cabral A.S.,Gip Ecofor | Saint-Andre L.,French National Institute for Agricultural Research
Revue Forestiere Francaise | Year: 2014

silvicultural itineraries and sustainability of soils workshop was chaired by Guy Landmann (ECOFOR) and Laurent Augusto (INRA), and Anne Sophie Cabral (ECOFOR) acted as secretary. Laurent Augusto (INRA) presented the current state of knowledge on the relationship between forest management policies and the maintenance of soil fertility based on the results of the RESOBIO project which studied the management of harvesting residues and the preservation of soils and biodiversity. Laurent Saint-André (INRA) gave a special presentation on the management of forests in tropical regions. Laurent Saint-André described the case of tropical industrial plantations, in an experimental network set up by CIFOR, as an extreme example of the relationship between intensive harvesting and drop in productivity. In these experiments, stands of fast-growing trees were subjected to very different treatments, including removing the whole tree and laying bare the soil which corresponded to a practice that was still current in certain tropical ecosystems. The workshop ended with an unusual final discussion, as those involved in research and development were invited to comment on the probable time it would take to resolve the main problems remaining. Source


Gosselin M.,IRSTEA | Archaux F.,IRSTEA | Bonheme I.,Gip Ecofor | Nivet C.,Gip Ecofor
Revue Forestiere Francaise | Year: 2012

Under the Forest Europe process initiated in 1993 in Helsinki at the second Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe, since 1995, France has published sustainable management indicators for forests in metropolitan France every five years. These indicators under criterion 4 focus on biodiversity and deal with thematic areas ranging from the diversity of species to threatened forest species, protected forests, naturality, etc., all the way to the fragmentation of the landscape. Using the outcomes of the scientific consultations launched in 2006 by GIP Ecofor on the topic of forest biodiversity indicators, we provide a tentative method for structuring tracking of forest biodiversity: identification of goals by category of user, field of biodiversity to be tracked, scales used, scientific significance and validity and continual improvement of indicators. The authors then analyse the current indicators under criterion 4 in relation to two main goals: assessing the state and dynamics of forest biodiversity and evaluating the effect of forest policies and silvicultural practises (which derive in part from those policies) on biodiversity. The current system already provides considerable data but needs improvement. As the situation stands, indicators under criterion 4 are not adequate either for tracking the state of forest biodiversity and the pressure to which it is subjected or for guiding the policies that impact it. We offer areas for improvement so as to more fully reflect the various taxonomic, genetic, functional and ecosystemic components of forest biodiversity, placing the emphasis on the most important stakes in terms of ecology and policy. For the monitoring system to become a true policy support tool, we argue in favour of a system structure that follows a pressure-state-response (PSR) framework, making sure that triplets balance of the PSR system indicators is maintained for each ecological or political stake identified. © AgroParisTech, 2013. Source

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