Shimoda T.,Central Region Agricultural Research Center |
Kagawa Y.,Ishihara Sangyo Kaisha Ltd |
Mori K.,Ishihara Sangyo Kaisha Ltd |
Hinomoto N.,Central Region Agricultural Research Center |
And 2 more authors.
BioControl | Year: 2017
Slow-release sachets of predatory mites are widely employed for controlling small pest arthropods in protected crops. However, environmental stresses can adversely affect the performance of such sachets. To solve this problem, we developed plant-attached shelters that hold sachets of Neoseiulus californicus (McGregor) or Amblyseius swirskii (Athias-Henriot). We conducted laboratory experiments to reveal whether sheltered sachets can protect predators against pesticides and drenching. The numbers of each predator in unsheltered sachets were drastically decreased after spraying with a non-selective pesticide (methidathion), and after continuous spraying (four days) with water, whereas the numbers in the sheltered sachets were not seriously affected by these factors. We also found that more predators (at least for N. californicus) were released from sheltered sachets at different temperatures (25 and 17 °C) than from unsheltered sachets. These results indicate sheltered sachets to be potentially useful for protecting predatory mites against environmental stresses and enhancing their release to crops. © 2017 International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC)