Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University

www.shotoku.ac.jp/index.html
Gifu-shi, Japan

Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University is a private university in the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. Named after the 7th-century Prince Shōtoku, the school was founded in 1972 as the Gifu College of Education and adopted the present name in 1998. Its name is sometimes abbreviated to Shōtoku or Gishōdai . It has main campuses in both Gifu and nearby Hashima, as well as a junior college campus in Gifu. Wikipedia.

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Munegumi T.,Naruto University of Education | Tanikawa N.,Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University
Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres | Year: 2017

Asparagine and aspartic acid might have mutually transformed in the primordial hydrosphere of the earth, if ammonia and aspartic acid had existed in equilibrium. These amino acids seem to contribute to polypeptides, while the simple amino acids glycine and alanine easily form cyclic dipeptides and do not achieve long peptide chains. Asparagine-comprising dipeptides contribute some kinds of activation forms of dipeptides because these can polymerize faster than asparagine only. The new finding of polypeptide formation suggests a pathway of sequential polypeptides to evolve a diversity of polypeptides. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Matsuda S.,Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University | Demura S.,Kanazawa University | Nagasawa Y.,Kyoto Pharmaceutical University
Perceptual and Motor Skills | Year: 2010

The goal was to describe static one-legged balance during use of a lifted leg and to compare balance between the dominant and nondominant legs of soccer players. Participants were 17 male soccer players and 17 untrained male students (control). Balance ability was evaluated with four sway measures: sway velocity, anterior-posterior sway, medial-lateral sway, and high-frequency sway. Soccer players had smaller magnitude mean anterior-posterior and medial-lateral sway than untrained students. Although mean sway velocity and anterior-posterior sway were higher with the dominant leg than in the nondominant leg of the control group, there was no significant difference on any sway factor between the two legs of the soccer group. In conclusion, the soccer players were observed to have superior static one-legged balance during use of a lifted leg, and there is no difference in balance for the two legs in the soccer group. © Perceptual and Motor Skills 2010.


Yamaguchi H.,Meijo University | Kidachi Y.,Aomori University | Kamiie K.,Aomori University | Noshita T.,Prefectural University of Hiroshima | And 2 more authors.
Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin | Year: 2010

We analyzed the effects of glycyrrhetinic acid (GA), a licorice compound, on the induction of anoikis-like death and cytoskeletal disruption in the central nervous system (CNS) tumorigenic cells. GA was cytotoxic in time- and dose-dependent manners, and the tumorigenic cells shed floating cells upon the GA treatment and even some of the adherent cells were easily detached from the fibronectin-coated culture dish by gentle shaking and aspiration. Reculture of the detached cells revealed that the longer the duration of GA exposure, the less the number of the proliferatable cells. These results indicate that GA perturbs cell adhesion and induces anoikis-like cell death. Further, GA also induced morphologic changes and disturbed cytoskeletal proteins. © 2010 Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.


Nishihama R.,Kyoto University | Ishida S.,Kyoto University | Urawa H.,Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University | Kamei Y.,Japan National Institute for Basic Biology | And 2 more authors.
Plant and Cell Physiology | Year: 2016

The liverwort Marchantia polymorpha is an emerging model plant suitable for addressing, using genetic approaches, various evolutionary questions in the land plant lineage. Haploid dominancy in its life cycle facilitates genetic analyses, but conversely limits the ability to isolate mutants of essential genes. To overcome this issue and to be employed in cell lineage, mosaic and cell autonomy analyses, we developed a system that allows conditional gene expression and deletion using a promoter of a heat-shock protein (HSP) gene and the Cre/loxP site-specific recombination system. Because the widely used promoter of the Arabidopsis HSP18.2 gene did not operate in M. polymorpha, we identified a promoter of an endogenous HSP gene, MpHSP17.8A1, which exhibited a highly inducible transient expression level upon heat shock with a low basal activity level. Reporter genes fused to this promoter were induced globally in thalli under whole-plant heat treatment and also locally using a laser-assisted targeted heating technique. By expressing Cre fused to the glucocorticoid receptor under the control of the MpHSP17.8A1 promoter, a low background, sufficiently inducible control for loxPmediated recombination could be achieved in M. polymorpha. Based on these findings, we developed a Gateway technology-based binary vector for the conditional induction of gene deletions. © The Author 2015.


Seno T.,Kyushu University | Abe K.,Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University | Kiyokawa S.,Nagoya University
Multisensory Research | Year: 2013

Visually induced illusory self-motion perception is termed vection. We measured vection strength in participants wearing either wooden or iron clogs together with or without a weight-jacket (four conditions). We hypothesized that the heavier items would inhibit vection more because they make locomotion difficult. Results partially showed that the iron clogs could inhibit vection. We concluded that cognition of the fact that the heavier iron clogs made locomotion difficult might function as an inhibitor of vection, suggesting that cognition can alter vection strength. © 2013 Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden.


Matsuda S.,Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University | Demura S.,Kanazawa University
Journal of Physiological Anthropology | Year: 2013

Background: This study aimed to examine age-related, interindividual, and right/left differences in anterior-posterior foot pressure ratio in 764 preschool children (364 boys and 400 girls) aged 3.5-6.5 years.Methods: Subjects maintained an upright standing posture for 10 seconds on the Footview Clinic, an instrument designed to calculate the anterior-posterior foot pressure ratio. The ratio of anterior foot pressure in each subject's right and left feet was selected as a variable, and the mean of a 10 s measurement was used for analysis.Results: The ratio of anterior foot pressure was significantly larger in the right foot than in the left foot. With regard to age, the ratio of anterior foot pressure was significantly larger in children aged over 4.5 years than in children aged 3.5 years. It was also larger in children aged 6 and 6.5 years than in children aged 4 years. Interindividual differences in variables were large, and coefficients of variance were highest in children aged 3.5 years and lowest in children aged 6.5 years.Conclusions: In conclusion, anterior foot pressure increases with age in preschool children. Interindividual differences in anterior foot pressure are large and tend to decrease with age. Furthermore, the anterior foot pressure is slightly higher in the right foot than in the left foot. These results will be useful for various studies, such as examining relationships between the anterior-posterior foot pressure ratio and factors, such as untouched toes, physical fitness, and level of exercise. © 2013 Matsuda and Demura; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.


Kato Y.,Nagoya University | Deguchi D.,Nagoya University | Takahashi T.,Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University | Ide I.,Nagoya University | Murase H.,Nagoya University
Proceedings of the International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition, ICDAR | Year: 2011

This paper proposes a method for low resolution QR-code recognition. A QR-code is a two-dimensional binary symbol that can embed various information such as characters and numbers. To recognize a QR-code correctly and stably, the resolution of an input image should be high. In practice, however, recognition of a QR-code is usually difficult due to low resolution when it is captured from a distance. In this paper, we propose a method to improve the performance of low resolution QR-code recognition by using the super-resolution technique that generates a high resolution image from multiple low-resolution images. Although a QR-code is a binary pattern, it is observed as a grayscale image due to the degradation through the capturing process. Especially the pixels around the borders between white and black regions become ambiguous. To overcome this problem, the proposed method introduces a binary pattern constraint to generate super-resolved images appropriate for recognition. Experimental results showed that a recognition rate of 98% can be achieved by the proposed method, which is a 15.7% improvement in comparison with a method using a conventional super-resolution method. © 2011 IEEE.


Ishida H.,Nagoya University | Takahashi T.,Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University | Ide I.,Nagoya University | Murase H.,Nagoya University
Pattern Recognition | Year: 2010

We propose a novel sequence alignment algorithm for recognizing handwriting gestures by a camera. In the proposed method, an input image sequence is aligned to the reference sequences by phase-synchronization of analytic signals which are transformed from original feature values. A cumulative distance is calculated simultaneously with the alignment process, and then used for the classification. A major benefit of this method is that over-fitting to sequences of incorrect categories is restricted. The proposed method exhibited higher recognition accuracy in handwriting gesture recognition, compared with the conventional dynamic time warping method which explores optimal alignment results for all categories. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Ito K.,Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University
Studies in Regional Science | Year: 2011

In this paper, we analyze changes in determinants of internal long-distance elderly migration using 1960, 1970, 1980, 1990 and 2000 National Censuses. First, we show the characteristics of elderly migration. Percent of elderly migrants has risen gradually from 3.0% (1960) to 10.3% (2000). Upheaval in migration rate at elderly ages with more aged people having higher migration rates, confirmed for 1970 and clearly seen in 1990 and 2000. Migration of young old has changed from concentration toward major metropolitan areas to that toward to rural areas. On the other hand, migration of old old continues to concentrate to major metropolitan areas. The adjusted gravity model and net migration model were used in this paper. Regression analysis were used for all cases. Dependent variables were numbers of migrants (AG model) and net migration rates (NM model). Explanatory variables were (1) index of potential migration living together with/near children's household (CHI), (2) index of potential return migration to 1940 living place (RMI), (3) index of amenity (average temperature: AT), (4) number of doctors per area (DA), (5) consumer price index (PI), (6) index of potential return migration to birth places (BPI), (7) number of inmates of nursing home per population (NH). Area divisions were 10 areas and 46 prefectures. The main results of our paper are summarized as follows. Only CHI had strong explanatory power from 1960 to 2000 for both young old and old old. DA had strong explanatory power in 1960 for young old and from 1980 to 2000 for old old. For young old RMI, DA, AT and CHI had strong explanatory power in 1960, and the determinants of migration for young old changed to AT, PI, BPI and CHI in 1990 and to PI, BPI, NH and CHI in 2000. For old old the same determinant of migration for forty years was only CHI, but AT and DA had explanatory power from 1980 to 2000.


Ohori S.,Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University
Environmental Economics and Policy Studies | Year: 2011

The study investigates the effects of foreign ownership of a domestic firm on the establishment of environmental policy under an oligopolistic market. We also compare two types of environmental policies: environmental standards and tax. We find that complete foreign ownership decreases welfare under both environmental regulations. In addition, the equilibrium environmental standards become more severe and environmental tax rates decrease as the number of domestic firms, which are solely owned by domestic investors, increases. Furthermore, if there are more than two domestic firms, the combination of foreign ownership restrictions and a lax environmental tax increases welfare. © 2010 Springer.

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